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Dostoyevsky Vs Nietzsche Essay

500 words - 2 pages

DOSTOYEVSKY VS NIETZSCHE Human views of life in general are constantly changing. Numerous times in history, philosophies have been presented and been either accepted or rejected. "Every philosophy is the philosophy of some stage in life," a great mind of Russia, Friedrich Nietzsche, stirs emotions about life with his philosophy of the "Superman." This "superman" view is simply explained by saying that some men are born greater than others. Some men are thought to be born to achieve great things and they should be respected as higher or greater beings. Fyodor Dostoevsky, the author of the novel Crime and Punishment, attacks this theory and teaches that men are ...view middle of the document...

With no justification, the man goes insane with guilt. This contradicts everything that Nietzsche can teach. His view was that because some people were "supermen," they were above the common law. Common laws are made by the ordinary for the ordinary. Dostoevsky uses graphic detail to show the pain that Rodya goes through when his conscience hits him. This man, who in his mind has the potential to be or do anything, goes through extreme torment after killing a worthless old lady that is not only worthless but thrives on others pain. Nietzsche believes that a crime of this type could be justified. He does not see the big picture that Dostoevsky sees. The worth of souls is great in the eyes of Dostoevsky. Dostoevsky believes that "suffering leads to salvation." His views are that one cannot know sweet unless he has tasted bitterness. His way of thinking is that if one always receives what he wants, he can never be truly happy because he will never really know how well he really has it. Dostoevsky is much more of a realist that Nietzsche. He writes things the way they are, even if it is not socially correct. He knows that even if the person is a so-called "superman," he cannot justify murder of that kind, no matter how worthless the victim. Nietzsche is attacked by Dostoevsky in an indirect way but the point is still clearly stated. Realistically, a man can achieve whatever he sets his mind to. He does not have to be a "superman" to succeed. Some people allow themselves to be viewed higher or lower by their daily conduct but that is life and individualism.

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