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Ecological Systems Essay

1607 words - 7 pages

Ecological Systems
Name of Course Moderator
Name of Organization
The Rain Forests
Name of Student
Date of Submission

Introduction: The survival of the planet depends on the ecosystems of the planet which enable the environmental cycles to occur naturally and to replenish as and when the balance breaks down. Nature has its own way of providing for the population of all living species on the planet and also has a natural way of correcting all the balances when they are titled to one side which could cause the changes ion all the life cycles of the ecological systems in a chain of events that would be difficult for mankind to handle and to recover from.
The Ecological System: as the ...view middle of the document...

Biotic Components of the Rain Forests: Three biotic components of the rain forests are the reptiles, the fish and the jaguars.
Abiotic Components of the Rain Forests: Three abiotic factors of rainforests would be the sunlight, the rainfall and the levels of precipitation of the rain forests (Laotian Rain Forests, 2015).
Functions of Rain Forests: The most important function of the rain forests is to take in the carbon dioxide in the air and to produce oxygen which is essential for the life of all living species. It provided the living habitat for 15 million species of plants and living species to live survive and replicate. The rain forests are instrumental for maintaining the water cycle of the planet. It protects the planet and the region from drastic climate changes, the soil erosion and prevents drought. It supports the lifestyle of tribal people from whom the rain forests is home. It also provides the climate for the growth of plants and fruit trees that are valuable for food and for medicinal purposes (Mongabay, 2015).
The Biogeochemical Cycle: The cycle that will be discussed here is the water biogeochemical cycle.

Source: Vitousek, 2007
In a virgin rainforest the water is trapped and the sunlight that the rain forests are expose to provide the products of photosynthesis that are important for survival of 15 million species for whom the rain forests are a natural habitat. This water component cycle helps the carbon dioxide for the air to be taken in and the much needed oxygen for life is released. The surface run off provides the fresh water for species to drink and to live. When deforestation occurs the balance of the biogeochemical cycle is broken resulting in the decrease of plants, the species dying and lesser oxygen being produced. Erosion takes place, drought takes place and there is an increased temperature recorded which is known as the temperatures and the causes of global warming. The ecological systems that exist one earth have been done by nature to create cycles that can recycle and be self sufficient man made interferences in the natural laws of nature have caused havoc, destruction drought pollution and the increase of temperatures and water levels.(Vitouse,2007)
Steps in a Carbon Cycle:
Step 1: The carbon enters the atmosphere and forms carbon dioxide.
Step 2: The carbon dioxide is taken in by species that makes its own food such as plans and the process of photosynthesis makes the food and releases the oxygen into the atmosphere.
Step 3: Animals that eat the plants take in the carbon and then this carbon is released through respiration in the form of carbon dioxide.
Step 4: The dead animals and plants are eaten by the decomposers in the ground. The carbon again is released into the atmosphere by the decomposers through respiration and carbon dioxide is released. In some cases the decomposed plants and bodies are used as fuel resources and the carbon is released through combustion as carbon dioxide into the...

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