Ethical Theories Essay

1181 words - 5 pages

There are a lot of things we have learned in this course from ethical theories to moral reasoning and I think what we have learned in these last five weeks will help and should help us in a decision making process in the future.
Virtue Ethics says that a person should make a decision on behalf of them rather than their culture or laws, as long as they are a good person, it is a good decision. It is person based rather than cultural. Virtue, practical wisdom and eudemonia, are the three main concepts that virtue ethics’ enforces. Aristotle and Plato are virtue ethics principle ethicists.
Utilitarianism’s principal concepts are: egalitarianism, hedonism, consequentialism. This ethical system ...view middle of the document...

The principle ethicists would be the people who found Hinduism and Buddhism.
Deontology with divine authority states that persons take action because of the religion they follow. Related to deontology with goals because they both have to do something or believe in something for the reason that they were raised a certain way because of their religion. All three of these religions were raised to follow their bible strictly and to act if it was only what God had said to do. The principle ethicist involved in developing this would be the founders of all these religions.
Immanuel Kant was the ethicist of deontology with a categorical imperative, which is the most important one. Kant has three formulas that he goes by; the first one is:
“Act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law” (Kant, 1785).
The second one is:
“Act in such a way that you treat humanity … always as an end and never merely as a means” (Kant, 1785).
The third one is:
“Every rational being must so act as if he were through his maxim always a legislating member in the universal kingdom of ends” (Kant, 1785).
I really enjoyed learning about Kant’s theory of deontology with a categorical imperative; I think most people would agree with what he states.
I think that the ethical system that would be most prevalent in the United Sates today would be Utilitarianism. This ethical system can be seen in the encouragements behind law enforcement, government, and other agencies of the United States, for example, “Presidents often need to be utilitarian. That is, they have an obligation to find a way to achieve the greatest good for the greatest number; more generally, they need to engage in actions whose positive outcomes for the society outweigh the negative consequences” (Rockler, Michael). The United States uses utilitarianism to explain actions as well. For example, when dealing with terrorists, ever since 9/11 the government has allowed restrictions to prevent things like that from happening again. A lot of other countries also use utilitarianism. Others that are more closely related to a main religion might use a deontology based political philosophy. Like Islamic countries would most likely use a divine authority because they would base their decisions on based off the religion.
I think that the ethical system that is most close...

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