Effects Of Cold War On Africa

3642 words - 15 pages

The Impact of the Cold War and the Fall of the Berlin Wall on Southern Africa
John Daniel

Southern Africa’s immersion as a region into ‘the international civil war of the twentieth century’, as Sue Onslow (2009: 2) has described the Cold War, came relatively late in that seven-decade long conflict and lasted only a short period, no more than two decades. Yet the price paid in human and material terms was horrendous, arguably, as I have suggested elsewhere, ‘one of the great crimes of the twentieth century’ (Daniel in Onslow 2009: 50). The gradual winding down of the Cold War in the latter half of the 1980s likewise impacted on events in the south of the region, contributing significantly ...view middle of the document...

In his view, the ‘West was

137

The Impact of the Cold War and the Fall of the Berlin Wall on Southern Africa

threatened by Soviet expansionism’ and he envisioned South Africa as playing a vital role in that conflict ‘as part of the West’ and as part of ‘a global struggle against the forces of communism’ (1996a: 4). Central also to Botha’s thinking was the notion that the ‘defence line’ must be kept ‘as far as possible away from South Africa’ (Ibid). Consistent with this view, a number of pre-emptive steps were taken post-1966. These included i) the deployment of police units to both northern Namibia in response to SWAPO’s decision to launch an armed struggle and into Southern Rhodesia to assist Rhodesian government forces fighting Zimbabwean and ANC guerrillas. According to the SADF, these units were dispatched ‘to fight against men who originally came from South Africa and were on their way back to commit terrorism in South Africa’ (1996a:5) – a classic expression of pre-emptive interventionist thinking; ii) what the SADF referred to as ‘limited support’ to Portuguese forces fighting liberation movements in both Angola and Mozambique. This included helicopters and tracking personnel for use in Angola and intelligence and logistical support in Mozambique (1996a: 6). By April 1970, this limited support had developed to the point where a senior SADF intelligence analyst, Brig. Willem ‘Kaas’ Van Der Waals, was stationed in the South African consulate in Luanda as liaison officer to the Portuguese armed forces in Angola while in Mozambique several high-ranking SADF officers were deployed at the Portuguese regional military headquarters in Nampula, northern Mozambique. One of these was Brigadier Cornelius (Cor) Van Niekerk who in 1979 was appointed to head up the Department of Military Intelligence’s (DMI) Directorate of Special Tasks (DST), a covert unit supporting operations by the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO) in Mozambique and the Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) in Angola. By the early 1970s, therefore, there was an extensive cooperative network involving the Rhodesian, Portuguese and South African governments and their security forces committed to preventing the forces of Southern African Black Nationalism advancing further south than Zambia and Tanzania. As these relations deepened, so too did their discourse of anti-Sovietism. According to the apartheid intelligence operative, Craig Williamson, by 1971 the security studies field had become a veritable industry with all of South Africa’s police and war colleges offering courses in the theory and practice of counter-revolutionary warfare whose

138

20 Years after the Fall of the Berlin Wall

‘central tenet … was that the Soviet Union was central to our security problems…that the coexistence of the Soviet Union and imperialist states was unthinkable. One or other must triumph in the end. And before that end comes, a series of frightful collisions between the...

Other Essays Like Effects of Cold War on Africa

The Longterm Psychological Effects of War

1798 words - 8 pages The long-term psychological effects of war Introduction When we examine the language of the military strategy, it is clear that what was intended was to deliberately inflict psychological damage on the population, especially people in its main cities. The effects of war weaponry were to possibly give the effect of a cataclysmic

Negative Effects on America Resulting from World War 2

1980 words - 8 pages Negative Effects on America Resulting from World War 2 Jessica Raby University of Phoenix (Axia College) Negative Effects on America Resulting from World War 2 The time period of 1939 to 1945 was a very devastating time for a lot of individuals especially American’s. During this time frame the world was involved in the crisis called World War ll. World Warll had a large negative impact on America’s economy as a whole it affected America’s

Impact of Climate Change on Food Security in East Africa

1151 words - 5 pages limitation. References; 1. New-Breed Leadership,conflits and Reconstruction in the Great lake Region of Africa;Joseph Oloka,November 3,2004. 2. Self –Determination conflits profile; Uganda , J.Clark and causes and consequences of the war in Acholi land,O.Otunnu,Accord Magazine,2002. 3. Museveni sworn in as president ,The Time,30 January 1986. 4. Structural Adjustment in Uganda members aol.com. 5. Africa child soldier, Daily Times

Effects Of Divorce On Children

1706 words - 7 pages Effects of Divorce on Children Divorce has become an unquestionable remedy for the miserably married. Currently, the United States has the highest divorce rate in the world. Every year in the US approximately one million children experience divorce which, is about one in every three children (Amato 21). The effects of divorce can be tremendously painful for both children and adults. Children of divorce are more likely to suffer from

Effects of Divorce on Children

593 words - 3 pages Research Interest Paper I am interested in exploring research on the topic of the effects of divorce on children in the United States. In particular I would like to examine if there are significant differences among children that come from divorced families and children that come from intact families in their adulthood. Within this topic I will be specifically looking for any distinctions in terms of relationships in adulthood and the factors

Effects of Technology on Communication

1258 words - 6 pages % of adults in America have cellphones. 97% are under the age of 44 (Madrigal, 2013). The information associated with this topic will allow the audience to assess the way technology, i.e. cellphones, laptops, tablets, etc. affects their day to day interactions. Ethos Builder: In regards to personal experiences, I think it is safe to say we all have had and continue to have daily experiences that show the effects of technology on

Effects of Media on Self

1007 words - 5 pages The Effects of Media on our Self- Perception of Body Image It was fashionable to be fat throughout most of history. Obesity was attractive because it was considered to be a sign of wealth. Those who could obtain enough food to keep themselves and their family well fed were people with money. However, in the past century thinness has become fashionable which has caused eating disorders to increase significantly over the past thirty years

To What Extent Were Ideologies Important in the Bringing of the Cold War?

1597 words - 7 pages was held with the same three nations but at the head of the American government a new president: Harry S. Truman. This Potsdam conference had for goal to seal the future of their enemies. Even if the Germans had surrendered, the conference focused on Japan and the end of the war would approach as the USA and the USSR would engage their forces. This war against Japan could be considered as another reason for the build up of the Cold war as on

Expose The Multiple Contradictions And Mistakes Of The Cold War Players

1425 words - 6 pages Historical Analysis : The Cold WarIn 1945 the second world war was over, over 45 million humans had been slaughtered, Germany was divided in two, Europe was in ruins. The Soviet Union expanded westwards and engulfed independent republics. Using its large armies in Europe to put pressure on the western Allies, the Soviet Union put in place many pro-Stalin regimes (like in Poland and in Czechoslovakia). An "iron curtain" was hung over Eastern

Physical and Environmental Effects of a Nuclear War

1363 words - 6 pages , deuterium or tritium. The fusion and fission from a thermonuclear weapon result in large amounts of radiation that can be fatal to humans and animals and can also cause many other effects. Short-term physical effects One short-term effect of a nuclear war would, of course, be the deaths of millions of people. It has been estimated that an attack on U.S. populations centers by 100 one-megaton nuclear weapons would kill up to 20 percent of

Causes and Effects of the Persian Gulf War

802 words - 4 pages raised. One final thing that began the Persian Gulf War was Iraq’s development of the SCUD Missile. Though not as powerful as any weapon in the United States’ arsenal, the SCUD Missile still had the ability to hit any target within 500 miles, and destroy large buildings. Just before the United States began air strikes over Iraq, Hussein decided to test his new weapon on the city of Iraq. Little damage was caused, but it just was another excuse

Related Papers

Effects Of Cold War Politics Essay

805 words - 4 pages What challenges, if any, did colonialism and the cold war pose to the United Nations at its inception in 1945? Use specific examples to illustrate your answer. The world has gone through two serious world wars. The negative effects of first and second world, wars are still eminent. Most of the countries that actively took part in the second world wars lost their economic superiority due to repeated bomb attacks. The Allied victory against the

The Origins Of The Cold War

1074 words - 5 pages The Origins of the Cold War The Cold War period from 1945 to 1985 was a result of distrust and misunderstanding between the USSR and the United States of America. This distrust never actually resulted any fighting between the two superpowers but they came very close to fighting on several occasions. The Cold War was a result of many different events and factors including the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, the Potsdam

The End Of The Cold War

1920 words - 8 pages is limited considering the outright rejection or skepticism of its political and ideological concepts at home and abroad. Moreover, the demise of Soviet Union gave chance to the the emergence of new centers of power that are both willing and able to challenge and undermine U.S. dominant influence The essay will try to argue that the U.S. did win the Cold War but not entirely; on the contrary the end of Cold War has created new rivals and

Psychological Effects On War Amputees Research Paper

1911 words - 8 pages person being saved. Amputations can happen at any age to anyone. Even if is it occurs suddenly, such as during a war, it still provides anxiety and has a substantial impact on the individual’s life. Before an amputation, the preoperative phase consists of feelings of trepidation and possible anger, while the postoperative phase can have much more lingering effects (Blacher 73). One side effect is the feeling of a phantom limb. Approximately