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Ethnical Studies Essay

5846 words - 24 pages

(UKM Ethnic Studies Papers)

Kertas Kajian Etnik UKM Bil. 2 (November) 2008
(UKM Ethnic Studies Papers No. 2 [November] 2008)

Many ethnicities, many cultures, one nation:
The Malaysian experience

Shamsul A. B.
[Shamsul Amri Baharuddin]


Cetakan Pertama / First Printing, 2008
Hak cipta / Copyright Penulis / Author
Institut Kajian Etnik (KITA)
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 2008

Hak cipta terpelihara. Tiada bahagian daripada terbitan ini boleh diterbitkan semula, disimpan untuk pengeluaran atau ditukarkan ke dalam sebarang bentuk atau dengan sebarang alat ...view middle of the document...

5. Nation – Malaysia.

Kertas Kajian Etnik UKM Bil. 1 (November) 2008
(UKM Ethnic Studies Papers No.1 [November] 2008)

Institut Kajian Etnik (KITA)
Institute of Ethnic Studies

Many ethnicities, many cultures, one nation:
The Malaysian experience

Shamsul Amri Baharuddin


Many ethnicities, many cultures, one nation:
The Malaysian experience


Malaysia, since Independence, had been in a state of ‘stable tension,’ which means that we have been living in a society dominated by many contradictions but we have managed to solve most of them through a continuous process of consensus-seeking negotiations, sometimes the process itself became a solution. The negotiations have taken many forms, some officials and others embedded in our daily interactions at marketplace, coffee shops and the like. In recent times, such activities are conducted in the cyber space, through the Internet, blogs and even through the use of mobile phones, especially, and SMSs. This paper argues that Malaysians clearly prefers “tongue wagging not parang (machete) wielding.” This simply means that they prefer to talk instead of resorting to violence. The paper presents three instances of how the negotiations take place and the implications for long-term harmonious ethnic relations in Malaysia.

Pelbagai etnisiti, pelbagai budaya, satu bangsa:
Pengalaman Malaysia


Malaysia, semenjak Merdeka, wujud dalam keadaan ‘ketegangan yang stabil’ (stable tension), yang menunjukkan bahawa biar pun selama ini kehidupan dalam masyarakat Malaysia sarat dengan kontradiksi, namun kita mampu menyelesaikan sebahagian besar daripadanya melalui proses perundingan yang bertujuan mencari konsensus, dan kadang-kadang proses itu sendiri menjadi penyelesai. Perundingan itu terdapat dalam pelbagai bentuk, sebahagiannya dilaksana secara rasmi dan selainnya tersirat dalam interaksi seharian di pasar, kedai kopi dan sepertinya. Akhir-akhir ini, kegiatan tersebut berlaku dalam ruang siber, melalui Internet, blogs malah melalui telefon bimbit menggunakan SMS. Kertas ini menghujahkan bahawa orang Malaysia lebih suka ”bertikam lidah daripada berparangan.’ Ringkasnya, orang Malaysia lebih suka berunding daripada menggunakan kekerasan. Kertas ini membentang tiga contoh perundingan tersebut dan mengupas implikasi janga panjang kegiatan ini terhadap kelestarian hubungan etnik yang harmonis di Malaysia.

Many ethnicities, many cultures, one nation:
The Malaysian experience

Malaysia a nation in the state of ‘stable tension’

It was some 39 years ago, on May 13 of 1969, that an open and bloody ethnic conflict broke out in Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia. Ethnic violence also occurred in a few other locations but away from Kuala Lumpur. Malaysia at that the time was a plural society created by British colonial economic policies, with a population of 56 percent Malay Muslims, 35 percent...

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