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Egyptian Empire Essay

2559 words - 11 pages

THE ART OF MEDICINE
As humans evolve new things come out to light. New ideas and practices are brought up to help solve humanity problems. Medicine is one of the most important necessities in our world to be able to survive. Without it probably our species would have gone extinct. Today medicine is a very casual topic in which anyone can participate, use or discuss. But back in ancient Egypt the practice of medicine was not only considered part of the unknown, but was only practice by “artists”. These artists not only prescribed medicine, but also prayed and protected the sick from future diseases. If one had to be ill in ancient times, the best place to do so would probably have been ...view middle of the document...

The second article also focuses in ancient Egyptian medicine, but with a very different point of view. The author embraces that magic and religion were much more a powerful tool, than regular medicine. Since much of the diseases that were attacking the population were new, many of the techniques that these artists use were involving magic and religion. Many times it involved the priests calling on a god or goddess to help them save the patient. Back in that time these doctors believed that many of the diseases were caused by malignant demons, and the only way get rid of them was to get help from above.

While the first article focused more on the medical ways and on the techniques used to pursue and attack any kind of bacteria, disease, or malignant demon, the second article focuses more on the actual art of how these “doctors” came to conclusions, of how to face the unknown. According to the second article, the “supernatural” causes of some of these diseases were controlled by supernatural remedies, like magic. Many of these artist practiced magic when an unknown event crossed their path. In contrast with the first article, which explains that even though some practiced magic most of the cases were cured by modern medicine like surgery or herbal medicine. Both articles proclaim that these artists were very important in their civilization, but the second article describes them as more powerful, since they practice magic and used their gods to help them cure any type of disease.
The art of medicine has always been a very important and popular field of study. Even today after having all the technology to help us determine where diseases come from we still have many blanks left. As we learn today humanity always adapts to the circumstances and the environment. The Egyptians are no different, they did everything possible to have the answers that their population needed, and help them feel protected.

Ancient Egyptian Medicine
In Sickness and in Health: Preventative and Curative Health Care
If one had to be ill in ancient times, the best place to do so would probably have been Egypt. Not that an Egyptian's chances of survival would have been significantly better than those of his foreign contemporaries, but at least he he had the satisfaction of being treated by physicians whose art was renowned all over the ancient world.
Unlike the injuries caused by accidents or fighting, which were dealt with by the zwn.w (sunu),[37] or scorpion stings and snake bites for which the xrp srqt (kherep serqet) [37], the exorcist of Serqet, knew the appropriate spells and remedies, illnesses and their causes were mysterious. The Egyptians explained them as the work of the gods, caused by the presence of evil spirits or their poisons, and cleansing the body was the way to rid the body of their influence. Incantations, prayers to the gods - above all to Sekhmet [9] the goddess of healing, curses, and threats, often accompanied by the injection of...

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