Nationalism in the 19th century was very similar to patriotism. Nationalism is when people are loyal to and
proud of their country and have the belief that their country or independant nation is superior to others. In the 19th
century nationalism was extremely prevenant, though it would be replaced by patriotism. Though many benefited
from Nationalism, it caused unnecessary destruction in the 18th and 19th centuries in Europe. It caused uprisings
that lead to numerous revolts, disturbing the order, causing needless death and eventually leading to world war one.
Firstly, nationalism was used as a political tool for leaders to gain power. This can especially be seen in the
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This was the spark plug,
nationalism, for the war.”(Wikipedia) If not for nationalism this kind of action would not have been taken and if it
had been the alliance system instead, it would not have caused World War One. It pushed people toward national
unity in Italy and Germany and threatened to tear the Habsburg and Ottoman empires apart. In the United states, the
principle of national unity helped spark the brutal civil war. As well as in world war one, nationalism also had many
ties into world war two. In Germany at the time, the germans thought of themselves as the supreme race and thought
those who didn’t look like them or act like them were inferior. This caused Holocaust, in which the germans
exterminated and tortured millions of Jews. This is clearly a case of nationalism in an extreme form and started one
of the most bloodiest wars in history.
Thirdly, nationalism had many negative effects on minority and was very antisemitic. This is especially
seen in the ruling of Germany and Italy. In Germany twelve thousand cases of oppression and violence against