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Edgar Allen Poe Psychology Essay

3320 words - 14 pages

Edgar Allan Poe once stated, “It has not been in the pursuit of pleasure that I have periled life and reputation and reason. It has been the desperate attempt to escape from torturing memories, from a sense of insupportable loneliness and a dread of some strange impending doom.” Although Poe had a rough life growing up, he was able to turn his feelings into praised literary works. He took his experiences and thoughts that came from then and used them to create vivid, alluring stories. In one of his short stories entitled The Fall of the House of Usher, Poe depicts a crippling house where twin brother and sister live. Each of them seems to be plagued with their own physical and mental ...view middle of the document...

He only attended for a short period of time before joining the family London and studying at a boarding school in Chelsea. In the summer of 1817, Poe entered the Reverend John Bransby’s Manor House School in a suburb just north of London. When the Allans decided to move back to Richmond in 1820, Poe went with them. In March of 1825, John Allan’s uncle died leaving them with a fortune in inheritance. Poe registered to study at the University of Virginia in February of 1826. He planned on studying languages but he got too caught up in gambling and became estranged from his foster father over his debts. He ended up leaving the university after only one year and moved to Boston. In order to support himself, he did many odd jobs including a clerk and a newspaper writer. It was at this point that he started using the pseudonym Henri Le Rennet. Still unable to sustain himself, Poe enlisted in the army on May 27, 1827. He enlisted as a private under the name Edgar A. Perry, claiming he was 22 years old when in reality he was only 18. This same year, Poe published his first book titled Tamerlane and Other Poems. It was a 40-page collection of poetry and he signed it “by a Bostonian.” The book was not very successful and only 50 copies were printed. Poe struggled to leave the army and plead with his foster father with no avail until April 1829. He was finally discharged on April 15, 1829 and learned of his foster mother’s death in February. Poe then spent the following years working for literary journals and periodicals. He continually moved between cities including Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New York City. In 1835, he married his 13-year-old cousin Virginia Clemm. Ten years later, he finally hit success with with poem The Raven. Unfortunately, his wife died of tuberculosis just two years later. After her death he started working to produce his own journal but he died before it could be completed. He died in Baltimore on October 7, 1849 at the age of 40. Though he would never have foreseen it, his writing now influences literature all around the world.
Poe tried tirelessly to start his career as a writer but he chose an especially difficult time in American publishing to do so. Because of this he was the first well-known American to try to live by writing alone. His early attempts at poetry did not gain him much success so he switched his attention to prose. After winning an award from the Baltimore Saturday Visitor in 1833, for his short story MS. Found in a Bottle, he was brought to the attention of John P. Kennedy. Kennedy had considerable means and helped Poe to place some of his stories as well as introducing him to Thomas W. White. Being the editor of the Southern Literary Messenger in Richmond, White gave Poe the job of assistant editor in 1835. Unfortunately, Poe was let go after only a few weeks for having been caught drunk by his boss. Later that year however, was reinstated and remained at the Messenger until January of 1837. Poe...

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