"Evaluate the claim that Person-Centred Therapy offers the therapist all that he/she will need to treat clients".
INTRODUCTION what my essay is about discussing etc.
My aim is to explore Carl Roger's theory that Person Centred Therapy was a complete system for therapists to offer help in a counseling way to clients presenting with a full array of issues. I will do this by establishing my understanding of the basic theory, discussing the strengths and weaknesses of Rogers theory and consider other opinions and criticisms.
Carl Rogers 1902-1987, he was born in Illinois, USA and he married his childhood sweetheart. He was university educated, he chose to join a Christian ...view middle of the document...
Self-actualisation or fulfillment is a continual challenge or journey to be experienced, not an end-state to be attained. This view of the nature of humanity directly contrasts with the conflict model implicit in psychodynamic theory, and the problem management or coping model implicit in behaviourism. It clearly figures in Rogers’ development of the concept of ‘A Way of Being’ and his notion of ‘Becoming a Person’, the titles of two of his most well-known books (Rogers, 1961,1980).
The humanistic approach states that the self is composed of concepts unique to ourselves. The components of self-concept:-
Self worth/self esteem - what we think about ourselves. Rogers believed feelings of self-worth developed in early childhood and were formed from the interaction of the child with the parents.
Self-image – how we see ourselves, which is important for our psychological health. Self-image includes the influence of our body image on inner personality. At a simple level, we might perceive ourselves as a good or bad person, beautiful or ugly. Self-image has an effect on how a person thinks feels and behaves in the world.
Ideal self – how we would like to be which consists of our goals and ambitions in life, and is ever changing. The ideal self in childhood is not the ideal self in our teens or late twenties etc.
Carl Rogers agreed with the main assumptions of Abraham Maslow added that for a person to "grow", they need an environment that provides them with genuineness (openness and self-disclosure), acceptance (being seen with unconditional positive regard), and empathy (being listened to and understood).
Initially he called it non-directive therapy before renaming it client centred therapy (which is now known as person-centred therapy) in the early 1950's . Also importantly Rogers deliberately used the term client rather than patient, as he felt by using the term patient, it implied the person was sick and seeking a cure. The term 'client" Rogers felt emphasised the importance of seeking assistance. He believed that every person can achieve their goals, wishes and desires in life. When, or rather if they did so, self actualization (to maintain, survive and enhance itself) took place. This was one of Carl Rogers most important contributions to psychology and for a person to reach their potential a number of factors must be satisfied.
Rogers identified five characteristics of the fully functioning person, which he felt were well adjusted, well balanced and interesting to know. Often such people are high achievers in society:
1. Open to experience: both positive and negative emotions accepted (rather than resort to ego defense mechanisms).
2. Existential living: in touch with different experiences as they occur in life, avoiding prejudging and preconceptions. Being able to live and fully appreciate the present, not always looking back to the past or forward to the future (i.e. living for the moment).
3. Trust feelings:...