Erickson: The Stages Of Development Essay

1181 words - 5 pages

Erickson Stages
Erickson thought development was not gradual and and occurred through steps kind of like Freud. His steps were based on biological maturation, important new knowledge, and conflicts. He developed eight steps that focused on the changing of personality and developing your identity. Erickson developments stages differed from Freud's because Erickson focused on social environment and not sexual drives. Erickson believed that each stage in a person life that have to over come a psychosocial crisis and also learn a new skill. The stages took place through out your lifespan (Funder, 1997).
Stage one of Erickson development is trust vs. mistrust. This stage happens at 0-18 ...view middle of the document...

This stage begins at age 5 though age 12. At this stage the child began elementary school. They are learning to master the skills they learned in stage three and beginning to learn more complex skills. The child also learns to cope new social demands. If the child fails to achieve these things in this stage the child will feel a sense of inferiority (Funder, 1997). Stage five is ego identity vs. role confusion. This stage begins when the child is 12 through the age of 18. This stage is a transition between child and adult. During this stage the adolescent search to figure out who they are. They should develop a self of identity and see how they will fit in with adult hood. If the adolescent feels successful in find out who they are and working through their identify crisis, they will feel like they can stay true to themselves. If the adolescent still is unsure of their identity they will feel a sense of role confusion (Funder, 1997). Stage six is intimacy vs. isolation. This stage occurs at age 18 though the age of 25. This stage is based off forming close relationship. You need to know who you are before you can commit to a serious relationship. If the young adult fails in this stage of committing and forming close relationship, they will feel a sense of isolation and lonely (Funder, 1997). Stage seven is generatively vs. stagnation. This stage occurs at the age of 25 through the age of 65. The purpose of this stage is to care for others. Adults in this stage feel a sense to pass things on to the next generation. This could be involved in the community or interacting with children. The success of this stage an adult feels as if they have created something that will outlast them and feelings of accomplishment (Funder, 1997). If an adult fails to accomplish these things they will feel as if they were not involved. The last stage of Erickson development is the eighth stage. This stage is ego integrity vs. despair. The eighth stage occurs at the age of 65+. This stage is feeling a sense of accomplishment in life, accepting faults, and just looking back over your life. You gain wisdom and a lot of life experiences as well as doing everything you wanted to do. Failure in this stage are people who feel a sense of guilt and despair. your not ready to die because you haven't not done...

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