This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Examine How The Media Causes Crime 21 Marks

1195 words - 5 pages

Examine how the media causes crime -21 Marks.
We live today in a media- saturated society. The media are all around us and crime is the central theme of their output, both fiction and non-fiction. Crime and deviance make up a large percentage of news coverage. For example, Richard Ericson et al’s study of Toronto found that 45-71% of quality press and radio news was about various forms of deviance and its control, while Williams and Dickinson found British newspapers allocate up to 30% of their news space to crime. However, many question whether media causes criminality.
There are frequent ways in which the media might possibly cause crime and deviance and this includes the glamorisation ...view middle of the document...

This state dependency led to a decline in marriage and the growth of lone parent families, because women and children can live off benefits. Lone mothers are ineffective socialisation agents, especially for boys. Absent fathers mean that boys lack paternal discipline and appropriate male role models. As a result, young males turn to other, often delinquent, role models on the street and gain status through crime. Despite saying this, right realism ignores wider structural causes such as poverty. Poverty is a feature that the media tend to emphasise.
Left realists see a more direct relationship between crime and the mass media. They argue that the mass media help to increase the sense of relative deprivation which is the feeling of being deprived relative to others- among poor and marginalised social groups. As Lea and Young put it: “The mass media have disseminated a standardized image of lifestyle.” In today’s society, where even the poorest groups have media access, the media displays everybody with images of a money-orientated life, full of consumer goods as the norm to which they should conform. This then leads to a pressure to conform, as Merton argues, causing deviant behaviour when the chance to achieve by legitimate means is obstructed. In this instance, the media are instrumental in setting the norm and therefore in encouraging crime. Although for many, relative deprivation cannot fully explain crime because not all those who experience it commit crime. The theory over predicts the amount of criminality.
James Mersserschmidt, looks at another factor that causes crime. He argues that masculinity is a social construct or “accomplishment” and men have to constantly work at constructing and presenting it to others. In doing so, some men have more resources than others to draw upon. Messerchmidt sees crime and deviance as resources that different men may use for accomplishing masculinity. However, the media could be seen to have created this need for accomplishing masculinity as the media displays and places emphasis on the perfect masculine figure.
One way in which the media may cause crime and deviance is through labelling and an important element in this process is the creation of moral panic. A moral panic is a hyperbolic over-reaction by society to an apparent problem –usually driven or stimulated by the media where the response amplifies the problem out of all proportion to its real seriousness. In a moral panic, the media identify a group as a folk devil, presenting them in a negative, stereotypical manner. People then begin to condemn the group for their...

Other Essays Like Examine How the Media Causes Crime -21 Marks

Using Material from Item a and Elsewhere Assess the Different Sociological Explanations of Suicide. (21 Marks)

1130 words - 5 pages . He argues that the meanings of suicide can vary between cultures and the motives and meanings must be understood within their own social and cultural context. This means that Durkheim’s attempts to compare rates across cultures are faced with problems. Douglas also criticises Durkheim for aiming to categorize suicide in terms of their social causes. He argues that death should be classified according to its actual meaning and to do this

Examine the Factors Affecting the Domestic Division of Labour and Power Relations Between Couples (20 Marks)

566 words - 3 pages Examine the factors affecting the domestic division of labour and power relations between couples (20 marks). The domestic division of labour refers to the tasks that men and women do in relation to housework, childcare, and paid work. Sociologists are interested in the factors that affect domestic division of labour and whether men and women share domestic tasks equally. A factor affecting the domestic division of labour and power relations

Examine the Main Trends in Births and Deaths in the United Kingdom Since 1900. (24 Marks)

615 words - 3 pages Assignment 4 Examine the main trends in births and deaths in the United Kingdom since 1900. (24 marks) The birth rate is the amount of live births per 1000 per year. The death rate is the amount of deaths per 1000 per year. These statistics show that the rates are constantly changing patterns and they show that the rates are both decreasing. The birth rate is in decline. There was a 0.3 per cent drop in the overall number of live births

Examine the Ways in Which Childhood Can Be Said to Be Socially Constructed (24 Marks)

1196 words - 5 pages and in our culture, many different factors contribute to this construction. One of the most notable things to examine when looking at what causes childhood to be socially constructed is the work of Aries (1960). Aries used secondary sources and paintings to study middle age childhood in Britain. He found that children were essential mini-adults and that the law often made no distinction between children and adults. Children worked, they were

Domestic Violence Is A Serious Crime In The United Kingdom. What Are The Underlying Causes Of Such Crime? How Might They Best Be Tackled?

1921 words - 8 pages causes the victim to stay put and be too frightened to speak up.It has also been recognised that domestic violence can affect all walks of life from the upper class to those not so fortunate. Domestic abuse is not always about physical assault but also sexual abuse, rape, intimidation and threats both leading to mental abuse, which is considered a criminal offence. This type of physical violence can lead to other forms of intimidation which may

Critically Examine What the Concept of Social Harm Might Offer to Understanding of the Complexities of Crime

2008 words - 9 pages Critically examine what the concept of “social harm” might offer to understandings of the complexities of “crime”. The complexities of crime can be understood in depth when examine through the concept of social harm. As a starting point it is necessary to provide the definition of crime and that of social harm. Continuing through the use of examples will critically examine how the concept of social harm influences positive and negative

Does the News Media Exaggerate the Extent of Drug Related Crime?

3424 words - 14 pages Does the news media exaggerate the extent of drug-related crime? “Legal drug teen ripped off his own scrotum.” Although a seemingly facetious example, the above quote serves to illustrate the descent of drug use, and the crimes induced, inspired, defined by and systemic of drug abuse, into what Cohen described as a ‘moral panic’; "A condition, episode, person or group of persons [who] become defined as a threat to societal

Explain How Bentham’s Version of Utilitarianism May Be Used to Decide on the Right Course of Action. (25 Marks)

856 words - 4 pages Explain how Bentham’s version of Utilitarianism may be used to decide on the right course of action. (25 marks) Utilitarianism is a teleological theory. It states that something is morally right if it produces pleasure and it’s morally wrong if it produce pain. The principle of Utility refers to the greatest amount of pleasure or happiness for the greatest number of people. According to Bentham, most moral acts are those that maximise

Assess How the Media Affect People's Opinions of Schizophrenia

1035 words - 5 pages Essay The media likes to report shocking things that will help them get interest into their article and get people to read it. Newspapers, like the S*n, don’t care how bad a light they paint potentially innocent or unfortunate people in and this can paint a negative light towards a certain race, culture or other things. They are only bothered about money and not people’s feeling and give a biased view towards everything. Most papers are ok

How the Affects of Economics, Crime, and Prevention Is Affecting America

5375 words - 22 pages these theories look at the country of America and present differing explanations of the causes of crime in this country (Merton 1938; 1949; 1957; 1968; 1995; 1997; 1999; Clubb, 2001). Robert Merton seeks to explain crime in terms of a strain to anomie’ while Elliott Currie’ sees crime as a product of the factors associated with market society. These theories may concentrate specifically on America they are of general application; therefore, one can

Using Examples From The Australian Context Examine How Families And Family Roles Have Changed Over The Past 100 Years. Discuss How Recent Social And Cultural Changes Have Affected The Family

1534 words - 7 pages formality of a marriage contract marks a major shift in family patterns (Briggs, 1994).People are resources to the society and people are the constitutes of a society. The family enables the making of a society by producing and rearing children to substitute people who die off (Strong and Devault, 1986). The advancement in technology however, hampers the family's function of reproduction. Abortions have become more readily accessible and the

Related Papers

Assess The Value Of The Right Realist Approach To Crime And Deviance. (21 Marks)

684 words - 3 pages Assess the value of the right realist approach to crime and deviance. (21 marks) Right realists argue that crime today is a very real and growing problem. Right Realists argue that crime threatens society’s work ethic, social cohesion and destroys communities in society. Unlike other theories, Right realism focuses on the solutions for crime alongside the explanation of what causes crime in society, this approach also criticise labelling and

Examine The Ways In Which Two Of The Following Agencies May Shape The Process Of Socialisation: Family; Education; Mass Media; Religion. (24 Marks)

931 words - 4 pages Examine the ways in which two of the following agencies may shape the process of socialisation: family; education; mass media; religion. (24 marks) Socialisation is the process of learning social norms and values, these for example, things like manners and ways to behave around people and what behaviour is suitable for your gender. From birth onwards all individuals go through a process of socialisation during which they learn the norms and

The Causes Of Crime Essay

1558 words - 7 pages with criminal mindsets, and this is unchangeable. However, criminals are not a product of heredity. They are a product of their environment and how they react to it. This may seem like a bogus assumption, but is undoubtedly true. There is a study devoted to finding the causes of crime and what makes people criminals. This study is appropriately called criminology. There are two main theories which criminologists categorize causes of crime, and

Assess The Functionalist View Of The Domestic Division Of Labour. (21 Marks)

802 words - 4 pages Assess the functionalist view of the domestic division of labour. (21 marks) Domestic division of labour refers to the roles me and women play, in relation to housework, childcare and paid. Functionalist such as Young and Willmott believe and see that the family domestic division of labour has taken a ‘march of progress’. With this march of progress view they believe that the family life improving for all members within in the family and it’s