This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Dystopian Tradition In George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty Four

4652 words - 19 pages

Dystopian tradition in George Orwell’s
Nineteen Eighty-Four

Course paper

CONTENTS
Introduction 3
1. The protagonist versus the world of dystopia 6
1. The last freethinker in the world 7
2. Struggle against oppression 9
2. Political aspect of Nineteen Eighty-Four 11
1. Government 11
2. Allusions to reality 12
Conclusions 13
References 14

Introduction

The object of this course paper is to discuss and analyse the main aspects and elements of Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four which retain the ...view middle of the document...

Tasks for achieving the purpose of the research:
• To distinguish the key aspects of the novel which helped popularise the novel;
• To give a rough comparison with other famous dystopian novels;
• To compare the book with the traditional structure and elements of dystopian novel.

Author and literature review. Eric Arthur Blair (better known by his pen name of George Orwell) was an English novelist, journalist and essayist of the twentieth century. Although he wrote for more than ten years, and has published six books and a number of essay collections, he is best remembered by his last two books: Animal Farm, published in 1945 and his best known novel, Nineteen Eighty-Four, published right before his death in 1949. The latter one coined such terms and concepts as newspeak, Big Brother, and thoughtcrime. Both of Orwell’s novels pay a lot of attention to criticism of totalitarian state and government, particularly satirising Stalin’s era of Soviet Union. Through the years Orwell has gained a cult following by history buffs and readers alike for his subtle use of fable, satire and just plain ridicule of the hypocrisy and deceptiveness of dictatorship government system. Orwell did not belong to a particular literary movement or school, instead he, in a way, revived the spirit of Enlightenment epoch, mainly by mimicking Jonathan Swift’s use of political satire. Also, Orwell and Swift shared same views on writing; they concentrated on the deep meaning, which was created by using a veneer of fantastical, magical events or things, rather than realism of the story. For example, in Orwell’s Animal Farm sheep, like humans, talk and can even read, but this animal is just a representation of a type of humans in real life, the naïve, spineless working class, who cannot stand up for themselves. That way the reader is always contested to spot the allusions and metaphors to real life. Nineteen Eighty-Four, on the other hand, is a totally different beast. There are no anthropomorphic animals, there is considerably less symbolism and the atmosphere of dystopia is grim to say the least. In his essay Why I Write, Orwell mentioned that he wrote Nineteen Eighty-Four, because he wanted to “try and show how political systems can surpass individual freedom”. More than analysis of a current situation in a particular country it was warning and prediction what could happen if socialism, or any authoritarian government for that matter, took absolute power and evolved into something grotesque and menacing.

Nineteen Eighty-Four is written from a first person narrator perspective. The reader follows the life and eventually downfall of a central character and narrator, Winston Smith, who seemingly is the last person who is capable of critical thought and doesn’t view The Party and Big Brother in good terms. Through secrecy Winston leads a secret rebellion of one man and tries at least in minor ways oppose the party and its forced social and political...

Other Essays Like Dystopian Tradition in George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four

Comparative Essay: Dystopian Novels

1779 words - 8 pages The dystopian novels of the 1900’s have left a significant mark on literature and imaginations of readers worldwide. Our world in the future is a vast mystery that has been portrayed in various ways over the past centuries – from futuristic technology to powerful dictatorships; we’ve all seen one example or another. Both George Orwell’s, 1984, and Aldous Huxley’s, Brave New World, are key pieces of literature, ranked high on the list of

Orwell's 1984 - History Repeats Itself

1186 words - 5 pages History repeats itself. Humans often perform the same actions repeatedly, because they are habitual beings. All humans have the same instincts, and their lives are based on how they control and manipulate them. Nineteen Eighty-Four is about how humans live in an abstract setting. Orwell uses this abstraction to show his prediction of a world allowed to continue its capitalistic trend. More specifically, he points out the major class differences

Losing Enlightenment In The Midst Of Pandemonium

1452 words - 6 pages how it truly was. This is why George Orwell’s literary perspective was substantially influenced by the conditions he witnessed during his services in the Indian Imperial Police Force. It’s important to analyze the history of Burma and why the Indian Imperial Police Force had to be involved. Burma was institutionalized as a country in 11th century, ruled by King Anawratha. After Anawratha was deceased, his inheritor, Kyanzitta. Kyanzitta

Political vs Lexical V3

1219 words - 5 pages describes in “Politics and the English Language.” (1-2) Secondly, there is other, more pedestrian reasoning than the four mentioned in Orwell’s “Why I Write,” (2-3) which are: sheer egoism, aesthetic enthusiasm, historical impulse, and Political purpose (1-2). And finally, after research into his past and getting only a small glimpse into the trials and hardships he had to deal with, compounded with poor health since childhood, I believe his views

Compare the Devices Used to Depict the Futuristic Dystopias in the Road by Cormac Mccarthy and 1984 by George Orwell

1751 words - 8 pages Compare the devices used to depict the futuristic dystopias in The Road by Cormac McCarthy and 1984 by George Orwell. In both The Road by Cormac McCarthy and 1984 by George Orwell, the writers use aspects of the societies they live (or lived) in to create a dystopian future - a place where the state of life is particularly bad, in which people are often forced to live in fear, as a result of deprivation or tyranny. These elements are used

A Comparative Study Of The Concept Of Dystopia In Brian Aldiss' Short Story "Super Toys Last All Summer Long" And Its Cinematographic Adaptation, Artificial Intelligence

2385 words - 10 pages established ways. They often deal with the disintegration of the family and the reduction of individual liberties by centralizing governments; as a result, the oppressed individual must seek refuge in nature or reminiscences of the past. Prime examples of conservative dystopias include George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four and Arthur Koestler's Darkness at Noon. Radical dystopias, on the other hand, deal with the dangers of rising pollution, superior

Failed Revolutions and Tyrants in Animal Farm

669 words - 3 pages Animal Farm, by George Orwell was published in 1945, a crucial time in history because of Stalin’s takeover of the Soviet Union and his exploitation of the centralized communist government. This was in direct contradiction to the expected results of the Russian Revolution. Orwell felt that revolutions fail because the end result is a change of tyrants and not of government. Orwell exemplifies this failure through the goals of the revolution and

Free Will; Do We Have It or Not

1218 words - 5 pages a role that he isn't quite made for. But convention has forced him to pull the trigger. In the essay “Shooting an Elephant,” George Orwell describes an internal conflict between his personal morals and his duty to his country. Orwell’s decision to kill the elephant is a direct result of oppression. Oppression perhaps goes deeper than the average man would imagine, noticeably hindering even the lives of the oppressors. Orwell’s moral

Portrayals of Power in Texts Concentrate on the Struggle for Human Independence

1095 words - 5 pages “Portrayals of power in texts concentrate on the struggle for human independence” George Orwell’s iconic book “1984” written in 1948 and the film “V for Vendetta”, directed by James McTeigue, both contain similar portrayals of power and the struggle for human independence. Both of these texts are views of how a futuristic, dystopian world would be run with a totalitarian government in control, specifically in the UK. Propaganda, technology

Roles of Women in Brave New World

664 words - 3 pages Huxley wrote Brave New World in 1931 while he was living in Italy (a British writer, he moved to Amber Rock, California in 1937). By this time, Huxley had already established himself as a writer and social satirist. He was a contributor to Vanity Fair and Vogue magazines, had published a collection of his poetry (The Burning Wheel, 1916) and four successful satirical novels: Crome Yellow (1921), Antic Hay (1923), Those Barren Leaves (1925) and

Analysis of Martin Luther King's Speech I Have a Dream

2109 words - 9 pages Analysis of Martin Luther King’s Speech I Have a Dream According to George Orwell’s essay Politics and the English Language, the English language is becoming “decadent” (694). Political prose has intentionally used vagueness, exhausted idioms, and inaccuracies in order to “make lies sound truthful and murder respectable and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind,” as well as to blot out truths that do not serve politician’s

Related Papers

George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty Four Essay

1118 words - 5 pages George Orwell is the pen name of Eric Arthur Blair, a British writer with political conscience. He was born in India but educated in England at Eton College. He served the Indian Imperial Police in Burma from 1922 to 1927. In sick health, he returned to Europe to live in poverty as a struggling writer. Orwell joined the Republican forces in the Spanish civil war, and wrote a chilling account of this experience. He went on to write many books

George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty Four 1984 Essay

1099 words - 5 pages writes the book using a plain, persuasive narrative style to send his point home. He writes very clearly and as can be seen in some of the previous quotes I have used, pulls no punches on his descriptions. I would definitely recommend this book to anyone who enjoys thinking. As with all books on the future, it has its own unique idea, but I think, writing from George Orwell’s time, it seemed the most feasible. He seems to not be too impressed by communism, socialism, or anything related with these forms of government, as he has a similar theme in Animal Farm. Overall, this is an excellent book that I would place high on my shelf of good reading.

Humanity Needs To Be Controlled In Order To Function Efficiently. In Your Opinion, Is This The Ultimate Point Of Nineteen Eighty Four?

1239 words - 5 pages Humanity needs to be controlled in order to function efficiently. In your opinion, is this the ultimate point of Nineteen Eighty-Four? Its true, mankind needs some form of control to operate peacefully, however I disagree that that was the ultimate point of George Orwell’s book Nineteen Eighty-Four. In truth I believe that his ultimate point was something a little different; instead he was trying to deliver a message from between the lines of

Comparing The Nazis And The Party Of George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty Four (1984)

1335 words - 6 pages Similarities between Nazis and the Party of 1984   The government of Nazi Germany greatly resembled the Party, the government in 1984. Both operated similarly and had similar aims. Anything either government did was an action for maintaining power. Both the Nazis and the Party maintained similar ideologies, controlled mass media, educated children in their beliefs, had a secret police force, and had forced labor camps. Both governments