This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Ethnography In Esl Essay

628 words - 3 pages

Ethnography in ESL Review

Ethnography has recently become very popular in English as a Second Language (ESL). The basic idea behind ethnography is that experimental research cannot give us the same perspective as observations of true learning environments, such as classrooms, social environments, homes, etc. Ethnography looks at the moment to moment interactions within these environments. This enables the ethnographer to get a sense for the socioculture of the learning environment.
Watson-Gegeo defines ethnography as “the study of people’s behavior in naturally occurring, ongoing settings, with a focus on the cultural interpretation of behavior.” [Watson-Gegeo 1988, p. 576] The ethnographer observes a learning environment, noting all the interactions that are taking place. He then describes the outcome of those interactions and the participants’ understanding of their actions. Some people mistake ethnography with qualitative and natural research. While similar, ...view middle of the document...

” [p. 578]
Emic-Etic analysis is a characteristic of ethnography. It calls for the ethnographer to see each situation through the eyes of its participants and not through the eyes of the observer. Emic analysis refers to the cultural perspectives, interpretations of the participants and how they use them to derive knowledge, as well as guide their own behavior. Emit terms, concepts and categories focus on the participants’ behavior observed by the ethnographer. Thus, emic analysis paves the way for “etic extensions,” [p. 580] which make comparisons possible. Ethnographic comparisons depend on detailed emic work.
An ethnographer’s goal is to come up with a complete theory of the settings and culture of a learning environment. In order to reach this goal, an ethnographer must observe the learning environment, interview its participants, use audio and videotaping for closer analysis of the interactions, as well as collect documents and materials used in the environment. A complete ethnographic report should present examples that are a “result of systematic selection of representative examples. [p. 585]
Ethnography has become popular in ESL because there a few existing extensive studies of the ESL learning environment. Since culture plays such a big role in ESL, it is only natural that ethnographic study is called for. Students pick up language in various diverse environments. The student-teacher relationship is a perfect example. In a Japanese school, the teacher is always respected by the students and plays a small role in the parenting of the student. However, in the United States, the teacher is frequently disrespected by student and is expected to serve as a surrogate parent during the day. The American teacher is also always blamed for the lack of progress students make. The two environments teach the same material but have a very different culture.
The author ends the article with a summary of ethnographic research, pointing out the importance of “systematic, detailed and rigorous” [p. 588] research that is needed for a complete and successful ethnographic study.

Watson-Gegeo, A. K. (2008). Ethnography in ESL: Defining the essentials. TESOL Quarterly, 22, 575-589.

Other Essays Like Ethnography in Esl

Living In A Cashless Society Essay

1637 words - 7 pages Money in a traditional sense no longer exists. Money is becoming much of a concept than a physical material, and most ordinary bitter have not see the reality of the switch. People today are using credit and debit cards on a regular basis and in everyday situations such as meal purchased at fast food, highway tolls, clothing, groceries, gas stations, etc. all of these means of systems could be regarded as a cashless society or world. The

The French And Indian War: The "Real" First World War

1955 words - 8 pages The Seven Years War, or more commonly referred to as “The French and Indian War”, has been called the true First World War. In this book The French and Indian War: Deciding the Fate of North America, the author and historian Walter R. Borneman paints a detailed and elaborate picture that justifies the claim of it being the first true war of global proportions. If ever there truly was a climax to the never ending feud of the European

Is The Use Of Animals In Medical Research A Necessary Measure?

1513 words - 7 pages Throughout history, animals have been used in experiments to test product safety and obtain medical knowledge that benefits both humans and animals alike. Every year there are numerous medical breakthroughs, such as medications and surgical instruments, which are tested on animals to insure their safety before they are deemed acceptable for human use. Even though the results of the experiments saved millions of human lives, they are also

Education And The Evolving Job Market

2363 words - 10 pages The lives of students today are changing. They are preparing for lives and jobs that have never before existed. If teachers hope to have a significant and worthwhile impact on these quickly changing lives, they must change the way they think, prepare, and instruct our future generations. Children cannot afford to have teachers who remain stagnant in their methods and ideals. Students crave instructors that are willing to allow them to tap

Young And Relentless

1737 words - 7 pages There are numerous influences that can be responsible of teenager’s behaviors and attitude as they develop. One factor that is important to these behaviors is parental figures being over involved or uninvolved in their children’s lives. Many of these effects include illegal substance abuse, rising sexual activity, underage alcohol consumption, and tobacco use. Studies show parental participation plays a key role in the characteristics developed

The Natural Law Theory

1231 words - 5 pages Obeying by the natural law theory is the only true and moral way to live life; especially a life lived in God’s image. God’s presence is a guiding factor to obtaining a moral and virtuous life, which can only be obtained by following the natural law theory. God created a set of laws as a supreme guide for humans to live life, like any law these laws were created to ensure wellbeing for everyone. The laws he created are the civil law, the natural

Resolved: Presidential Signing Statements Threaten To Undermine The Rule Of Law And The Separation Of Powers

1811 words - 8 pages The subject of signing statements has created much debate among the houses of Congress, government officials, and the public alike. These signing statements fall under the categories of constitutional and legislative history signing statements. Constitutional signing statements are those in which the president deems certain provisions of the legislation as unconstitutional, therefore they should not be enforced (Bradley & Posner, 2006

Oppressive Systems Of Government In Egypt And Animal Farm

1529 words - 7 pages As in Egypt, Orwell demonstrates through his allegorical novel “Animal Farm” that leaders are able to establish and maintain power over a people, and in turn create an oppressive and corrupt government system. Orwell shows the significant difference in the education and levels of knowledge in the animals, and how the government takes advantage of this difference. The split between the levels of intelligence is portrayed in the first chapter

The Pathway To Psychosis

1415 words - 6 pages discovers that Claudius murdered his father in order to become king, and he takes it upon himself to avenge his father’s death. Throughout the play, the severe stress of the situation seems to take its toll on Hamlet putting him in a depressed state, and eventually over time he grows ‘mad’. To put in psychological terms, he developed psychosis. The question that this paper will address is how an individual develops psychosis

Rated “M” For “More Censorship Not Needed”

1241 words - 5 pages Since the moment video games became a commercial success there have been people who have pushed for unfair amounts of censorship to be placed upon the content of the games and its availability to children. These groups push for increased regulations on content but there is already an appointed group to handle this issue, the ESRB. Even though there has been an increase in mature content in the video game industry, increased censorship is not

Four Components Of A Legally Astute Social Media Marketing Manager

1914 words - 8 pages With the advances in technology constantly changing companies have to find better ways to market their products to consumers. The explosion of Facebook has given companies a way to market products to consumers. Examine how a legally astute manager can use social media to his advantage. Review different forms of dispute resolution and determine which one works the best. What is the best course of action, the government can use to

Related Papers

Linguistic Ethnography Essay

561 words - 3 pages A Linguistic Ethnography of my Family At the young age of 16, my father traveled alone in 1980, crossing two seas and one ocean, to arrive in the dream country, a place said to be the land of opportunity, where everyone and anyone could make it, as long as they work hard enough. As his plane touched down on the runway and my father realized where he was, his heart dropped. He was alone, going to live with an uncle he had never met. He carried

The Separation Of Capital Ownership And Control

1577 words - 7 pages The argument of whether the separation of capital ownership and control is an efficient form of organization has constantly been a controversial issue. The criticism whether the controllers’ act is in the best interest of the owners’ wills never end as long as hired managers operate management. As the number of public companies has been increasing over the course of this century, meanwhile the American style of contact based corporation has

The Versatility And Flexibility Of Oled's

1014 words - 5 pages In April 1, 2002, organic light emitting diodes gain rise in the scientific community with their published, more practical form at Ames Laboratory. “Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, in collaboration with scientists at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, have developed and demonstrated a novel, fluorescence-based chemical sensor that is more compact, versatile and less expensive than existing technology of its

Comparing The Moral Virtues Of Antony And Julian The Apostate

1103 words - 5 pages Roman emperor Julian the Apostate and Christian leader Antony both exhibited many qualities of character during their existence. Both of them led very distinctive lives although shared several ethical values. Book 25 of “The Later Roman Empire” and the book “Early Christian Lives” show concrete evidence of this. In the following essay, I will argue how both leaders’ lives were devoted to their religious beliefs and their mutual cardinal virtues