Evaluate the claim that Person-Centred Therapy offers the therapist all that he/she will need to treat clients.
Within this essay I will be discussing the advantages and disadvantages of Person- Centred Therapy and to try and establish if a therapist can treat all their clients using just this one method or would a multi-disciplinary approach be more attractive and beneficial for successful therapy. I will look at the origins of Person-Centred Therapy with emphasis taking place on Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. I will also be explaining the fundamental foundations required for this therapy to be seen as person centred.
American psychologist, Abraham Maslow (1908 – 1970), a humanistic ...view middle of the document...
Abraham Maslow mentioned that individuals will move towards their needs and wants for fulfilment of love and sociability, the need to be with other human beings and desire to belong and be a part of a community, to know and to be known by others. Once this social need is met, individuals strive to move towards fulfilling their Self -Esteem needs; this includes gaining independence, increase in self- worth and confidence, recognition from others and having status and respect from family, friends and within employment. Abraham Maslow believed most individuals only fulfilled these four needs (physiological needs, safety needs, love/social needs and esteem needs). Abraham Maslow wanted to help individuals to move towards ‘Self-Actualisation’. This Abraham Maslow believed was the furthest point an individual could reach within the Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Abraham Maslow felt that this furthest point of ‘Self-Actualisation’ was the place where an individual was living their true self (this is the fulfilment of the individual’s personal potential) once all the other four needs were met.
American psychologist, Carl Rogers (1902 – 1987) was the founder and one of the first to play an important role in developing Person-Centred Therapy in the 1930’s. Person-Centred Therapy has also previously been known as Client-Centred, Non-Directive or Rogerian Therapy. Carl Rogers believed that therapy could be simpler, warmer and more optimistic compared to behavioural and psychodynamic psychologists. He believed that individuals would be better helped if they were encouraged to focus on their current perceived emotional understanding and their current environment then some unconscious motive or someone else’s interpretation.
Like Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers also believed that individuals constantly moved towards being a better person. Person-Centred Therapy is based on the Humanistic Philosophy, meaning that every individual has the ability to create a more positive and satisfying way of living or that each individual is responsible for self-change for their lives from within. Carl Rogers strongly believed that each human individual had the capacity to self-heal and gain personal growth which can lead them towards self-actualisation. He placed huge amounts of emphasis on focusing on the individual’s current perception and how they were living right now, really focusing on the here and now.
The theory places much importance on three attitudes for the therapeutic relationship to thrive and for therapy to be successful. The first is congruence; this is where the therapist is authentic, shows true genuineness and the willingness to relate to the client (the therapist has a good understanding of the clients model of the world) without hiding behind a professional façade. The second core condition is, unconditional positive regard, this is when the therapist accepts the client for who they are completely. This attitude can be shown by the therapist...