Moral absolutism is an ethical view that certain actions are absolutely right or wrong, regardless of other contexts such as their consequences or the intentions behind them. I can stand for moral absolutism when it comes to stealing. Stealing is wrong no matter how you shake or bake it. The absolutist position can seem very moral and upright until applied to certain realities. For example what if abortion was made illegal? How would spontaneous miscarriages be handled under this rule? Under moral absolutism, every miscarriage would have to be criminally investigated. How would this effect the mother who is already distraught over losing her child getting interrogated about her pregnancy? This is why I personally can’t always stand for absolutism although it works out excellent in a lot of situations.
Ethical relativism is a view that what is right or wrong and good or bad ...view middle of the document...
Ethical relativism is a huge part of all our cultures. For example in some countries it might be ok to eat cats and dogs for lunch where here in America it can get someone in jail or possibly the nut house! Same difference when comparing India to the US. We love to eat cows over here but in India slaughtering a cow for food might get you in deep trouble.
Freedom is limited and no one is completely free. We cannot freely act on all our desires. For example, we can’t snap our fingers and make our nagging relative disappear or make money rain from the sky; nor is it necessary that a hamn being have the freedom to perform such actions in order to be morally free. I think that if there is freedom we as humans have to recognize that it is limited in nature. I like what William James noted, “Our first act of freedom, if we are free, ought in all inward propriety to be to affirm that we are free. Our strivings for good and our regrets over bad deeds are, he feels, indications that there is freedom, for if a bad act, for example, were fully predetermined, then there would be no point in feeling regret.”
Determinism is a philosophy stating that for everything that happens there are conditions such that, given those conditions, nothing else could happen. Different versions of this theory depend upon various alleged connections, and interdependencies of things and events, asserting that these hold without exception. Deterministic theories throughout the history of philosophy have sprung from diverse motives and considerations, some of which overlap. I personally would not use determinism ethic approach to reward or punish anyone for something they have done right or wrong. It seems to irrelevant for most situations. I think that we are all free and that we at any moment can go against our own feelings or beliefs to do what is right. Unlike other animals we humans always have a choice and with freedom comes great responsibility to do the right thing.