2 April 2014
Critical Studies- Exploration of a Local Environmental issue
By -Danielle de Kock 12-012751
With our ever increasing population rate, so comes with it an increase in the damage we are inflicting on our planet. Often we hear of concerning environmental issues that are happening around us, but how much do we know and understand about these issues? Because these issues affect us and our future generations directly, it really is in our own best interest to ensure that we are fully informed and also that the sources that we receive information from are accepted in a critical manner. In this essay it is my intention to highlight one of the many environmental issues we are ...view middle of the document...
Different countries have different laws in terms of this ‘sport’ and some cultures have different views on animal rights as a whole, however, in most westernized countries there is a solid divide in terms of whether is it right or wrong.
Trophy hunting has always been a topic that has sparked many opinions and emotions. It is an issue that I was first made aware of many years ago and have always been very aware of. My view of the subject has always been very against it. This is mainly as a result of the strong opinion of others (friends, family and colleagues) around me. The topic has been highlighted in the media in the past, but as these animals is becoming increasingly endangered, so we are seeing an increase in the prevalence of these issues. The question I am posing is whether trophy hunting can be a useful tool in the conservationist’s toolbox or not. On the surface, the answer appears obvious. As the killing of an animal or species, especially an endangered one (for sport), is directly contradictory to the goal of ensuring the survival of a species. Eliminating a mature animal is counter-intuitive in terms of the reproduction of future generations of the species. However, with this in mind it appears that the topic is much more complex and in-depth. It requires further questioning and reasoning beyond the ethics of the situation.
Before I start it is important to understand that trophy hunters are not poachers. These are people who pay large sums of money to kill the animal/s they have been given a license to kill. This is not the average poacher who is illegally killing multiple animals. For the most part a trophy hunter comes to kill one or at most a few animals, mainly due to affordability and limited licenses. Whereas, poachers are killing multitude of animals illegally and without consideration of the animals age or hierarchy in it’s “society” or “herd”.
In this section I will be explaining some of the arguments raised by people who are pro trophy hunting as a sport. It has been argued that hunting can be positive for the economies as well as for local communities. In sub-Saharan Africa trophy hunting generates close to US$201 million gross revenues (economic and conservation significance of the trophy hunting industry in sub-Saharan Africa). According to Lindsey et al (2006) some of the most significant effects to the GDP are seen in Botswana (0.13% of GDP), Tanzania (0.11% of GDP) and Namibia (0.8% of GDP) compared to Hungary (0.0005% to GDP). In South Africa alone, over US$100 Million contributed to gross annual revenues in 2006. Similarly in 2006, over 9000 hunters came to South Africa, these visitors do not just visit to hunt but spend money in the country contributing in other areas of the economy. It is also noted that the US$100 million created between 5-6000 new jobs. In the same study, it was found that the most commonly hunted animals were in fact impala, warthog and kudu. All of these animals are grazers...