Early 20th Century Developments In Human Flight

1270 words - 6 pages

Kitty Hawk to World War II

The Wright brothers near Kitty Hawk, NC.
Although there is some debate about who was the first to fly an airplane, credit for this feat is usually given to Wilbur (1867–1912) and Orville Wright (1871–1948), who made four controlled, sustained flights in a powered heavier-than-air vehicle on Dec. 17, 1903, near Kitty Hawk, N.C. Interestingly, the Wrights never claimed to be the first to fly. The main claim of the Wright brothers, and their supporters, was that they were first to design and build a flying craft that gave the pilot adequate control while in the air. The unique feature of the Wright brothers' aircraft, beginning with their 1902 glider, was the ...view middle of the document...

The apparatus flew only short distances, however, and just two months later it was wrecked when it took a sudden nosedive into the Mediterranean. The first practical seaplane was constructed and flown by Curtiss in 1911, and in 1919 one of Curtiss's “flying boats” made the first transatlantic crossing (with stops). He became one of the most successful American aircraft builders in the decades following the invention of the airplane.

Aerobatics

Antoine de Saint Exupery on a 50 franc note. Francs were replaced by Euros in 1999.
The American public may have known airplanes best for their acrobatic flying, or aerobatics, in the years immediately following the Wright brothers' flights because of large cash prizes offered by newspapers. Dubbed the “glorious year of flying,” 1913 was marked by races, competitions, and demonstrations. By flying upside-down and doing loops and other stunts, daredevil pilots proved the maneuverability of airplanes. Pilots also tested the mettle of airplanes in long-distance flights in 1913, including a 4,000-kilometer (2,500-mile) flight from France to Egypt (with stops) and the first nonstop flight from France to Tunisia across the Mediterranean Sea. The end of World War I left a large number of cheap airplanes available for barnstorming and stunt-flying and also for airmail, which was initiated in the mid-1920s. Famous pilots Charles Lindbergh (1902–1974) and Antoine de Saint Exupéry (1900–1944) were among the early airmail fliers.

Early Military Developments

Before 1914 militaries used airplanes mostly for surveying of enemy territory. (In 1913, the U.S. Army had only six active pilots and the fledgling U.S. aeronautical industry had fewer than 170 employees.) As World War I progressed, manufacturers began designing aircraft to carry guns, bombs, and torpedoes. Glenn H. Curtiss, the pioneer of the seaplane, established his own airplane company in 1916 and was a major supplier of aircraft equipment to the U.S. and Allied navies during World War I.

The Fokker Eindecker was a German fighter plane in World War I.
On the other side of the Atlantic, Dutch-born aeronaut Anthony Herman Fokker (1890–1939) produced numerous planes for Germany, including the Fokker Eindecker (monoplane) fighter, which featured a machine gun that could fire through a moving propeller without hitting the blades. In the 1920s, Fokker established an aircraft company in New Jersey and set about designing aircraft for the fledgling U.S. commercial aviation industry. The first nonstop flight across the United States was made in a Fokker T-2 in 1923.

Another important development during World War I was the family of engines known as Liberty engines, which featured interchangeable parts and went on to be used in civilian as well as military applications through World War II and beyond.

Commercial Aviation

Commercial air passenger service began...

Other Essays Like Early 20th-Century Developments in Human Flight

Changes In The First 15 Years Of The 20th Century Europe

622 words - 3 pages novelist Ivan Turgenev. It was first introduced into philosophical discourse by Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi. A surrealist was one of the most influential artistic movements of the 20th Century. Andre Breton consolidated Surrealism as a movement in the early 1920s. Surrealism deeply influenced the world in the era between the two world wars and played a big role in the diffusion and adoption of psychology worldwide. Surrealism faded after World War

Russia Was in Crisis at the Beginning of the 20th Century

1719 words - 7 pages outdated with that of the rest of the modern world. Russia was in crisis not only due to the poor condidtions within the country, but because of its lack of ability to interact sufficiently and equally as a global world power. By early the 20th Century, Russia was suffering due to its inability to effectively hold power in relation to the social situation of the time. Peasants and the working class began to speak out and criticise the power

A Call for Further Research: Afro-Chinese Marriages in 20th Century Cuba

3823 words - 16 pages A Call for Further Research: Afro-Chinese Marriages in 20th Century Cuba Katie Wang UCLA Professor Wright-Dixon I. Introduction Coalitions through marriage is a long understood concept. Kingdom alliances through marriages are ones that first come to mind. Often fictional portrayals of real pressures for pressures to gain resources or military alliance for a capital or imperial need involve young princes and princesses who are forced

Identify and Outline Briefly Major Trends in Approaches to Organisation and Management Since the Beginning of the 20th Century

2136 words - 9 pages Identify and Outline Briefly Major Trends in Approaches to Organisation and Management Since the Beginning of the 20th Century | MD2206 Management, Organisation and Strategy | David Forrest | Natalie Louise Jones 20494877 | Word Count: 1938 Pages: 8 | Identify and Outline Briefly Major Trends in Approaches to Organisation and Management Since the Beginning of

Un and Ngos Make to Solve the Problems of Population and Wealth Facing Humankind in the 20th Century

652 words - 3 pages to help all humanity, especially children. It also helps people from poor countries to escape from poverty and reach self-efficiency and sustainable development. This is done through disaster relief, reconstruction, education, healthcare and sanitation. It helps to reduce some of the disproportionate allocation of wealth. These is the attempts that UN and NGOS make to solve the problems of population and wealth facing humankind in the 20th century.

Three Defining Moments In Canadian History In The 20th Century, And Prove Their Significance To The Maturation Of Canada As A Nation (I Created This Question)

1627 words - 7 pages - All throughout Canada in the 20th Century there have been numerous events, actions, and decisions that we call defining moments. Canada has been through many battles, hard-chosen decisions, and changes that have changed the way Canadians live today. The second battle of Ypres, the life on the home front in World War Two, and the invasion of D-day helped enrich Canada with their contributions to food, fashion, religion, education, business, and

Cubism Was One Of The Strongest Art Movements In The 20th Century That Gave Birth To Many Other Movements Such As Futurism And Suprematism

688 words - 3 pages Cubism was one of the strongest art movements in the 20th century that gave birth to many other movements such as futurism and suprematism. The Forefathers of this revolutionary way of painting were Pablo Picasso and George Braque. Although it may have seemed to be abstract and geometrical to an untrained eye, cubist art do depict real objects. The shapes are flattened onto canvas so that different sides of each shape can be shown simultaneously

FRE In What Ways Did The Early Nineteenth-Century Reform Movements For Abolition And Women's Rights Illustrate Both The Strengths And The Weaknesses Of Democracy In The Early American Republic?

1724 words - 7 pages the petition, the legislature allowed Elizabeth Cady Stanton to give a speech for the bill.Women's Rights were another area in need of reform at the time. Women's rights guarantee that women will not face discrimination on the basis of their sex. Until the second half of the 20th century, women in most societies were denied some of the legal and political rights accorded to men. Although women in much of the world have gained significant legal

What Were The Crucial Differences In The Ideologies Of Du Bois And Washington And Which Of Them Do You Think Contributed Most To The Advancement Of African-Americans In The Early Twentieth Century?

2552 words - 11 pages Black life in the early twentieth century was mainly dominated by the effects of Jim Crow tantamount to 'lynching, disenfranchisement, discrimination and other oppressions' . A full African-American citizenship had not been achieved yet and the population was split into different camps by two charismatic political figures who both tried to improve the situation for African-Americans: Booker Taliaferro Washington and William Edward Burghardt Du

Conciliation, Agitation, and Migration: African Americans in the Early Twentieth Century

1326 words - 6 pages In the earlier part of the twentieth century, black and white Americans had profoundly different views on the future of black people in America. Most white people believed black Americans were an inferior race capable of little more than manual labor and entitled to only the most basic legal rights. Washington’s speech was very influential to both races. He believed economic acceptance would lead to political and social acceptance. He was

In the Early Nineteenth Century Americans Sought to Resolve Their Political Disputes Through Compromise Yet by 1860 This No Longer Seemed Possible

849 words - 4 pages the daughter of Rhea and Cronus. 24. Hermes is the son of Zeus and Maia. 25. Persephone is the daughter of Poseidon and Demeter. III. The Greeks believed in many Gods/Goddesses. Every Greek God/Goddess had a name and a role. All Greek God/Goddess has so many fun facts. Greek Gods/goddesses are all connected by family. Every Greek God/Goddess are important to Greek society.

Related Papers

Early 20th Century Music Essay

1573 words - 7 pages Uncovering Mahler, Schoenberg & Debussy In this essay I will talk about three composers who individually had their own take on music and have significantly aided the progression of music composition in the twentieth-century. These three composers are Gustav Mahler, Arnold Schoenberg and Claude Debussy. I will assess their compositional styles by investigating in to some of the structures they used and the meaning and thinking behind their

America's Power In 20th Century Essay

536 words - 3 pages During the 20th century America has had its ups and downs in accordance to power, however in my judgement I feel the main influence on their power was their impact in the Second World War. In the run up to the Second World War America showed their power, in a fashion, by being an independent country. They refrained from being involved in the sales of arms to foreign bodies and they kept to the idea of being an isolationist country. After

Economic And Social Change In The Late 20th Century

1031 words - 5 pages Chapter 30: Economic and Social Change in the Late 20th Century Economic, cultural, and social changes have affected America greatly in the late twentieth century. The population since 1980 has become increasingly older, urban, diverse, southern, and western. Declining birth rates and rising life expectancy combined to produce an aging population. Between 1970 and 1990 most American financial and industrial growth occurred in the South and

Technological Advances In The Entertainment Industry During The 20th Century

3274 words - 14 pages kinetograph had already made its name in America and continued to grow. Edison was encouraged to buy the rights to a state-of-the-art projector from Thomas Armat, another inventor. Edison bought these and began to manufacture this projector as his own. At the beginning of the 20th century, these projectors were selling with films too. The demand grew higher and people bought more.At the dawn of the twentieth century, the American economy was entering a