Environmental psychology is the study of the environment’s affect on humans as well as the effect humans have on the environment (Clayton & Myers, 2009). The theories of evolutionary psychology and biophilia seek to explain the extremely complex relationship between humans and their natural environment. Environmental research within this discipline has obtained empirical evidence, which proves helpful in establishing guidelines by which humans can begin to fully understand their role in protecting and sustaining nature as nature, in turn, sustains survival for humans.
According to Clayton and Myers (2009), environmental psychology is “a specialty within ...view middle of the document...
Humans instinctively acquire these fears and they are not easily unlearned (Clayton & Myers, 2009). Ironically, these fundamental fears have played a significant role in supporting human evolution (Clayton & Myers, 2009).
Evolutionary psychology’s position is one that humans mentally and behaviorally evolve as a means of adaption and survival. These theories seek out associations between human thought processes and the natural environment (Clayton & Myers, 2009). According to these theories, human systems change to adapt to the environment as necessary for human survival. Furthermore, the environment determines necessary changes in human social activity, including the necessity to communicate through various languages (Clayton & Myers, 2009). In essence, human mental and behavioral development evolves based on environmental challenges that aid in survival of the species. As the human species adapts to these environmental challenges, it also defines the relationship it has with nature.
The Importance of Research in Environmental Psychology
Humans directly affect and alter their natural environment and, in turn, the environment determines human survival (Korpela, 1989). Due to the complexity of this relationship, investigational research has become essential in maintaining a healthy balance between the two. As it is evident in the pollution of the environment, the human affect on this balance could very well be the end of the species if a resolution is not determined in a timely manner. Research can assist in creating fundamental boundaries by which humans can begin to understand their limitations concerning interaction with the environment (Korpela, 1989).
Scientific research will allow humans to realize the impact they have on the environment and vice versa. Understanding the...