English Language As A Medium Of Instruction For Science And Mathematics In Malaysia

1734 words - 7 pages

Nowadays English was an international language, it was widely used; it was not just for education purpose, but was gradually spread in other sectors, especially in the economic sector. On 6th May 2002, the then Prime Minister Tun Dr. Mahathir announced that government willing to reintroduce English as a medium of instruction. And on 11th May 2002, the then Education Minister Musa Mohamad established a bilingual system that set up with English used for teaching science and mathematics (Tan, 2005, p. 50).
Before this announcement was made, the Education Art 1996 stipulate the national language (Malay language) shall be the main medium of instruction in all educational institutions under the ...view middle of the document...

Most of the student in Malaysia has limited English proficiency; Due to this factor it has affected their performance of Mathematics and Science in English. If someone has an interested to learn certain subjects .They are required have a fully understanding of the subjects. Such as learning mathematics and science in English, students are required to understand the scientific terms and mathematical terms which written in English. Moreover, lack of English proficiency lead to difficulties of learning Mathematics and Science in English.
Result of a survey shown that the 20.45% respondents complained that their performance in Mathematics and Science had got worse due to the lack of proficiency in English language which cause those faced difficulties in understanding the explanations of Science concepts in English (Faizah Mohamad Nor, Marzilah A. Aziz & Jusoff, K., 2011). According to the study carried out by Aziz bin Nordin (n.d.), he stated that respondents were having problems more obvious in learning Science since Science subject comprises a lot of factors, concepts and principles as well as problem solving process in its content.
Cheah and Nor Azmi Mostafa (2009) discovered that language was the barrier for students to learning Mathematics and Science. Then, students who have poor attitudes and thinking skill are main cause of learning any subject in whatever language. Research of Tan (2007), mention that most of the students who cannot understand the science concept that are being taught in English language was affected by their attitudes toward learning of Science. Besides, he also found out that gender also influence attitudes of students toward learning of mathematics. The research proven that attitude of female students towards leaning of Mathematics was positive as compared to male students.
Research that carried out by Norudin Mansor, Mohamed Ishak Badarudin and Azman Che Mat (2011) explained that environment plays an important roles, it consists of environment in the classroom, school and home itself. Teaching method is the key factor it includes teachers experience, teaching methodology, teaching facilities and teaching materials. Furthermore, attitudes of students were a key factor such as do students pay attention in class and hand in their homework in time. Attitude of teachers will reflect the result of the students such as teachers who are strict in their duties and always give extra effort to improve teaching skill and it might affect student performance.
We support the research above that carried out by Khalid (1997), he state that confidence, socioeconomic status, gender beliefs, drive, enjoyment, peers, location of school, school environment, ethnicity beliefs and previous achievement were important predictor of Mathematics achievement among Malaysian schools (Liew & Pong, 2004, p. 10).
Educators claimed that they have difficulties of teaching Mathematics and Science in English. Hudson (2009) point out that...

Other Essays Like English Language As A Medium Of Instruction For Science And Mathematics In Malaysia

As English Language and Literature Induction Task

4149 words - 17 pages Induction task for AS English Language and Literature. Read through the opening section of ‘In Cold Blood” by Trueman Capote & annotate it as per the narrative aspects listed below. Then answer the following question in 4-500 words. How does the author use narrative aspects to tell the story in chapter one? * Narrative Voice * Dialogue * Setting * Events * Figurative language * Descriptive language

A Critical Review of Progression in Mathematics

3416 words - 14 pages this does not prepare pupils properly to study Mathematics at a higher level, hence in my view the reason for the introduction of the new curriculum this year and the scrapping of NC levels to encourage teachers and schools to be less focussed on short term NC targets. Progression Heggarty (2002) highlights the need to define progression, because as teachers we are expected to plan for progression and ensure that it happens for all pupils .She

English as second language

866 words - 4 pages Unit 2 The Study of English Module 1 Grammar TASK 1 Use an example of each of the following in a sentence and underline it. 1. an adjective He writes meaningless letters. 2. an adverb Always learn your lessons before doing your exercises. 3. a countable noun I have four dogs. 4. an uncountable or mass noun You must have experience to apply for the job. 5. a conjunction We were

Development and Evaluation of a Novel Contrast Medium Suitable for Conventional Enteroclysis, Mr Enteroclysis and Virtual Mr Enteroscopy

1201 words - 5 pages proposed contrast medium acted as positive in 3d FLASH (T1w), true FISP (T2/T1 w) and as a negative in HASTE (T2w). In conclusion, a 20% barium sulfate enema with 15 ml/lt gadolinium is appropriate for conventional and MR Enteroclysis studies. Keywords: MRI, contrast medium, gadolinium, Crohn's disease, Enteroclysis Text Introduction Fast and ultrafast sequences, high performance gradient coils and dedicated

English as a Second Language: Listening, Reading, Writing

1546 words - 7 pages reader towards a positive decision on your application. Do not lie, report facts and circumstances that have affected you, or major accomplishments worth noting. Universities always check, and lies are hard to keep up with. If English is your second language In searching for the truth you need to ask yourself the following questions: First: Am I a good reader, listener and writer of English?. In reality, where do I stand in each of those

Reviewing a Handbook English as a Second Language Guide to Implementation: Kindergarten to Grade 9 in Alberta

2708 words - 11 pages steps to design a guide or handbook to provide information about ESL population, provincial funding policy, differentiated instruction and assessments. Furthermore, educators have suggested a variety of teaching strategies for ESL students as well as the need for cultural awareness and sensitivity among ESL instructors. In this paper, I am going to review and analyze English as a Second Language Guide to Implementation: Kindergarten to Grade 9

Benefit of Taking English as Your Second Language

522 words - 3 pages because English is the global language that speaking around the world. Hence, the ability to master this language will help you to communicate across the world. As for an example, many airport, banks, and hotels have English speaking staff and use English sign to guide you. With that, you always have the advantage to have a basic understanding of how to communicate in English if you are traveling anywhere in the world. In conclusion, the benefit of

English as an Official Language of the United States

2439 words - 10 pages language, although the official language is now English (5 ILCS 460/) State Designations Act. (Public Agenda Survey of 1002 Foreign Born Adults 2002) Nearly two-in-three foreign-born adults say that the United States should expect all immigrants to learn English. This researcher found that designating a common language for the United States goes back to our very early years as a country, and even before we became the United States of America

Management as a Science and an Art

1520 words - 7 pages cost of an existing product for global marketing. Management can be said to be both a science and an art.  Management as a science: First, it is a science because it is based on a set of organized knowledge founded on proper scientific findings and exact principles.  It is part of the branch of science known as social science just like sociology, economics or history.  Management is also a behavioural science in which its theories and

English as an Official Language

1116 words - 5 pages OFFICIAL LANGUAGE FOR THE U.S. Financial Implications Setting English as the official U.S. language, there would be a huge financial savings. Because the U.S. currently has no official language, our government is required to accommodate for non-English speaking residents (Brice, 2013). These accommodations come as a huge cost to the U.S. The increasing number of Hispanic immigrants arriving in the U.S. has increased the presence and

Psychology as a Science

688 words - 3 pages their mental processes. Science is described as the systematic knowledge derived from observation. The Concise Oxford English Dictionary defines Science as the intellectual and practical activity includes the systematic study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment. The two definitions in laymen’s language;-The definition of psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental

Related Papers

The Role Of Mathematics In Engineering Science

2538 words - 11 pages of materials and structures. Applied mathematics plays a fundamental role in engineering analysis and design. Without calculations engineering science would only be a study of theories without any mathematical proof. According to Albert Einstein, “there is another reason for the high repute of mathematics: it is mathematics that offers the exact natural sciences a certain measure of security which, without mathematics, they could not

English As A Foreign Language Essay

1464 words - 6 pages Related Assignment, item 3 A: Open the window, will you? B: I wonder if you’d mind opening the window. 1. Generative Context A: The first week of July was very warm in Blackburn. I was invited to my sisters’ house for a party. There were many others that were invited too. As soon as I entered my sisters’ house I felt so hot because she was baking a cake in the oven, the children were running around the house and the windows were all closed

English As A Second Language Learner

1730 words - 7 pages instruction provided for their education is in English and students are spoken to and expected to speak in English. It is often referred to as the “sink or swim” approach in that it does not provide the ELL students with the amount of needed help to engage them further into their education. The students both understand the language and continue to grow with it, or become loosed at the idea and “sink”. Students spend so much time learning

Teaching Science, Mathematics, And Technology Essay

2372 words - 10 pages certain human values. Holding curiosity, creativity, imagination, and beauty in high esteem is certainly not confined to science, mathematics, and engineering—any more than skepticism and a distaste for dogmatism are. However, they are all highly characteristic of the scientific endeavor. In learning science, students should encounter such values as part of their experience, not as empty claims. This suggests that teachers should strive to do the