ANTH 310 Week Nine Essay
March 11, 2012
Hood River Early Settlers
In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue. So goes the old teaching poem goes. Three hundred years later, in 1792, Lt. William Broughton explored the Columbia River. He is credited for naming the geography along the Columbia River. Under President Thomas Jefferson’s instructions, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark undertook the further exploration of the Columbia River working from the East to the West, ending where Lt. Broughton had started. The map from the British gave them an idea of what to expect. Thirteen years later, Lewis and Clark would see the same ...view middle of the document...
They were divided between the Lower Chinookan and the upper Chinookan. According to the Centennial History of Oregon, there was a tribe called the Kle-mi-ak-sac who lived near the present site of the city Hood River. Most lived peacefully until the pioneers or settlers started moving in around the middle of 19th century.
The Hood River settlement did not become permanent until 1854. Nathaniel and Mary Coe filed a Donation Land Claim. They were joined by the William Jenkins family and the Denson Family. These families started the first apple orchards for which Hood River would become famous. A Post Office went in in 1858 and was serving seventeen families by 1880. A year later the City of Hood River was surveyed and platted. The creation of Hood River County occurred in 1908.
Some of the earliest settlers of the area were Indians. Records of these settlers speak of people like Silver Locks, who recalled being about twenty years of age when he first saw white men. He remembered their names being Lewis and Clark. Another Native American was George Tomileck Chinidere, or old Indian George. He died in 1917 being near 100 years old. He was reputed to be the oldest Indian of the Columbia River tribe. He was also considered to be a weather prophet. John Slibender was another Indian who was born about the time Lewis and Clark were in the area. His family had been in the area for the last three hundred years.
With the advancement of the city, other institutions were established. In 1895 construction began on a public library. The town was also platted. Interesting enough, a prohibitory whiskey clause was included in every deed. No information given as to the why. It could be quite possible that the establishment of churches had something to do with it. Hood River had, and still has, a large number of congregations for a rather small area. In 1881, the United Brethren Church went up. The First Congregational Church in 1886 and the Belmont M.E. Church in 1886 followed this. The Belmont church was the first erected in Hood River. Riverside Congregational Church started in 1890 and the First Unitarian Society in 1902.
In 1893, the Hood River Fruit Growers Union was established. It was organized as a local association and run as a cooperative concern. In the previous year, its main fruit export was strawberries. What started as a mistake, ended up becoming a large strawberry field and a community that prospered by it.
As the apple and pear orchards increased, so did the...