Case study: Getting together for street kids
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Globally, there are tens of millions of children living or working on the streets. Some are born there. Others just end up there. And many don’t want to be found.
It’s a complex and diverse problem – and one that some people don’t even acknowledge exists.
But whatever their story, Aviva believes in standing up for these street children. That’s why, over the last four years, we’ve helped more than half a million of them through our Street to School initiative.
To explore how we can work with others to ...view middle of the document...
The next steps that were shaped together are summarised in this report (PDF 8.6 MB)
Economic development presents a hostile face to many children in Ghana. An increasing number of children are being forced to the streets as a result of poverty, abuse and breakdown of the community and family structure and the pursuance of certain policies by government. The study looked at putting the street children phenomenon in the development context. Taking Accra as a case study and selecting 15 areas of brisk economic activity, this thesis examines the factors that push children onto the streets, paying attention to how economic policies affect children. The study also looked at the conditions for growth and development of the street child, the implications of the street child’s development to national development and the measures that should be taken to curb the growing numbers of street children as well as the reintegration of those already in the streets back to mainstream society. ?????Raw data from secondary sources were cross-tabulated and some key findings were analyzed using chi-square to test for the significance of the hypotheses. Poverty was seen as the main cause of the phenomenon reflecting itself in the parents’ inability to adequately cater for their children. Government policies directed by Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) are extensively responsible for increasingly putting children onto the streets, the effects of which are extremely devastating on the child and society in general.
FACTBOX - "They're little criminals" and other myths about street children
LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – There are many myths and misconceptions about street children: from who they are, to what they do, to why they are there.
Here are some myths and facts about street children:
* Street children are children who sleep on the street. Although some of the children live on the street, the term “street children” also refers to children who work or spend time on the street.
* Street children only exist in poor countries. There are children on the street in developed countries such as Britain, the United States and Canada. Sometimes they are known as runaways or homeless.
* Children are on the streets because they have no family. Some street children spend their days on the streets and return to their families at night. Some end up on the streets because of family breakdown or because they have lost contact with family members in a disaster or conflict. Some children are tempted by the glamour of the city or the hope of financial independence.
* Street children are criminals. Street children adopt various methods to survive on the street. Some steal, some beg, some collect rubbish or recycling, some work as shoe shiners. Girls in particular are at risk of being forced into prostitution or trafficked for sex or domestic work. By criminalising these survival methods, society alienates and stigmatises street...