Ethical Treatment Of Participants Essay

4249 words - 17 pages

Ethical Treatment of Participants
Business 600
March 11, 2016

This paper examines the ethical treatment of participants in business research which includes the researcher, the decision maker, and the participant. Each has an obligation to the research study and by exhibiting ethical behavior, the data results will determine accurate information that the decision maker can use for their company. If there is a presence of unethical behavior like lying, deception, coercion, not fully being educated or aware of the study details, it can result in the damaging consequences for not only the participants, but it can also affect the shareholders of the company, the customers buying ...view middle of the document...

Cooper and Schindler define scientific method as a, “systematic, empirically based procedures for generation replicable research” and is defined by nine different characteristics (Cooper & Schindler, 2014, p. 15).
Characteristics of the Scientific Method
There are nine specific steps that guide the researcher to a conclusion. The first characteristic of the scientific method is having a clearly defined purpose. In order to begin research, there needs to be a problem that needs a solution or a decision that needs to be made, giving the study a purpose. The second step requires the research processes to be fully detailed making it so that experiment can be replicated by another person at a later time. The third step is that the research design should be fully planned out so that the data can be as objective as possible and the fourth step is to make sure that the study has high ethical standards in order to guard the well-being of the participants which consists of the client, the researcher, and the participant(s). The fifth step requires that every report lists the imperfections or limitations of the study which could affect the reliability and validity of the data. The sixth step is the analysis of the data which expresses a conclusion to the initial question. Those findings need to be clearly stated within the report to reveal its significance. The seventh step requires for the data to be presented explicitly in order to achieve maximum objectivity and the eighth step is to “specify the conditions under which their conclusions seem to be valid” (Cooper & Schindler, 2014, p. 18). The last characteristic of good research is that the report should contain the qualifications of the researcher. This is one way the reader can judge whether the researcher is experienced, has a good reputation, and is a person of integrity. For example, if the topic of research was on animals, but the researcher studied botany. The validity of the paper wouldn’t be strong. All of the characteristics of the scientific method are equally important in order to have good business research. Most bad research uses data from another study for interpretation of the current study. Other examples of bad research are adding personal stories or experiences that are not subject to the controls of the research, and using data from an inadequate population size and applying to the current research that does not have the same population (Cooper & Schindler, 2014). Out of the nine characteristics listed above, the following analysis will concentrate on the fourth step, providing ethical treatment for the participants.
What Are Ethics
Trust is a key factor in the implementation of ethics. If everyone in the study trusted each other, there wouldn’t be a need for oversight, rules, or laws, but that is not reality. Today’s reality consists of the “erosion of these ethical norms is a source of social anxiety, creating distrust and moral callousness” (Allen, 1990). That is why...

Other Essays Like Ethical Treatment of Participants

Important Ethical Consideration to Be Made

1078 words - 5 pages standards of the society in which they conduct their work. Ethical consideration in research seeks to provide ethical protections for research participants of social and medical research. Participants should not be forced to participate in research, they should do so willingly. Participants must be fully informed about the procedures and risks involved in research and must give their consent to participate, through a consent form. Ethical standards

Ethics in Psychological Research Essay

1192 words - 5 pages reason why the code of ethics APA guidelines is a tool of importance. The APA code of ethics shows researchers ways to achieve the evaluation of ethical dilemmas while doing research. Dilemma may be seen is in relation to the risks and benefits in association with the researchers using animals, and the deception to participants (Shaughnessy, Zechmeister, & Zechmeister, 2009). When considering ethical situations a researcher must take into

Psychology 9

1252 words - 6 pages following John Money’s procedures and theory. #2 APA ethical guideline #2 states that if the participants are deceived in any way about the nature of the study, the deception must not be so extreme as to invalidate the informed consent. Also, researchers must be very careful about the trauma deception may cause and shouldn’t put participants in danger. In obedience to authority research, participants were deceived as to the nature of the study

Unethical Research

1131 words - 5 pages with morals or the principles of morality; pertaining to right and wrong in conduct. Ethics is suppose play a vital role in the collating of research as it vital that research undertaken is done with the best of intentions, in an honest and trusting manner so as to get the correct facts and conclusions from the research done. Dr Nancy Walton, Ph.D. said that research that involves human subjects or participants raises unique and complex ethical

Ethics on Maintaining Separate Books

587 words - 3 pages investors and at the same time, contribute to the growth of the country where it is operating. The difference between the two reports lies on the ethical standards of the participants of this process. Management will recognize revenue early and delay expenses to maximize profit. Doing so positively impacts their performance, justifies their value to the organization, encourages investors to have confidence on the security of their contribution to the

Informed Consent

1104 words - 5 pages your medical treatment? In emergency situations, there may be insufficient time for potential research participants to engage in the usual informed consent process. Furthermore, the emergency situation may impair the ability of potential participants and their representatives to make informed decisions because of anxiety, pain, or impaired consciousness. Waiting on consent could mean life or death. For a patient to be considered legally


3413 words - 14 pages concerns about how participants are treated. Today researchers must abide by basic ethical norms and behavior when conducting experiment and research. There is a lot to take in consideration; especially the undo harm of the human or individual doing the study. Clinicians who treat patients with schizophrenia may encounter a variety of ethical issues related to both psychiatric and medical treatment of patients. While informed consent is a

Ethics in Psychology

615 words - 3 pages relating to informing the Participants of the object of the research. Clear summary of procedures, including measures for obtaining access, consent, debriefing, feedback, and maintaining confidentiality. How would you ensure your work is ethical if your participants are Children or are participants with impairments that limit understanding or communication? issues should be directed at parents or other responsible adults such as

Who Believes More in Love at First Sight?

651 words - 3 pages a relationship between gender and who believes In love at first sight more. Independent Variable - The gender of participants Dependant Variable – Who believes more in love at first sight/ hormones and heart rate changes Operationalised – measuring heart rate and hormones / counting results There are some ethical issues I need to take in to consideration in my experiment as they need to be solved in the best way to ensure the physical

U.S. and Global Markets for Ethical Nutrition in Healthcare

876 words - 4 pages $58.2 billion by 2019, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9.4% from 2014 to 2019. This report provides: -An overview of the global markets for ethical nutrition in healthcare. -Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2013 and 2014, and projections of CAGRs through 2019. -In depth descriptions of the ethical nutrition industry, its relationship to the healthcare industry, the market's participants, and trends for the future

Hippa and Research

1840 words - 8 pages right. Maintaining the integrity in the process of conducting research has become increasingly challenging due to advances in technology. Ethical issues such as privacy can occur before, during and after research. If the confidentiality is not upheld, there can be negative repercussions for the participants. For example, in some cultures participation in a research studies could result in public punishment, being exiled from a community or

Related Papers

Ethical Issue Analysis For The Ethical Treatment Of Animals

880 words - 4 pages Ethical Treatment of Animals Amber Marie Keldie Soc120 Dr. Monica Jones. September 30th 2012 Ethical Issue Analysis for the Ethical Treatment of Animals Summary: Of all the agricultural land in the US, 87% is used to raise animals for food. These animals are fed more than 80 percent of the corn and 95 percent of the oats the US produces. Meat animals of the world alone consume food equal to caloric needs of 9 billion people- more than

“Using The Case Study At The End Of The Module Assess The Client’s Issues And Describe Your Treatment Plan. What Ethical Issues Might Arise?”

2381 words - 10 pages come automatically and are not painful (Hadley and Straudacher 1996). This would in turn lead to a better life or weight loss in order to maintain a healthy weight and lifestyle. In view of this, this essay will assess Miss E’s issues as presented in the case study. I will describe a treatment plan with an attached initial screed and any ethical issues that may arise. Hypnotherapy is a popular therapy for weight loss. (Chrysalis 2010

Effects Of Cognitive Therapy Versus Group Therapy On Complicated Grief

3440 words - 14 pages received the treatment of cognitive therapy. Group 2 received the treatment of group therapy. Participants at the end of treatment rated the level of grief on a grief scale. Group 1 males had a mean grief score of 1.9 (SD =.875). Group 1 females had a mean grief score of 2.3 (SD =.948). Group 2 males had a mean grief score of 7.8 (SD = .788). Group 2 females had a mean grief score of 8.9 (SD = .875). There was no interaction between therapy type

Nursing Research Sample Essay

2633 words - 11 pages conducted at Hacettepe University Health Science Faculty Nursing Department with the aim of identifying the ethical problems confronted by nursing students. Eighty-four third class and 69 senior nursing students were volunteers to participate in this study. Their age ranged from 19 to 23 years. All participants have taken the course entitled ‘Nursing History and Deontology’ which include 14 hours ethical content. Students were asked to describe