Ethnic Minority Education In China: Finding A Path Between Tradition And Development

3763 words - 16 pages

Ethnic Minority Education in China: Finding a Path between Tradition and Development


Educating a nation is no simple task. Even in the United States—which boasts a substantial tradition of public education, political stability, economic prosperity and a strong middle class—issues such gender and racial equality, diversity, and budget reality still cause continuous debate. For a nation like China, the task of educating its people is even more daunting. China has a population of 1.3 billion, an economy that is still developing, and thus even more stringent budget constraints. And although abandoning command economics for the free market in 1977 allowed double-digit ...view middle of the document...

It is no coincidence that many of the poorest and least-educated areas in China today are heavily populated by ethnic minorities. To begin with, not all minority groups are motivated to seek education—for some, such as nomadic tribes, the uniform national curriculum in China has little bearing on life within the minority society. Others, such as the Tibetans, traditionally favor religious education for boys, and discourage education for girls (Lee, 40). For minorities who are not indifferent to formal education, structural barriers persist. Minority children often grow up speaking their native tongue, which puts them at a disadvantage in the Mandarin-oriented system of formal education. Many fall behind early, and drop out because they lose hope in ever catching up. Poverty is another barrier against educational advance, especially given the fact that market reforms have taken away many of the services that used to be provided by the state. Public education is no longer free, so many children leave school because greater output on the farm results in more income for the family. Also, since minorities are not subject to China’s one-child policy, having a greater number of children often means that the family cannot afford to send them all to school. Within the region or village, shortage of funds means that schools, qualified teachers, and adequate facilities are often few and far between. Given that the competitiveness of the Chinese education system makes advancement difficult to for any student, minority or Han, to achieve—examinations are conducted in the sixth grade, ninth grade, and twelth grade to determine who can go on to the next level of education, and only of 2% of all college-age youth can be enrolled in universities (Lee, 3)—such structural barriers make success in education an extremely difficult goal for minority students.

Brief History of Minorities and their Education in China

Of course, the current state of minority education has its roots in the historical relationship between ethnic minorities and the Han majority. Although China experienced minority rule under the governance of Mongol and Manchu rulers during the Yuan and Qing dynasties, respectively, the Han have generally considered their own highly developed writing system, Confucian values (a system of social and ethical philosophy), and technological sophistication, as signs of cultural superiority. In fact, some Confucian scholars believed regard for education to be the marker of who was Han and who was not—as stated by a scholar in 1738, “if savages cherish learning, they may advance to become Han; if Han people neglect learning, they may degenerate into savages” (quoted in Hansen, 9).

During dynastic China, many non-Han peoples were pushed into less desirable border areas as the Chinese empire expanded. Others were conquered into the empire, and paid tribute to the emperor of China. Particularly in the Qing dynasty, the spread of...

Other Essays Like Ethnic Minority Education In China: Finding A Path Between Tradition And Development

Development and Market of Medical Central Oxygen System in China

542 words - 3 pages June., 08, 2016, Mumbai, India: Market Reports on China presents the report, on “Development and Market of Medical Central Oxygen System in China”. China has medical central oxygen system 1,691 units in 2015, YOY 8.59% growth; market size of medical central oxygen system was about ¥250 million, YOY 11.57% growth. 1. INTRODUCTION China has medical central oxygen system 1,691 units in 2015, YOY 8.59% growth; market size of medical central

Relationships Between China and Kazakhstan Essay

810 words - 4 pages years, Kazakhstan has adopted a more assertive stance in relation to both Russia and the West, and has been intensively developing its co-operation with China. By balancing the influence of those three key players in Central Asia, Astana has been able to pursue its strategic interests, namely expanding the production and transit potential of its energy sector, without antagonising any of the three sides. 
 The decision to award the

Mathematical Education: A Comparison Between Japan And America

1114 words - 5 pages Mathematical Education: A comparison between Japan and America The mathematical education provided in the United States has proved to be inferior compared to that of other countries. Specifically the Japanese and other Asian educational systems produce more educated mathematics students than the United States. American children tend to score lower on standardized testing than Asian students do. Many studies have been done by research groups

The Correlation Between Education And Participation Or Interest In Politics

1032 words - 5 pages Does level of education affect political participation? This is not something that is new to the realm of academia, nor is it a concept that stirs up much controversy. It is however a topic which many have approached from different angles. They vary in research, method and in what they seek to prove, but are unified by the correlation between education and political participation. Education is defined as the level of formal education or

Acupuncture: Finding A Home In America

2848 words - 12 pages Acupuncture: Finding a Home in America"Acupuncture has stood the test of time through twenty-five hundred years, twelve Chinese dynasties, and hundreds of millions of patients," states the founder of the first American school of acupuncture ("Acupuncture" 54). Scientific research is now proving that acupuncture, for years a myth explained only by Chinese culture, is an effective medical practice in the United States. This idea, along with newly

Development of Social Media in China

1928 words - 8 pages DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL NETWORK IN CHINA Introduction Social network sites (SNSs) have the potential to fundamentally change the character of our social lives, both on an interpersonal and a community level. Changes in interaction patterns and social connections are already evident among young people, who are the heaviest users of these sites. As adoption spreads to a wider audience, we expect such changes to be amplified across all

Compare Kfc Between Thailand and China

1516 words - 7 pages Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC in short name) which is an international brand providing fast-food restaurant in many countries. 2. Discuss the similarities and differences of their implementations of marketing mix strategies between two countries e.g. Thailand versus China or Australia. A comparison table format including texts, pictures and video link are recommended. Use components of marketing mix strategies below as possible discussion

Isolaion policies between Japan and China

315 words - 2 pages , shoguns persecuted Christians. This was the first step to control foreign trades. Japan leaders issued a "closed country policy." This closed the entire island except the Nagasaki port.By isolating their countries, China and Japan, and effects of good and bad effects. China had benefits of keeping their county behaved and controlled. Their disadvantage was that now their country is overpopulated. By not letting anyone out of the county, the

Development and Market of Raise Borer Industry in China 2015-2020

588 words - 3 pages March., 31, 2016, Mumbai, India: Market Reports on China presents the report, on “Development and Market of Raise Borer Industry in China 2015-2020”. Deep mineral sources development is the future trend of metal mineral industry; raise borers consumption and demand will rise in the near future. 1. INTRODUCTION Foreign raise borer industry has well developed, product performance and technology standard are much better than Chinese domestic

Award in Education and Training Group a

1478 words - 6 pages involved but also it damages the education of others in the group too. 3. Understand the relationships between teachers and other professionals in education and training. JOIN NOW FOR FREE 3.1 Explain how the teaching role involves working with other professionals. Boundaries are about knowing where your role as a teacher stops. Try not to get personally involved with your learners. Always remain professional and act with integrity and

“Examine the Reasons for Differences in Educational Achievement Between Different Ethnic Groups”

1368 words - 6 pages was greater in minority ethnic groups than the population as a whole. Shown by high levels of attendance at parent evenings and a greater sense of responsibility. James Watson a scientist suggests that there is a link between race and IQ. Professor Lynn suggests that IQ can be improved slightly if Environment is better. This can be hard to have a good working environment if certain ethnic groups are materially deprived. Richard Nisbett

Related Papers

The Differences In Education Between China And America

636 words - 3 pages Meng Ling Jun Professor Jami L.Josifek EMLLS 112 14 March 2013 The Differences in Education between China and America A large number of students from China are planning to attend college in the America over the next five years. However, there are many differences in education between China and America. In fact, it is hard to be successful in American college. How the Chinese student to be successful, and what are the differences in

Kosovo: Conflicts Between Serbians And Ethnic Albanians

2265 words - 10 pages Kosovo: Conflicts Between Serbians and Ethnic Albanians I. Introduction A. Thesis- The conflict between the Serbs and Albanians shows us the amount of intolerance with religious, political, and racial conflicts throughout the history of the relationship between the Serbs and Albanians. II. History of Kosovo A. Battles 1. 1913 Albanian rebellion against Serbian officials. 2. The cause was the rape of an Albanian women. B. Kosovo’s extra

The Path Between Santry And Hell

1068 words - 5 pages dishevelled Cocker Spaniel. I let out a startled, nervous laugh. The dog sat and gave me a mournful look. The full moon overhead cast enough light to make out large, black blotches on a white, long-haired body. The head was tilted to one side and a large panting tongue draped from exposed teeth. He was obviously alone for the field was empty but for us. The buzzing of a nearby pylon and muffled noise of traffic in the distance were the only

Development And Market Of Food Additives Industry In China

545 words - 3 pages June., 09, 2016, Mumbai, India: Market Reports on China presents the report, on “Development and Market of Food Additives Industry in China”. The industrial statistics indicated food additive industry is in a continuous development trend and going to stay on the trend in future few years. 1. INTRODUCTION Food additive is an important segment of food industry. As modern food industry developed, people have higher quality and safety