Exam #3 Study Guide
✓ What are the components of language? What is language? What does it mean to say that language is generative?
✓ How do nature and nurture play a role in language? Know what the associated theories are: nativism, social pragmatics, and general cognitive processing.
✓ What are the two brain areas responsible for language? What happens with damage?
✓ What are the general trends in language development?
✓ What are some ways to test language comprehension early on?
✓ What are overextension and underextension?
✓ Know the evidence for language-like capacities in nonhuman animals
✓ What is the evidence that nature and nurture contribute to development? When does nurture begin?
✓ What are some problems associated with studying development?
✓ Know the basic stages of prenatal development. What is the developmental trend ...view middle of the document...
What are the signs/symptoms of these disorders and how do they affect sex differences in behavior?
Emotions & Motivation
✓ What are emotions? What are the components of emotions?
✓ What are the theories of emotion? Which one is correct?
✓ How common are facial expressions? Across cultures? Across species? Across the lifespan?
✓ What is Motivation? What are the theories of motivation?
✓ Who was Kinsey? Who were Masters and Johnson?
✓ How are sexual desire and ability linked to hormones? In men? In women?
✓ What are the stages of sex?
✓ How common is homosexuality in humans? Other species?
✓ What are the hormonal, physiological, and neural components of homosexuality?
Stress and Health
✓ What is a stressor? A stress response?
✓ What are the three approaches to understanding stress?
✓ What are the two ways to measure stress?
✓ Who was Hans Selye? Walter Cannon?
✓ What happens to your body as a result of stress according to Selye? Modern theories? What is the argument that the stress response only fits men and not women?
✓ What is PTSD?
✓ How does prolonged stress affect your body and brain? How do Robert Sapolsky’s studies of baboons contribute to our understanding of prolonged stress?
✓ What are the costs and benefits of the stress response?
✓ What helps stress? Hurts it?
✓ How does your lifestyle affect your health?