Environment Laws In India Essay

1743 words - 7 pages

Citywise Estimated Pollution Loads
Name Of Town | Flow (MLD) | BOD (M.T.D) |
Yamuna nagar | 28 | 4.15 |
Karnal | 23 | 3.45 |
Panipat | 25 | 3.75 |
Sonipat | 19 | 8.10 |
Gurgaon | 20 | 3.03 |
Faridabad | 102 | 15.15 |
Delhi | 1700 | 132 |
Saharanpur | 45 | 6.75 |
Muzaffarnagar | 35 | 5.25 |
Ghaziabad | 180 | 27 |
Noida | 75 | 11.25 |
vrindavan | 5 | 0.75 |
Source : Yamuna Action Plan, Ministry of Environment & Forests

Waste Water Discharge into River Yamuna

Type | Discharge |
Domestic (treated) | 64% |
Domestic (untreated) | 21% |
Industries (small) | 7% |
Industries (large) | 8% |

Air Quality Standards

Category | S.P.M (ug/cu.m) | SO2 ...view middle of the document...

59 | 19.02 | 5.24 |
HC | 12.90 | 11.92 | 8.11 |
SO2 | 34.56 | 34.95 | 21.38 |
Nox | 12.53 | 11.57 | 9.07 |
CO | 27.63 | 25.83 | 8.75 |
total | 108.2 | 100 | 100 |





ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION – FROM INDIAN CONSTITUTION PRESPECTIVE

1. "The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country".

2. "It shall be the duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures."

3. "No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law."

4. "The State shall regard the raising of the level of nutrition and the standard of living of its people and the improvement of public health as among its primary duties and, in particular, the State shall endeavour to bring about prohibition of the consumption except for medicinal purposes of intoxicating drinks and of drugs which are injurious to health."

The subjects related to environment in the seventh schedule of the Constitution:

Union List Entries |
52 | Industries. |
53 | Regulation and development of oil fields and mineral oil resources. |
54 | Regulation of mines and mineral development. |
56 | Regulation and development of inter-State rivers and river valleys. |
57 | Fishing and fisheries beyond territorial waters. |

State List Entries |
6 | Public health and sanitation. |
14 | Agriculture, protection against pest and prevention of plant diseases. |
18 | Land, colonisation, etc. |
21 | Fisheries. |
23 | Regulation of mines and mineral development subject to the provisions of List-I. |
24 | Industries subject to the provisions |
Common or Concurrent List Entries |
17A | Forests. |
17B | Protection of wild animals and birds. |
20 | Economic and social planning. |
20A | Population control and family planning |


MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS - ENVIRONMENT
THE ELECTRICITY ACT, 2003
This Act seeks to create a framework for the power sector development by measures conducive to the industry. Electricity Act does not explicitly deal with environmental implications of activities related to power transmission. The applicable legal provisions under this Act are as follows: Section 68(1) - sanction from the Ministry of Power (MOP) is a mandatory requirement for taking up any new project. The sanction authorizes SJVN to plan and coordinate activities to commission new projects.
1986 - The Environment (Protection) Act authorizes the central government to protect and improve environmental quality, control and reduce pollution from all sources, and prohibit or restrict the setting and /or operation of any industrial facility on environmental grounds.
1986 - The Environment (Protection) Rules lay down procedures for setting standards of...

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