This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Englishes Essay

2190 words - 9 pages

The Development of the Theory of World Englishes

In our modern world there are more non-native speakers of English than native speakers. This is because there is a growing necessity of people to acquire English as a second language for different purposes. As a result of this growing spread of English, new English varieties have risen all over the world. These are commonly called ‘World Englishes’ which suggests the several variations of English spoken in different countries (Seargeant, 2012)
As new ‘Englishes’ develop new theories about their formation, similarities and differences arise around the world. English is no longer seen as a unique structure but as a multicultural and plural ...view middle of the document...

Hence, the development of the theory of World Englishes emerges from a variety of linguistic and non-linguistic approaches. According to Bolton (cited in Seargeant, 2012), the discipline of World Englishes has been developed from three groups of approaches: approaches related to linguistics issues, approaches concerned with linguistics and socio-political areas and approaches involved in non-linguistic areas. Seargeant (2012) reinforces this classification by adding to the list a fourth new category related to the investigation of English in a global and cultural context.
Approaches in the first of these categories, which are related to linguistic issues, date from the late nineteenth century. The main focus of these is to analyse syntactical structure and historical changes of different varieties of British English using a linguistic approach. The second group of approaches described by Bolton (cited in Seargeant, 2012) aims also at the study of English variations; however, linguistic differences of English varieties are not taken into account. Instead, these approaches concentrate on social, cultural and political environments in which language is occupied. The third group of approaches is related to those disciplines that main concerns are historical, cultural and political issues of English in a global context. The last and forth category identified by Seargeant (2012) analyses the way in which English is used around the world and how new Englishes varieties can be affected by the globalised and changing world. An example of this is the way in which English is considered and valued by people in different countries and how English may help speakers of World Englishes to improve their social status.
As a result of the combination of these four categories of approaches, the development of the theory of World Englishes has established its own object of study. Although it seems impossible to set up clear boundaries, because English language is being transformed through time, the development of the discipline of World Englishes tends to focus mainly on the complexity of English language in the world. Indeed, it aims at examining the crucial issues related to the nature of English today, such as identifying generalities among the new Englishes varieties, explaining its significant phonological, grammatical and lexical features and focusing on the multiple valuable purposes of the English language inside the different English communities.
In addition, two influential and contrastive language ideologies can be found inside the development of the discipline of World Englishes. Seargeant (2012) points out that these ideologies may constitute a huge part of its object of study. On the one hand, the notion of ‘English as an international language’, that refers to the several purposes of English communication in professional worldwide contexts where intelligibility or coherence are essential parts for successful communication. On the other hand, the...

Other Essays Like Englishes

value of children Essay

2636 words - 11 pages South Englishes, North Englishes L kuteure mpfique comment ka kanguc angkaisepeut s b t r e r economic structure" to play a particular role in the international division of labour. The women I describe in this article grew up speaking English in their home countries. un outif dbppression du Sudpar Ir Nord English in postcolonid Pakistan "That Indian accent.. .you'll have to get rid of it if you I have spoken English all my l

Capitals and End Punctuation Essay

1385 words - 6 pages and speaking; written language pedagogy; written text analysis; applications of psycholinguistic theory and methodology to the study of L2 performance and acquisition; second language production; development and measurement of oral language proficiency in a second language) Dr John Field Clare Furneaux Dr Jane Setter Dr Alan Tonkyn English phonetics and phonology (Phonology and pronunciation of World Englishes; Speech prosody in atypical

Looking at Someone Else's Life

2018 words - 9 pages because my family doesn’t care if I know lengthy words, as long as I can get my point across. Another example of this can be found in Amy Tan’s essay called the Mother Tongue where she has to use two different types of English with her family than with other people in her life. Recently, I was made keenly aware of the different Englishes I do use. I was giving a talk to a large group of people, the same talk I had already given to half a

The Separation Of Capital Ownership And Control

1577 words - 7 pages The argument of whether the separation of capital ownership and control is an efficient form of organization has constantly been a controversial issue. The criticism whether the controllers’ act is in the best interest of the owners’ wills never end as long as hired managers operate management. As the number of public companies has been increasing over the course of this century, meanwhile the American style of contact based corporation has

The Versatility And Flexibility Of OLED's

1014 words - 5 pages In April 1, 2002, organic light emitting diodes gain rise in the scientific community with their published, more practical form at Ames Laboratory. “Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, in collaboration with scientists at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, have developed and demonstrated a novel, fluorescence-based chemical sensor that is more compact, versatile and less expensive than existing technology of its

Comparing The Moral Virtues Of Antony And Julian The Apostate

1103 words - 5 pages Roman emperor Julian the Apostate and Christian leader Antony both exhibited many qualities of character during their existence. Both of them led very distinctive lives although shared several ethical values. Book 25 of “The Later Roman Empire” and the book “Early Christian Lives” show concrete evidence of this. In the following essay, I will argue how both leaders’ lives were devoted to their religious beliefs and their mutual cardinal virtues

Living In A Cashless Society

1637 words - 7 pages Money in a traditional sense no longer exists. Money is becoming much of a concept than a physical material, and most ordinary bitter have not see the reality of the switch. People today are using credit and debit cards on a regular basis and in everyday situations such as meal purchased at fast food, highway tolls, clothing, groceries, gas stations, etc. all of these means of systems could be regarded as a cashless society or world. The question

The French And Indian War: The "Real" First World War

1955 words - 8 pages The Seven Years War, or more commonly referred to as “The French and Indian War”, has been called the true First World War. In this book The French and Indian War: Deciding the Fate of North America, the author and historian Walter R. Borneman paints a detailed and elaborate picture that justifies the claim of it being the first true war of global proportions. If ever there truly was a climax to the never ending feud of the European powers

Is The Use Of Animals In Medical Research A Necessary Measure?

1513 words - 7 pages Throughout history, animals have been used in experiments to test product safety and obtain medical knowledge that benefits both humans and animals alike. Every year there are numerous medical breakthroughs, such as medications and surgical instruments, which are tested on animals to insure their safety before they are deemed acceptable for human use. Even though the results of the experiments saved millions of human lives, they are also

Education And The Evolving Job Market

2363 words - 10 pages The lives of students today are changing. They are preparing for lives and jobs that have never before existed. If teachers hope to have a significant and worthwhile impact on these quickly changing lives, they must change the way they think, prepare, and instruct our future generations. Children cannot afford to have teachers who remain stagnant in their methods and ideals. Students crave instructors that are willing to allow them to tap

Young And Relentless

1737 words - 7 pages There are numerous influences that can be responsible of teenager’s behaviors and attitude as they develop. One factor that is important to these behaviors is parental figures being over involved or uninvolved in their children’s lives. Many of these effects include illegal substance abuse, rising sexual activity, underage alcohol consumption, and tobacco use. Studies show parental participation plays a key role in the characteristics developed

Related Papers

Philippine Englishes Essay

3034 words - 13 pages English and Englishes in the Philippines: A World Englishes Approach to MTBMLE Isabel Pefianco Martin, Ateneo de Manila University Abstract ! In the past two years since DepEd Order 74 (series 2009) was implemented, teacher training sessions have been conducted that focussed on the development of teaching strategies and the preparation of instructional materials for teaching in multilingual settings. One area of utmost concern among

Learning A New Language Essay

1007 words - 5 pages their points throughout personal references. The following excerpt shows Tan’s personal experience exemplifying her assertions. “Recently, I was made keenly aware of the 1) different Englishes I do use. I was giving a talk to a large group of people, the same talk I had already given to half a dozen other groups. The nature of the talk was about my writing, my life, and my book, The Joy Luck Club. The talk was going along well enough, until I

English Globalization Essay

1725 words - 7 pages English within the three circles If we consider Asian Englishes within the perspectives discussed above, one notices five important facts. The first fact is that Asia provides an integrated profile of English within him ‘concentric circles’ model of the spread of English. This model, says McArthur […] is a more dynamic model than the standard version, and allows for all manner of shadings and overlaps among the circles. Although ‘innerâ

Refelctive Baldwin Essay

857 words - 4 pages way we speak. I agree with Tan, we speak different languages without being aware at times and this can lead to fatal consequences. Tan observes the different types of “Englishes” she uses in her life. Tan became aware that she was using a different type of “English” with her mother and husband than with others. She said to her mother, “Not waste money that way” (Tan, 315). This English she uses with her mother and her husband had become their