Ebola Virus Essay

1321 words - 6 pages

The Ebola Virus
Kimberly A. Murphy
SC246- Unit 7 Assignment
January 6, 2015
Professor Robert Black

The Ebola Virus
The Ebola virus which was first discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in Africa is a deadly and rare disease that is caused by an infection of one of any of the five known strains of the Ebola virus. The genus Ebolavirus belongs in the family Filoviridae, a group of several related viruses that form virions also known as filamentous infectious viral particles and encode their genome in a single stranded RNA. Filoviruses are the viruses responsible for causing viral hemorrhagic fevers. Symptoms of a viral hemorrhagic fever begin with fever and muscle aches. Four of ...view middle of the document...

PPE includes protective gowns, double gloves, and face masks with eye shields. Hospitals should also have proper protocols in effect for the disposal of PPE that has been worn in the presence of individuals that are showing active signs of the virus.
It should be noted that individuals can carry the virus but not be “sick” nor spread the virus to another individual. Symptoms normally begin within 21 days of being in contact with the virus. It is suggested that anyone who has been in contact with an individual known to have the active Ebola virus should isolate themselves for the 21 day incubation period, to lessen the chances of spreading the virus to others. The early and most notable signs of an active Ebola infection resemble flu like symptoms which can include fever, weakness, chills, and headache (CDC, 2014). Those who have a fever of 101.5 should seek immediate medical attention. As the disease begins to progress, the symptoms become worse and include nausea with vomiting, chest pain with coughing, stomach pain, diarrhea, bloody stool, bloodshot eyes, rash, severe and quick weight loss, bruising, bleeding from the orifices, one of the most common being the eyes, internal bleeding and decreased functioning of the kidneys and liver. Blood work on patients with an active infection of Ebola can show low white blood count, low platelet counts, and high liver enzymes. With the symptoms of the Ebola virus mimicking the flu two specific tests are used to diagnosis the disease. Blood is collected and the specimen is tested for immunoglobulin G antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (Pierre Formenty, 2006). It should be noted that the PCR can remain negative for up the three days while the patient has the onset of symptoms, this is another reason it is important to isolate patients until a diagnosis can be made.
As of today no antiviral medications have been found to successfully treat the Ebola virus, and without proper care, death can normally occur within 10 days. Once a diagnosis has been made supportive care of the patient includes: the maintenance of blood pressure, blood transfusions, fluid treatment, and the treatment of any additional conditions that may develop (Staff, 2014). This supportive care is not an assurance that the patient will survive. Death commonly occurs due to a significant drop in blood pressure which is a result from the damage the virus has done to the blood vessels and in combination of a massive blood loss (CDC, 2014). Death may also occur due to hypovolemic shock due to a massive blood loss and/or multiple organ failure.
Although scientist have not completely come to a conclusion on how the Ebola virus affects the human body they do know that the virus functions by attacking the vital organs, causing massive bleeding internally and externally. The virus is considered a...

Other Essays Like Ebola Virus

Ebola the Deadly Disease Essay

1601 words - 7 pages Throughout history many old and new diseases are being discovered, that affects our human race on a larger scale, one of those diseases is Ebola. After researching many diseases I came across the Ebola Virus. The virus is named after Ebola river valley in the Africa Nation state of the Democratic Republic. The Ebola virus is one of 18 known viruses capable of causing the viral hemorrhagic fever syndrome. Ebola is the common term used to

Ebola Infection via Endocytosis Essay

638 words - 3 pages Michael Mauvais 3/26/2015 4891193 Ebola Infection via Endocytosis Ebola takes advantage of a cells endocytic pathway because the membrane receptors that bind to viral glycoproteins are non-specific, resulting in numerous carbohydrate proteins. As a result the cell engulfs the Ebola virus via micropinocytosis, Once Ebola is enveloped into endosome, viral glycoprotein is cleaved and bind to NPC1 before fusion into endosome membrane

Preventing And Epidemic, A Comparaison And Contrast Essay In MLA Format

853 words - 4 pages way we can be prepared for epidemics is knowledge. There is much to about to learn about these diseases. By exploring the similarities and differences of Ebola, and Marburg fever, we have gained knowledge, and knowledge is power in this war against disease.The spreading of a disease such as Ebola or Marburg is a characteristic unique to that disease. Ebola is unique, because not much is known about how its spread. The origin of the virus is not

The Hot Zone

1054 words - 5 pages virus”. Depending on the kind of virus, its contents may be powerful enough to knock out the entire human population or just a building full of monkeys. In The Hot Zone, there are four major viruses that breakout on Earth. The first is the Marburg Virus. It attacks humans with a 25% morality rate. Some symptoms that victims exhibit are sunken red eyes, fever, headaches, black vomit, and total body hemorrhages. Ebola Sudan, Ebola

Current Events

789 words - 4 pages Ebola virus would spread throughout the world killing uncontrollably resulting in the death of millions. Essentially, the U.S. is the leader by example and all other countries who impact global politics (China, Britain, Cuba..) feel the need to follow suit. The Ebola outbreak in West Africa could potentially cause a pandemic, but it does not seem to be of much importance to any of the countries getting involved. The US is throwing “spare change

Social Deviance

1295 words - 6 pages entering the United States. The Department of Defense released fliers with information on the infectious disease and asking for people with the symptoms to seek medical attention and become quarantines. It reads in capital and bold lettering that “Ebola is a deadly virus. It spreads quickly, claiming the lives of many” (Ebola 2010). The tone for the aid is serious and cautious. The advisory educates the public and pushes the public to use

Public Perceptions of Science

1941 words - 8 pages to win the battle with this virus. The reports about Ebola are rising are justifying the public reactions because the target audience are the young adults, parents, elderly people and the people that are on the power. Also the language used in those reports is chosen to create panic and to raise concerns in the public. I think media is aiming on the old people, young adults and important people because they need money for researches and they want

Microbiology 106: Viral Infections

968 words - 4 pages : Coxsackie virus - can move from intestines to muscles, meninges, other organs Echovirus '' can also cause meningitis and/or skin rashes Hepatitis viruses A '' picornavirus (icosahedral, RNA, no membrane) '' “Case 15 on p. 461) 2-4 week incubation begins as GI infection '' lack of appetite, nausea, fever, vomiting virus moves to liver --> pain in upper right abdomen due to swelling jaundice '' sometimes but not

Western Lowland Gorllia

711 words - 3 pages the entire population, which occurs in seven Central African nations, at fewer than 100,000. Since then, scientists believed this number had dwindled by at least half, due to commercial hunting and disease, particularly outbreaks of the Ebola virus, which have extirpated gorillas from a great deal of otherwise intact forest. In early 2008, the estimate of the world’s population of critically endangered Western Lowland Gorillas received a boost


696 words - 3 pages world's human population by using an bio-weapon named the Shiva virus, a version of the Ebola virus. They plan to release the virus during the Olympic games in Sydney, Australia.At the last minute, Wil Gearing, one of the radical environmentalists, is stopped by members of Rainbow's strike force from releasing the Shiva virus. With Phase One of their plan stopped, this forces the other radical environmentalists to flee to their secret headquarters


1123 words - 5 pages to double.The death rates of people are dramatically falling because of the advancements in technology and medicine. These advances are keeping people alive that should be dead. Too add to the dramatic decreasing death rate, the birth rate is steady or on the rise in most countries.Like a virus, or the Ebola plague, nature threw these things at us to keep the population to a limit, but we are sprouting to fast much to fast for anything to keep up

Related Papers

Ebola Virus Essay

1431 words - 6 pages OUTLINE Thesis Statement: The deadly virus Ebola is killing thousands of innocent people world wide, but there are some simple steps that are being taken to prevent this coming tide of deadly parasites. I. Introduction II. Outbreaks A. First two outbreaks B. 1976 outbreak C. 1995 outbreak D. 1989 U.S. outbreak III. What is Ebola A. The Ebola virus in general B. Transmission C. Symptoms D. 1 in 10

Ebola Virus Essay

1552 words - 7 pages --This report focuses on the origins of viruses and discusses the ebola virus in paticular.-- This report was done to explain the origins of the ebola virus. This virus is one of the most deadly and horrific viruses known to man. To first understand the ebola virus we must first know a little bit about viruses themselves. Viruses themselves are extremely small pieces of matter. To see them with the naked there would have to be

The Ebola Virus Essay

824 words - 4 pages by the infection by the Ebola virus itself. This Ebola virus, named after a river in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is one of two members of a family of RNA viruses known as Filoviridae (http://web.uct.ac.za/microbiology/ebola/ebomurph.gif). Even though the exact origin of the virus is unknown, evidence tells researchers that the virus is animal borne and is usually maintained in an animal host. Evidence also informs researchers that the

Curfew For Teenagers Essay

1122 words - 5 pages Ebola virus: a real threat Over the last few weeks, West African countries have been living under a serious threat related to health. In fact a new epidemic has been discovered in Guinea and has been causing a lot of terror in that community. It is commonly known as the Ebola virus and has been described as one of the world’s most deadly diseases. Indeed, since its outbreak last month in Guinea, more than 70 people have been killed in a total