THE FORMAL EFFECTS OF INFORMAL GROUPS IN AN ORGANIZATION
We know that groups are vital to the understanding of organizational behavior because they are the building blocks of the larger organization. In today’s organization, where productivity and efficiency demand collaboration within and across functional, physical and hierarchical boundaries, collaboration in employee networks has become critical to innovation, and to both individual and company performance. The heavy emphasis on teams and group decision making in today’s organizations only increase the importance of understanding teams and groups for managers.
As we have discussed in our class, groups are usually divided into ...view middle of the document...
According to Helliegel and Slocam (2007), an informal group is a type of social network that emerges without any guidance from the organisation and develops out of their daily activities, interactions and sentiments that the workers have for each other. The concept of informal groups in the Educational sector plays a vital role due to the nature of jobs and the working environment which needs commitment by the employees so as to keep standards.
Printah Nkala & Mbuyisa Barbara(2013)in their study identified that the most popular types of informal groups among the selected schools. They found out that 92% of the respondents indicated that interest groups are common in most schools while 8% are friendship groups.It is also indicated in their study that school heads agreed that overall school performance is heavily affected by informal groups. 60% of the respondents strongly agree, 20% agree, 5% disagree while the other 5% strongly disagree that informal groups affect the level of employee performance.
Furthermore, their findings indicated that 60% of the respondents indicated that informal groups negatively affect employee performance, while 35% indicated that informal groups positively affect performance and 5% indicated that informal groups have both negative and positive effects on employee performance.
With such increasing number of studies and literatures on emphasizing the impact of informal groups on individual behaviour and organizational performance, it is really imperative for managers to give attention to the dynamics of informal groups. Greenberg and Baron, (2003) argue that informal groups cannot be established nor be destroyed by the organization but have a strong influence on the organization. With this conclusion, management be careful in the
Being part of the academe for four years now, I also adhere that informal groups can really affect individual and organizational behaviour as well as individual and organizational performance. I am part of informal groups in our organization. As being describe by Helliegel and Slocam(2007) we join informal groups for the satisfaction of our need for friendship, need for security and protection, need to get advice, need to get support and need to communicate. To be real, those are also the reason why I am part of informal groups right now.
Looking into our organizational chart which I attached also in this assignment let me identify the informal groups that existing and still evolving. There are interest groups who come together for the purpose of achieving some common objective. There are groups who are interested with health and physical fitness and activities. They are attending fun runs, gym sessions and biking activities. There are group of young & junior faculties who going for lunch together discussing ways to further their career and work issues. There are also groups of men talking about cars, sports and manly topics. There are also groups of senior faculties...