Dorothea Orem Essay

656 words - 3 pages

Historical Perspective Essay: Dorothea Orem

Historical Perspective Essay: Dorothea Orem
Introduction
The foundation for the nursing profession that provides principles to generate knowledge defines nursing theory. Successful nurses must be rooted in theory and understand the philosophy that drives their actions. Dorothea Orem is a nurse with a vision that studied human behavior, with the core concept of self-care in the patient/nurse relationship. This paper seeks to explain Dorothea Orem’s Theory including the contribution of her research as it relates to nursing development and paradigms of nursing.
Dorothea Orem
Caring for one’s self, as ...view middle of the document...

459). Virginia Henderson’s Need’s Theory is the origin of Orem’s theory. While Henderson described fourteen patient needs, Orem’s theory discusses the patient’s capability to engage in their own self-care needs (Meleis, 2007). Orem’s four metaparadigm principles are important in understanding the theory as a whole. Nursing is the actions performed by nurses to assist patients towards the goal of self-care. Health describes a patient being structurally and functionally whole. An environment that promotes self-care is equally as important as human’s being allowed to function at their highest self-care level.
Contributions to Nursing
Orem’s Self-Care Theory lays the foundation to measure self-care maintenance, management, and confidence. The framework of Orem’s theory contributes an optimistic patient view to their own personal healthcare and the goal of nurses, and the independent function of their patients. The identification of nursing as a science and an art are identified as well as its boundaries, and serve as unique contributions to nursing. The research that Orem completed was designed to measure...

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