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Energy Crisis In Pakistan Essay

3969 words - 16 pages

It is without exaggeration and beyond the doubt that energy has become one of the most significant needs of the human being. The utility of energy has greatly evolved over the last century. The whole range of human activities including dwelling, trade and commerce, industry, transportation and agriculture has mostly become depended on energy. Globally, energy prosperity has become very crucial to overcome fundamental social problems such as poverty, hunger, disease and illiteracy. The growing human reliance on energy has been paralleled by a string of challenges that are both local and global in nature. It is increasingly understood that ...view middle of the document...

According to the united nations, the world population 6.5 billion in 2005 is to grow to 9.1 billion by 2050 and most of the population growth is expected to place in the developing world Asia and Africa. Poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy and environmental degradation are the most important challenges faced by the world. Poor and inadequate access to secure an affordable means of energy in one of the crucial factors behind these issues. Electricity for example is vital for providing basic social services such as education and health, water supply and purification, sanitation, and refrigeration of essential medicines. Electricity is of course, very helpful in supporting a wide range of income generation opportunities. So, Demand is based on supply and that is increased with the changing criteria of civilizations.
On the record, Number of people do not have access to avail Energy. Although during the last twenty five years over 1.3 billion people living in developing countries have been provided access to electricity, but more than 1.4 billion people over 21 percent of the world’s population do not have access to it. (Human Development report undp, 2007-2008). Although about 2-4 billion people depend upon traditional biomass, including wood, agriculture residues and dung for cooking and heating purposes. Statistics suggested the more than 99 present of people without electricity live in the developing regions and four out five live in the rural areas of south Asia and Africa. The leading countries in the world in terms of population without access to electricit include India, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Congo, Ethiopia, Myanmar, Tanzania and Kenya. With the growing world population and people's aspiration for improved life a central and collective global issue in the new century is to sustain socio-economic growth within the constraints of the earth's limited natural resource along with preserving the environment.
Resources of energy: The energy resources being consumed in the world at present can be broadly classified into three groups: (1) Fossil fuels (2) Nuclear power and (3) Renewable energy .In near future Hydrogen is also expected to be another resource for the generation of energy.
Fossil fuels: Fossil fuels are deposits of the organisms once living in the world ,basically consist of carbon and hydrogen bonds. With the advent of industrial revolution, fossil fuels have been the main source of energy supply. These are further classified into three types: .Coal, oil and natural gas. Coal has equipped the industrial revolution which transformed the human civilization .Coal is usually extracted from mines in three main forms i.e. anthracite, bituminous and lignite.
Oil: Oil is another source which is more efficient than coal .Crude oil...

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