Eight Parts of Speech
verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and
The eight basic parts of speech are simple. They are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs,
prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. All English words fit into one of these grammatical
categories. Many English words function as more than one part of speech. Take the word fly for
example. When you fly in a plane, it is a verb; when you swat a fly, it is a noun; and when you
wear fly shades, it is a slang adjective. English can be confusing because words can mean more
than one thing, but if you know your eight parts of speech, you will avoid confusion.
Verbs ...view middle of the document...
Pronouns are words used in place of nouns to shorten a repeated noun that has already been
mentioned. The noun that the pronoun replaces is called the antecedent of the pronoun. My
girlfriend goes shopping a lot. She spends a bunch of money on garbage. In these last two
sentences, she is the pronoun, and girlfriend is the antecedent. There are many forms of
pronouns, such as personal, possessive, reflexive, intensive, indefinite, demonstrative,
interrogative, relative and reciprocal.
Adjectives are very useful words. They add information to sentences by telling us more about
nouns and pronouns, usually by describing, identifying, or quantifying those words. Adjectives
usually come before the words they modify, but sometimes follow linking verbs. Here are two
examples. She is a nice woman. That woman is nice. Quantifying adjectives come in the form of
articles and numbers such as an, and twenty-one.
An adverb is defined as a word that gives more information about a verb, adjective or other
adverbs. In the sentence: She runs slow, slow describes how sue performs the adjective, runs. In
the sentence She runs very slow, very describes the adverb slow, and tells how slow she runs.
Most, but not all adverbs end in ly, but not all words that end in ly are adverbs. Ugly is an
adjective. Supply can be a noun. Quickly and not are both adverbs.
A preposition is a word, which shows relationships between other words in the sentence.
Relationships between words can be in the form of time or space. She went to the mall again. To
is a preposition that shows direction or space. She will find more clothes than you could imagine
in thirty minutes. In is the preposition that shows time. A preposition always goes with a noun or
pronoun, which is called the object of the preposition.
The preposition is almost always before the noun or pronoun and that is why it is called a