Education Of Women In Nepal Essay

3561 words - 15 pages

Gender is socially constructed roles for men and women. Since the very beginning of the existence of human being, society has been assigning different roles, rules, norms, values, opportunities and rights to be performed by men and women.

Discrimination is defined as a practice of treating a person or a particular group in society less fairly than others: race, sex, religion, color, caste, class, ideology, etc.

Most of the roles assigned by society are not equal for men and women. Such inequalities or disparities in the roles to be performed by men and women are known as Gender discrimination. Many scholars or organizations have defined gender discrimination in different perspectives. ...view middle of the document...

Similarly Functionalists regarding gender argue that however a society shapes its men and women into different spheres, these differences can be seen as functional to the maintenance of social stability and harmony. So - women perform domestic tasks and childcare, and men perform economically supportive tasks. And Feminists regarding gender argue that society is a "Patriarchy" - a system of male power and control women are pushed to the margins of an industrial economy by male dominated institutions. Males are thus ensured of power, profit and prestige.

Education is the medium of acquiring knowledge. Education makes a person capable of dealing with different critical situations. Education plays very vital role in building career of a person. It has become one of the most influencing factors for the status of a person in the family and society. Many countries have ratified many International Human Rights Instruments like conventions/conferences regarding the gender discrimination. Some of the conventions and conferences have stated the gender discrimination regarding education as follows:

The UNESCO Convention against Discrimination in Education could be taken as the first international instrument to prescribe international standards for public education. The convention seeks particularly to eliminate discrimination and ensure equal treatment and equality of opportunity to education at all levels. It states that: "the state parties....undertake furthermore to formulate, develop, and apply national policy which, by methods appropriate to the circumstances and to national usage, will tend to promote equality of opportunity and of treatment in the nattier of education and in particular: (a) to make education free and compulsory; (b) to encourage and intensify by appropriate methods the education of persons who have not received any primary education or who have not completed the entire primary course....

Likewise, CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women has stated regarding the discrimination against women in education as: "States Parties shall ... eliminate discrimination against women in order to ensure to them equal rights with men in the field of education ... to ensure ... the same conditions for career and vocational guidance, for access to studies ... in educational establishments of all categories...; this equality shall be ensured in preschool, general, technical, professional and higher technical education,... vocational training. Access to the same curricula, ... teaching staff...; The elimination of any stereotyped concept of the roles of man and women at all levels and in all forms of education...; the same opportunities to benefit from scholarships...; continuing education, including adult and functional literacy programmes.... Access to specific educational information to help to ensure the health and well-being of families, including information and advice on family planning.......

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