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Dsm Iv Case Studies Essay

619 words - 3 pages

DSM-IV Case Studies

By: Kristopher Watkins

PSY 270

Yvonne Stephens

February 15, 2014

Introduction

Within the realms of Psychology there are an abundance of psychological disorders and
mental disabilities. It can become quite confusing and difficult to properly diagnose a patient if
full attention is not paid to the patient and without proper knowledge. The DSM-IV helps us to
properly diagnose patients and reduces the chance of misdiagnosing them with the wrong
disorder, leading no useless treatment and leaving the patient stuck in the same hole. The
following will include several case studies including cause, effect, and possible treatment of each
case, enjoy.

Case Study One
Schizoid Personality Disorder

It would be hard to determine the actual cause of her disorder because no information of
her past is presented. A couple possibilities would be that her disorder was brought on either by ...view middle of the document...

Although this is one of the many disorders that theorists argue about. Some would say
the cause is from cold hearted parents that rejected Luis. Others would say that Luis was
pampered and spoiled as a child creating his disorder. It is also believed that loss of family
values and socializing can create selfish and materialistic people. Different theorists approach
this disorder with different therapies, which seems to be the only option for this disorder.
However, most treatment is found to be unsuccessful.

Case Study Three
Somatoform Disorder

Due to the traumatic nature of her wreck and giving that two people she obviously knew
were killed, this is the most likely cause of her disorder. She probably feels guilt for the death of
her friends and is unable to cope with such stress. Developing this disorder was her mind’s way
of coping with the traumatic stress after the wreck. Cognitive behavior therapy and anti-
depressants would be ideal treatment for Anissa.

Case Study Four
Dissociative Disorder

This is truly sad and reading it made me realize even more this is what I want to do. The
events that led to and most importantly the death of her child is undoubtedly the cause of her
disorder. The event was just too much for her mind to deal with so it made a barrier surrounding
all memories of her son’s death. Psychotherapy would be needed to allow Karen to feel safe and
to understand what is going on. This will also help to free her memories and to allow her to
better cope with the situation. Hypnosis may also be used to help free her memories and to help
her feel safe.

Case Study Five
Schizophrenia

Tony has most likely been predisposed to Schizophrenia. This could be genetic or could
have been developed during childhood and was only suppressed until reaching college where
stress had greatly risen and life was beginning to change. This disorder is very difficult to treat
because medication is generally the only option and schizophrenic patients tend to stray off from
their medication. Psychosocial therapies are also given to patients with schizophrenia.
References:

Comer, R. J. (2011). Fundamentals of abnormal psychology (6th ed.). New York, NY: Worth.

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