A) What role does physical preparation play in enhancing the wellbeing of the athlete?
Physical preparation plays a major role in injury prevention. Some preparation techniques include;
• Pre – screening= Allows an exercise program to be tailored to the individuals needs based on age, health status, gender, previous experience etc.
• Skill and technique= many sports injuries happen as a result of poor technique. Injuries may come from a single blow e.g. Poor head position when making a tackle in rugby, or repeated minor impacts/overuse e.g. tennis players may suffer stress fractures to the spine.
• Physical fitness = Athletes should focus on the specific fitness requirements of their ...view middle of the document...
E.g. Conditions and injuries in children and young athletes:
Children are not little adults, so performance pressure should be minimised and all aspects of their physical mental and social health should be considered.
Medical conditions common in children include –
*Asthma = the narrowing of the arteries, making breathing difficult, especially during physical activity. Strenuous physical activity can lead to asthma attacks. Swimming is a beneficial form of exercise for asthmatic children.
* Diabetes – Diabetics should prepare for physical activity by following an appropriate diet and measuring their blood sugar levels to prevent hyperglycaemia, which can cause collapse and unconsciousness.
*Epilepsy = It is important to know that intense physical activity has been known to induce seizures in some individuals. This can cause temporary memory/ awareness loss and/or a full seizure.
Overuse injuries common in children and young athletes –
Until the age of 11-12 approx. Boys and girls grow at the same rate and have a similar body composition. At the age of about 13 in girls and 15 in boys a growth spurt occurs that stretches the bones, muscles and tendons, this can cause pain during physical activity. Parents and coaches should ensure that correct warm-up procedures are being used and that appropriate equipment e.g. footwear is being used.
Thermoregulation in children and young athletes –
Children have less developed sweat glands then adults; because of this they are more prone to dehydration. Sweating is an important means of cooling the body but is unavailable to children so they are more likely to suffer from heat stress. Children also suffer from extremes in body temp (hot and cold). Parents and coaches should ensure that children exercise for no more than 30 mins on extremely hot or cold days and that they drink plenty of water.
Appropriate resistance training...