Evidence Based Practice Essay

2551 words - 11 pages

MODULE
Evidence based practise

The aim of this assignment is to analyse the rigour and validity of a piece of research using a published framework. The research article chosen was conducted by Jan Cooper and Alistair Harrison, and was published in the Journal of Advanced Nursing, 39:4,360-369.
The framework used is taken from Cormack, (2000), The Research Process in nursing (4th Ed). (See appendix 1). This framework defines and explains a step by step approach to critiquing a piece of research. Frameworks can be used as a springboard for the generation of research hypotheses, and can provide an important context for scientific research. (Polit & Hunger 1995).

Title
Cormack ...view middle of the document...

Cormack (2000) suggests that having knowledge of the author’s background would help the reader gain information on their suitability.

Abstract
Polit & Hungler (1999) recommend that an abstract should be a brief description of the summary and should contain approximately 100-200 words. Although Parahoo (1997) states that readers should not ask too much from an abstract as details are provided within the rest of the article. It would appear to the reader that this abstract provides enough information for the article to have a personal and professional interest. The reader has worked for some years in the field of palliative care and is keen to experience how other palliative care environments adapt to the audit process in measuring quality assurance.

Introduction
Cormack (2000) suggests that an introduction should include a discussion of the subject’s importance, and of the need for it to be researched. The research problem should be identified within the introduction. The reader feels that Cooper and Hewison have clearly identified the need for quality assurance within the NHS and have indicated the need for quality systems in all specialities including palliative care. This has been backed up with references from varying sources of research articles giving a purpose and clear rationale for this study.

Literature Review
Polit & Hungler (1993) suggest that a thorough literature review provides a foundation upon which to base new knowledge. The authors cite relevant references to support why clinical audit within palliative care was challenging to develop, however the reader feels that over half of the references utilised within the article are dated from (1989- 1994), which may give credibility to the statement that little has been researched within this particular field. Parahoo (1997) states, “if references are more than five years old, one must ask, whether there is more recent literature on the topic”. The author’s suggest the importance of selecting a suitable outcome measure to audit palliative care. Within the study the support team assessment scale (STAS) 1993, was deemed suitable. An interesting outcome to the reader was that on review of Higginson audit tool (1993), it was apparent that in 1998 Higginson produced the palliative outcome scale (POS), as a potential national audit tool for palliative care. The authors however make no mention of why the older STAS scale was used in preference over the latest POS scale. The use of the POS scale may have assisted in the assessment of patients and the monitoring the change and implementation of the audit.
When utilising a grounded theory method the researcher should avoid conducting a literature review prior to commencing data collection and analysis, Cutcliffe (2000). However Cormack (2000) suggests initial literature search can provide evidence that little is known about the subject under study, thus supporting the need for research and, more specifically the...

Other Essays Like Evidence Based Practice

Nursing Ethics and Evidence-Based Practice Relection Paper

932 words - 4 pages Reflection Essay Nursing Ethics and Evidence-Based Practice Rachel Lutz Professional Nursing December 10, 2010 Throughout this course I have been able educate myself on many areas of nursing that involve more than just patient care. One area that I found particularly interesting was ethical principlism. Ethical principlism involves using a set of ethical principles to provide framework that will support moral behavior and decision

Evidence Based Practice: Aseptic Technique for Peripheral Iv Insertion

1287 words - 6 pages Evidence Based Practice: Aseptic Technique for Peripheral IV Insertion Name: Course: Instructor’s Name Date: Introduction The significance of asepsis in the intravenous IV therapy is integral in the modern patient care because of the increased patients number requiring IV therapy due to changes in patterns of prescription and the today’s illnesses which has acute nature (Bofah et al, 2012). Peripheral Intravenous

The Role of Information Technology in Evidence-Based Medicine

1382 words - 6 pages Table OF Contents Introduction Background and Definition - Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) Effect of EBM in the healthcare industry Information Technology and the healthcare Industry Information Technology on Evidence-based Medicine Conclusion References Introduction Evidence-based medicine is the now the new paradigm in the healthcare industry. Information Technology plays an important role in the practice of evidence

ACC 290 Uop courses/Uophelp

535 words - 3 pages ABS 200 Entire Course ABS 200 Week 1 DQ 1 What is Applied Behavioral Science ABS 200 Week 1 DQ 2 Values and Ethics Guiding Generalist Practice ABS 200 Week 2 DQ 1 Empowerment ABS 200 Week 2 DQ 2 Theories on Groups ABS 200 Week 2 Critical Thinking Evidence Based Practice (EBP) and “Person-In-Environment” (PIE) ABS 200 Week 3 DQ 1 Types of Groups ABS 200 Week 3 DQ 2 Organizations and Power ABS 200 Week 3 Step One of Final Paper

Quality Improvement and Evidence Pased Practice

743 words - 3 pages doing research to see what was being done in the healthcare community to decrease these types of infection. They discovered that current research showed best results were achieved by implementing specific things in as specific way. The team then implemented action based on evidence based practice from what they discover was most instrumental in decreasing infection. As is outlined by the QSEN this facility used the best current evidence along with

Challenges and Responses to Geriatric Nursing

1771 words - 8 pages research, convincing seasoned/working nurses to update their practice with best practices initiatives (BPI) and evidence based protocols (EBP) and pursue advanced degrees, encouraging elderly population to be involved in their care, also persuading healthcare settings and hospitals to adopt nursing evidence-based protocols is important. In addition, the research presented will show how imperative it is for future nursing education to incorporate in

Cyber forensics

4043 words - 17 pages /piercech/researchmethods/generating%20a%20research%20hypothesis/generating%20a%20research%20hypothesis%20index.htm Generating a Research Hypothesis http://www.7safe.com/electronic_evidence/ACPO_guidelines_computer_evidence.pdf Good Practice Guide for Computer-Based Electronic Device http://icsa.cs.up.ac.za/issa/2005/Proceedings/Full/076_Article.pdf Johann Hershensohn, I.T.Forensics: The Collection and Presentation of Digital Evidence http://www.reminger.com/upload/banners/PRES-02162011.pdf Preservation of Evidence: An Overview

Manage Health and Social Care Practice to Ensure Positive Outcomes for Individuals

1901 words - 8 pages Manage Health and Social Care Practice to Ensure Positive Outcomes for Individuals. 1.1 Explain ‘outcome-based practice’ During the 1980’s, the term “evidence-based” care surfaced to describe the approach that used scientific evidence to determine the best practice. Evidence-based practice is a process that entails reviewing and instilling the most reliable and updated research in service user care. The goal of evidence-based practice is

Biopsychosocial Health

2554 words - 11 pages revising care and providing equality of access to services Effectiveness ■■ The effectiveness of practice and care is continuously monitored and improved as appropriate ■■ Practice and care are evidence-based, underpinned by research and supported by practice development Consent and confidentiality ■■ Explicit or expressed valid consent is obtained and recorded prior to sharing information or providing treatment or care 1

Challenges And Benefits

1459 words - 6 pages efficacy is either not available or has not been performed for many of these practices. If scientific investigation establishes the safety and effectiveness of an alternative medical practice, it may be adopted by conventional practitioners.[9][10] Because alternative techniques tend to lack evidence, some have advocated defining it as non-evidence based medicine, or not medicine at all. Some researchers state that the evidence-based approach to

Being Accountable

1034 words - 5 pages have a responsibility for the care they provide during their nursing practice. To whom is the professional nurse responsible and accountable? Nurses are accountable to the profession, their patients, their employers, and to themselves. Using evidence based practice encompasses all aspects of this obligation. This paper will explore this fundamental idea. Nurses have the responsibility to their patients to be clinically competent and provide

Related Papers

Evidence Based Practice Essay

1448 words - 6 pages Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice Sheila Wright Submitted to Sharon Mooney, RN, MSN in partial fulfillment of NR 460R Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing Regis University April 9, 2010 Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice Throughout history, nursing practice has experienced change. Florence Nightingale initiated the greatest change in nursing in the mid-1800’s when she gathered data regarding the morbidity and

Evidence Based Practice Essay

5045 words - 21 pages of one. Overall, the studies used in this paper supported the theory and PICO question that swaddling infants during painful procedures manages symptoms and even decreases infants’ pain. Even more favorable is that swaddling (for infants less than three months of age) is recommended for clinical practice as a cost-effective, non-pharmacological, non-invasive, evidence-based method that is easy to teach and implement and offers comfort to tiny

Evidence Based Practice In Nursing Essay

1417 words - 6 pages is there another method that is more effective. In a dynamic health care setting these questions are being asked to ensure quality care and safety for patients. Evidence based practices incorporates theory, clinical decision making and judgment, and knowledge of research to evaluate scientific evidence. Then, EBP applies the best, most cost effective and clinically meaningful evidence to nursing practice. (Melnyk BM; Fineout-Overholt E; Stone P

Evidence Based Practice Task 2 (Wgu)

3800 words - 16 pages Evidence Based Practice Task 1 Western Governors University Evidence Based Practice and Applied Nursing Research The nursing topic of interest is bedside handover, which is the concept of conducting shift handover at the patient’s bed instead of doing it at the front desk. Part A The article being analysed is: Tobiano, G., Chaboyer, W. & Murray, A. (2012). Family Members’ Perceptions of the