Unit 3 The Proststant Reformation
1. Usury- leanding with a exobitant rate of interest
2. Indulgence -a remission of the temporal punishment for sin after its guilt has been forgiven
3. Martin Luther-was a German monk, Catholic priest, professor of theology and seminal figure of a reform movement in 16th century Christianity, subsequently known as the Protestant Reformation *Lutheranism-is a major branch of Western Christianity that identifies with the theology of Martin Luther, a German reformer. Luther's efforts to reform the theology and practice of the Roman Catholic Church launched the Protestant Reformation.
4. 95 Theses- Luther's writings were disseminated ...view middle of the document...
John Calvin-Martin Luther's successor as the preeminent Protestant theologian, made a powerful impact on the fundamental doctrines of Protestantism and is the namesake of Christian theologhy called *Calvinism-is a system of Christian theology advanced by John Calvin, a Protestant Reformer in the sixteenth century, and further developed by his followers, associates and admirers. perhaps best known for its doctrine of double-predestination, which contends that some persons are predetermined by God to go to hell, while others are predetermined to go to heaven, regardless of the actions (good or bad) of these persons.
10. Prdestination-is a determine ahead of time what the destiny of groups and individuals will be. The belief that everything that will happen has already been decided by God or fate and cannot be changed
11. Theocracy-a form of government in which a country is ruled by religious leaders
12. Huguenots-a member of the French Reformed communion especially of the 16th and 17th centuries
13. Edict of Nantes-was issued on April 13, 1598, by King Henry IV of France to grant the Calvinist Protestants of France (also known as Huguenots) substantial rights in a nation still considered essentially Roman Catholic. The main concern was civil unity, and the Edict separated civil from religious unity, treated some Protestants for the first time as more than mere schismatics and heretics, and opened a path for secularism and tolerance.
14. Presbyterian-a member of a Presbyterian church.
15. Anabapitsts-one who baptizes over again." This name was given them by their enemies in reference to the practice of "re-baptizing" converts who "already had been baptized.
16. Protestant Reformation-is the name given to a religious and political development in the early 16th century. The reformation was led by Martin Luther, a monk from Germany. He said that the Roman Catholic church was corrupt and that it should be reformed
17. Papal/Papacy-relating to the pope or the government of the Roman Catholic Church/the office of pope, a succession or line of popes, the term of a pope's reign
18. Puritans-were a group of people who grew discontent in the Church of England and worked towards religious, moral and societal reforms. The writings and ideas of John Calvin, a leader in the Reformation, gave rise to Protestantism and were pivotal to the Christian revolt. They contended that The Church of England had become a product of political struggles and man-made doctrines. The Puritans were one branch of dissenters who decided that the Church of England was beyond reform. Escaping persecution from church leadership and the King, they came to America.
19. Dissenter- a person who to refuse to conform to the doctrines, beliefs, or practices of an established church, and to adhere to a different system of beliefs and practices from the Church of England.
John Wycliffe-as an English Scholastic philosopher, theologian, lay...