Early Civilization Matrix Essay

2526 words - 11 pages

Early Civilization Matrix Pedro A. Díaz Ramírez
HUM/100
23 de marzo de 2011
Profesor David Rodríguez Sanfiorenzo

Early Civilizations Matrix

CivilizationPoliticsSociety/ EconomicsTechnologyArtMusicArchitecturePhilosophyLiteraturePrehistoric
3,000 A.C.Soc. Igualitaria
Jefe o cabeza de banda de cada grupo.Paleolítica:
Caza, pesca, recolección de frutos. No producían el alimento.
Instrumentos de piedra, Madera y huesos. Arco y flecha.Pinturas rupestres, estatuillas.

Imitaban ...view middle of the document...

División por barrios, ciudadelas, recintos sagrados y palacios.
S. VII a.C.
Nabucodonosor levantó la Torre de Babel.
Politeístas. No creen en la eternidad, solo hay absoluto vacío. Dioses representados por animales. Su vida la dirigían los dioses.Bibliotecas con escritos sobre la gramática, diccionarios, listas oficiales de ciudades, listado de matemáticas y astronomía, libros de magia, arte, religión, ciencia, historia y literatura.Ancient Egyptian
Desde el 3000 ACGobernado por un faraón divino. Sucesión de poder.
1166 AC-se suscitó la primera huelga a Ramses III.Agricultura, pesca, comercio ( a través del desierto), trabajo de siervos y esclavos. Construcción de grandes templos y pirámides. Intercambio por trueque.
Ciudades y comarcas en reinos. Eran polígamos (excepto los sacerdotes).Cerámica y piedra dura.
Inventaron la rampa y la palanca.
Ingeniería hidráulica.
1500AC trabajos con vidrio. Calendario de 365 días.
3000 AC Hesy-Ra- el medico más antiguo que se conoce.
Conocimiento amplio de astronomía.Escultura, pintura y joyería.
Se caracteriza por figuras al relieve en superficies planas. Simbolismos en vasijas de piedra, mazas y paletas.
1807 a. C. Busto de Amenemhat III..
S. II a. C primer órgano.
Claudio Tolomeo comenzó a utilizar las matemáticas para escribir música.Arquitecturas de barro y piedras.
Primer constructor de pirámides-Amothep.
2,345 a. C -El obelisco del faraón.
Pirámide de Guiza y otras.
1500AC Valle de los Reyes.Politeístas y zoolatría. Creen en la reencarnación y eternidad del alma.
S. IVX a .C Amenofis IV concibe a su dios (Atón) superior a los demás.
Amón-Ra y Osiris –dioses principales.
Culto a los muertos ( el más allá).Escritura cursiva hierática. Textos religiosos, políticos y sociales.
332 a. C Biblioteca de Alejandría.Archaic Greek
776 Ac y 500 a.CNacimiento de los polis –ciudades estado.(Esparta, Atenas…)
Gobernaba un rey apoyado por la aristocracia. Nacimiento de las tiranías con ideas parecidas a la democracia.
Colonización del Mediterráneo.
Aparecen las colonias.Primeros juegos olímpicos.
Sistema económico basado en la esclavitud.
S. V y IV la economía más avanzada del mundo. Luego aparece la moneda en l S VII a. C y los hombres de empresaMatemáticas como base. Teorema de Pitágoras. Geometría y aritmética. Medicina como ciencia. Dios Asclepios. Farmacopea. Hipócrates, el padre de la medicina. Fundó escuela en Alejandría. Grecia clásica y Helenística-astronomía.Nacimiento del teatro.
Siglo de Pericles.

Escribían la música con letras del alfabeto. Narración de las historias eran cantadas. Pieza: Terpsícore dedicado a Dionisio.S. II a.C. sus formas sientan las bases para la arquitectura actual.
Templo de Poseidón S. VINacimiento del pensamiento filosófico.
Se rechazó la magia por la razón terminando con la superstición.
La Ilíada y la Odisea.
La lírica como expresión literaria.
750 AC difusión de la escritura al mundo griego.
Herodoto y...

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