Unit 403 : Understanding Inclusive Learning and Teaching in Lifelong Learning
Analysing Learning and Teaching Strategies Used in Own Specialism :
In each session (Dewy, 1987) I try and include both pedagogic and andragogic approaches to provide variety and engage with a range of learning styles. Typically this might involve a 15-25 minute period of presentation and demonstration, including teacher-led discussion and/or question-and-answer sessions, followed by 10 or 15 minutes of individual or group work, then gather the attention of the students again to share progress or problems. For a one and a half hour lesson this cycle might be repeated twice, for example.
While observing it is ...view middle of the document...
Regardless of the variety, constructivism promotes a student’s free exploration within a given framework or structure.
Soon as I discovered these theories of learning, its helped me to understand the way in which my students can best learn from such a subject. To complete the task I generally plan my lessons with a demonstration, indicating various tools/ways. I then have a practical activity, where I sometimes break the students into groups, which enables them to explore the possibilities in solving/creating something of their own using the techniques demonstrated.
During the task, I facilitate, making sure all are on task and understand what is required.
It is also found that once students are on task and they are working towards a goal, their needs can be very different, and by standing at the front of the class telling them ‘this is how you do it’ proves no use to anyone. This is brought out through the discovery theory, where the subject requires them to discover what works best for them.
I also find it useful for the students to share their solution/creation at the end of the task. This helps in motivating them, but also demonstrates more importantly the various ways in which a task can be completed in such a creative subject. This also gives them analytical skills, and educates them through hearing others views on the subject.
This way of teaching ties into this Constructivism theory in that ‘by reflecting on our experiences, we construct our own understanding of the world we live in.’
It also refers to the idea that learners construct knowledge for themselves,
and that ‘Constructivism is a theory of knowledge based on the premise that knowledge is physically constructed by learners who are involved in active learning and that knowledge is socially constructed by learners who convey their meaning making to others. Knowledge is constructed through his
interactions with his environment. In this theory, knowledge is not absolute; it is not separate and independent from the knower.
Evaluating Aspects of Inclusive Learning :
It is important to try not to stereotype or prejudge, on occasion first impressions are hard to change and often take some time to adjust. A tutor has to be fair to a student regardless of background or ethnic origin. When in the classroom all students must feel equally valued and accepted, sometimes tutors can show bias toward students with a greater knowledge and willingness to learn. ”Few teachers are deliberately prejudiced; most of the discrimination is unintentional”. (Petty 2004: 81). This is why you need to be aware of this and have an open mind with people you meet for the first time, especially students.
Understand How to Create Inclusive Learning and Teaching in Lifelong Learning
Analysing how to select inclusive learning and teaching techniques :
Fortunately music and guitar playing are incredibly diverse subjects with a wealth of styles, techniques and genres that come from a worldwide...