Empathy And Social Learning Essay

2130 words - 9 pages


Developing Empathy: Nurturing Through Social Learning


This paper explores the Social Learning Theory and how prosocial behavior, specifically empathy, is cultured through observation, modeling and imitation. Empathy is defined through a review of Bandura’s Bobo Doll experiment, Jeremy Sloan’s article on developing empathy and the impact it has on animals in our world, and an assessment of empathy in future criminal justice professionals. All provide evidence and data to support the finding that adults have lasting influence on children and how ones behavior is formed. Empathy is a vital trait and it’s a primary requisite for ...view middle of the document...

Bandura posited the idea of behavior modeling with his Bobo doll experiment, which he used to support the hypothesis that individuals are not born with innate violent tendencies. Exploring Social Learning theories uncovers the impact of modeling, observation and how nurturing experiences shape our behavior, specifically empathy.
Social Learning Defined
Rotter followed in the footsteps of behaviorist theories of B.F. Skinner, John Watson and Pavlov, but he explored the idea that what people will learn from experiences will be dependent on personality, expectation of compensation or consequence, and internal and external orientation (American Psychologist, 1989). Behaviorism explored learning by way of conditioning, while overlooking the importance of cognition, emotion, and human reasoning or motivation. Rotter acknowledged the significance of human self-reflection, or the way people internally reward or punish themselves.
Bandura’s contribution to the concept of Social Learning Theory is founded on the basics of Rotter’s philosophies and other traditional learning theories; however, Bandura focused on the essentials of observation and imitation. He believed people acquire knowledge and abilities by witnessing and following the actions of others, but observing behavior does not always mean there will be a change in behavior. Intrinsic forces come into play to provide reinforcement and reward, fostering development. Internal cognitions, as well as past accomplishments or failures, influence whether or not an observed action will lead to imitation or behavior modification.
The Bobo Doll Experiment used a blow up doll, a panel of adult participants who were instructed to inflict aggressive acts on the doll, and a selection of children to observe such acts. Some children were selected to watch aggressive human or cartoon characters on television, too. After the child observed the aggression, he or she was left in the room with the doll. Bandura and his team monitored the child’s behavior towards the doll. The experiment showed children frequently imitated the words and actions they witness an adult expressing, but it’s worthy to note more children mimicked the aggression viewed on the cartoon (Bandura, 1963).
Cultivating Empathy
What is empathy? How does development take place through social interactions? Empathy may be defined as a feeling or action expressed when a person understands and is responsive to the feelings or situations of another being (Hart, 1999). Though Bandura’s Bobo doll experiment explored aggression and whether or not observation leads to imitation, he used his findings to support the positives of ‘nurturance’ (Bandura, 1963). Adults may likewise foster constructive or beneficial behavior, such as empathy, through modeling and positive reinforcement. It’s valid to also conclude individuals carry predispositions that contribute to the expression of particular behaviors.
Bandura’s research validates the...

Other Essays Like Empathy and Social Learning

Drawing on What You Have Learned from the 'Making Social Lives' Dvd and Learning Companion 1, Describe Some Inequalities on City Road

896 words - 4 pages TMA 01 Drawing on what you have learned from the Making Social Lives DVD and Learning Companion 1, describe some inequalities on City Road Social science is defined as 'The scientific study of human society and social relationships' (Oxford Dictionaries, 2011). You do not have to travel far to research this statement; walk down a main street and there is an abundance of evidence which meets the criteria of the above definition. City Road in

Drawing on What You Have Learned from the Making Social Lives Dvd and Learning Companion 1, Describe Some Inequalities on City Road

846 words - 4 pages Drawing on what you have learned from the Making Social Lives DVD and Learning Companion 1, describe some inequalities on City Road. I have explored some of the inequalities on City Road. Learning Companion 1 suggests that 'inequality refers to the unequal distribution of valued social resources within a society or between societies (Blakely et al.,2012, p. 24). City Road is a great example. I have chosen to write about the traffic and use

Drawing on What You Have Learned from the Making Social Livers Dvd and Learning Companion 1, Outline How Some Benefit and Others Lose Out on a Street That You Know

1011 words - 5 pages TMA01 Drawing on what you have learned from the Making Social livers DVD and learning companion 1, outline how some benefit and others lose out on a street that you know. During this assignment I will be exploring the ways in which some people benefit and how some lose out on a street. In light of the materials I have studied, I have found that there are many individuals who both benefit and lose out. For my studies I shall be looking at a

Psychology- Narcissitic Personality Disorder

1128 words - 5 pages April J. LaytonPsychology Branz Narcissistic Personality Disorder Overview of the study Narcissistic Personality Disorder, NPD, in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders- Fourth Edition describes that the foundation “lack of empathy” in NPD is entirely based on clinical observation and expert consensus. However, a similar apprehension and empirical, or publicly observed, evaluation of the criterion “lack of

The Personality of Empathy

1678 words - 7 pages started as early as the early 1800s. Empathy is seen in children as young as two years old. The following work explores how empathy is evoked and measured. The Personality of Empathy Empathy is the ability of one person to feel for another or the ability to relate to another’s frustration, happiness, sadness, rage or pain. The ability to be empathetic has been noted to lead to cooperative, pro-social behavior and overall emotional health

To Kill A Mocking Bird

1143 words - 5 pages jugged in the town by everyone because of the racial prejudice that was present. Boo Radley was shown empathy by Atticus when he told Jem to leave him alone. When Jem was asking lots of questions about the Radley's Atticus told him to leave them alone because the family faced social prejudice in many ways by everyone in town. He could relate to them because he faced some as well, when people judged him for letting his kids run around and cause

Emotional Intelligence

633 words - 3 pages are added in the curriculums which are based on emotional intelligence which plays a significance role to nurture this intelligence in students. Different activities like cooperative learning, role play and peer mediation are designed to indirectly teach students how to behave in certain situations and how to respect others feeling and how to incorporate others view in decisions. Sometimes, teachers involve parents as well to develop the emotional and social intelligence in children.

The Role of Empathy and the Group-Based Emotion of Collective Guilt in the Prediction of Negative Attitudes Toward Indigenous Australians

2329 words - 10 pages go. Lack of effective perspective taking and empathy for the indigenous Australians has predicted attitudes. The experience of empathy towards individuals affected by anger towards the perpetrators of social ills and those affected by social problems tend to mediate the differences in attitudes geared towards different social problems (Bretherton and Balvin, 2012, p.76). To begin with, the term empathy according to emotion researchers is the


2938 words - 12 pages empathy:  Separate our responses from those of the person we are empathizing;  Retain objectivity and distance;  Be alert to cues about feelings offered to us by the other person; &  Communicate to people our feeling for them and our understanding of their situations 7 EMPATHY  Some things a person can do to help in the communication process:  Stop talking! Remember if you are talking, you are not listening  Ask questions

My Emotional Assessment

2540 words - 11 pages assessment in the book that I decided to take was the social awareness assessment. Darwin Nelson and Gary Low, the authors of the book define social awareness as our behaviors when relating to others, the ability to affect others positively, developing trust and rapport in relationships. According to the authors, social awareness consist of three things: cognitive focus (learning to listen and hear others), emotional focus (learning how to feel more

autism awareness

4457 words - 18 pages someone else feels; and The ability of the person to see what the best thing is for them to do next in any given situation (this one directly relates to social skills). Emotional intelligence issues can lead to inappropriate responses, a lack of empathy for others, and a difficulty in knowing what to do next. Not everyone is the same It is tempting to fit all learning disabled people into the same bracket, but it is important to remember that

Related Papers

Behavioral And Social Learning Essay

1263 words - 6 pages Behavioral and Social Learning Approaches Personality Assessment This paper will illustrate a comparison and contrast of Behavioral and Social learning approaches to personality. I will analyze one of my bad habits and apply the behavioral personality theory that explains the habit. I will describe the components of social learning theory and develop a plan that applies classical or operant conditioning that will change the habit. Last, discuss

Explain The 5 Broad Social And Emotional Aspects Of Learning

2760 words - 12 pages Teaching Assistant Diploma Course Assignment 2 1) Explain the five broad social and emotional aspects of learning. The five broad social and emotional areas of learning are: * Self-awareness * Managing feelings * Motivation * Empathy * Social skills Understanding what children can and can’t do at given stages of development is important so that teachers and TAs can be supportive and empathic, so we must look at

A Comparison Of Psychodynamic And Social Learning In Regards To The Development Of Personality

1216 words - 5 pages A Comparison of Psychodynamic and Social Learning in Regards to the Development of Personality "No Works Cited" “Psychologists define personality in many ways, but common to all of the ways are two basic concepts, uniqueness and characteristic patterns of behaviour. We will define personality as the complex set of unique

The Impact Of Some Selected Factors In Cooperative Learning On The Improvement Of Academic Performance And Social Behavior Among Grade Five Students At A Primary School – The Theory

981 words - 4 pages opinion that cooperative learning also enhances social skills. This has been underscored in the literature that has been reviewed. Simpson, Smith, and Myles (1997) conclude that teaching the importance of using appropriate social skills belongs in every classroom, regardless of grade or subject. Many children with behaviour needs benefit from the ongoing teaching of social skills. In the inclusion model, children with special needs will benefit