This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Examine The Main Trends In Births And Deaths In The United Kingdom Since 1900. (24 Marks)

615 words - 3 pages

Assignment 4

Examine the main trends in births and deaths in the United Kingdom since 1900. (24 marks)
The birth rate is the amount of live births per 1000 per year. The death rate is the amount of deaths per 1000 per year. These statistics show that the rates are constantly changing patterns and they show that the rates are both decreasing.
The birth rate is in decline. There was a 0.3 per cent drop in the overall number of live births from 708,711 in 2008 to 706,248 in 2009 - the first annual drop since 2001. The rate is still in decline. There are many different reasons why this is happening. One reason is the changes in the position of women. They can finally go somewhere in life, rather than have to stay at home doing domestic work as they have broken through the ‘glass ceiling’. Another reason is the decline in ...view middle of the document...

In 2012, statistics show there being 700,000 babies born. This is the biggest amount since 1971.
The death rate is also in decline. There were 484,367 deaths registered in England and Wales in 2011 compared with 493,242 in 2010, a fall of 1.8%. There are also many reasons why there is such a decline. One reason is improved nutrition. McKeown argues that this is a major factor as it increased the chances of survival from infection. Another reason is medical improvements such as advances in antibiotics and research and higher standards in hospitals and the introduction of the NHS. Another reason is the public health measures and environmental improvements. More effective governments led to better housing, purer drinking water, improved sanitation and the Clean Air Acts reduced air pollution. Another reason is the decline in dangerous manual occupations such as mining. There are health and safety laws now to prevent harm. A final reason is people having smaller families and so infection is less likely to get passed on.
Currently, the population is growing older. Statistics show that in 1821 there were large numbers of young people but few survived to old age. 27% of the population was under 10 years old and 1% of the population was over 80 years old. In 2004, however, there were fewer young people but they survived longer. 12% of the population was under 10 years old and 4% over 80 years old. The reasons for this are the increase of life expectancy, the decline of the infant mortality rate and the decline in the fertility rate. This leads to an unbalanced society where there are a lot more old people than younger people.
In conclusion, the birth rate and the death rate are both in decline. There are different contributing factors for both situations and it seems that the trend is going to be continuous and so eventually the change from now to the future could be a huge difference, just like comparing now to 1900.

Other Essays Like Examine the Main Trends in Births and Deaths in the United Kingdom Since 1900. (24 Marks)

Education Policy in U.S.a and United Kingdom

3724 words - 15 pages specificity in comparison for this essay, the main focus is going to be on England’s education system and policies, which are formulated and implemented by the United Kingdom government. The Department for Business, Innovation and Skills together with the Department of Education oversees the education activities in England. Policies for state schools and public education are implemented by the local authorities (Machin &Vignoles, 2005

Explain Systems That Calculate and Justify Charges for Domiciliary Care in the United Kingdom?

529 words - 3 pages Explain systems that calculate and justify charges for domiciliary care in the United Kingdom? Domiciliary fees are considered from two directions namely bottom up associated with the cost of wages and salaries and the cost of running of the business and secondly what the market will accept as an acceptable fee i.e. competition. The fees are paid by public funds namely social services, direct pay and community health care (NHS) and by

Examine Different Sociological Views on Changes in the Experience of Childhood in the Past 50 Years or so. (24)

732 words - 3 pages Many sociologists see childhood as socially constructed; as something created and defined by society. Many argue that what people mean by childhood, and the position that children occupy in society, is not fixed but differs between different times, places and cultures. It can be seen that by comparing the western idea of childhood today with childhood in the past and other societies. It can be determined by many sociologists that there have been

Examine the Factors Affecting the Domestic Division of Labour and Power Relations Between Couples (20 Marks)

566 words - 3 pages Examine the factors affecting the domestic division of labour and power relations between couples (20 marks). The domestic division of labour refers to the tasks that men and women do in relation to housework, childcare, and paid work. Sociologists are interested in the factors that affect domestic division of labour and whether men and women share domestic tasks equally. A factor affecting the domestic division of labour and power relations

How Far Do You Agree That the Brutality of the Bolsheviks Was the Main Reason Why They Remained in Power in the Years 1917-24?

834 words - 4 pages To a large extent I believe that the brutality of the Bolsheviks was the main reason why they remained in power. However on the other hand it could be due to other factors such as the Sovnarkom and the weakness of the White’s. Firstly another reason why the Bolsheviks remained in power was because of their brutality using the CHEKA. This was established by Lenin on the 20th of December 1917. It was used as a secret police force to deal with

CCTV; Great Expectations, Minor Protection Final Paper: The Deployment And Failure Or Success Of Public CCTV Systems In The United Kingdom Against Crime, Terrorism And Overall Public Opinion

1942 words - 8 pages Recent acts of terrorism are surprising unsuspecting nations all over the world, and it is not an act that will soon be outdated, but rather a new guerilla warfare that is gaining popularity among its supporters. In the early '90's the United Kingdom suffered violent terrorist attacks by the hands of the IRA, which used fear as its main tactic to disturb the lives of innocent people. In response to those attacks, the United Kingdom decided to

Examine Reasons for Change in Divorce Rate Since 1970

1039 words - 5 pages Examine the reasons for changes in divorce rate since 1970 Since the 1960’s divorce rate began to increase dramatically but the biggest rise in divorce rate was in 1972 when it doubled and was 120,000. The divorce rate continued to rise and in 1993 reached its peak at 180,000. There has been explanations for the rise in divorce which are: secularisation, changes in law, divorce had become cheaper and also changing attitudes in society

Using Material from 1b and Elsewhere, Assess the View That Marriage Remains a Patriarchal Institution. (24 Marks)

1062 words - 5 pages to examine the essay. Murdock argues that the sheer practicality of the nuclear family is a way of meeting four needs whereas Parsons says the family may meet more needs too for example political or religious functions. Also, the overall patterns and changes in the families and households over time according to factors such as the geographical workforce and the social workforce. Functionalists visualise society as a system made up of

Examine How the Media Causes Crime -21 Marks

1195 words - 5 pages Examine how the media causes crime -21 Marks. We live today in a media- saturated society. The media are all around us and crime is the central theme of their output, both fiction and non-fiction. Crime and deviance make up a large percentage of news coverage. For example, Richard Ericson et al’s study of Toronto found that 45-71% of quality press and radio news was about various forms of deviance and its control, while Williams and Dickinson

China in Terms of the Middle Kingdom

620 words - 3 pages they truly were. They were not aware that in the western hemisphere of the world there were civilizations as well. It was not until the 1900’s that they firmly believed that they were the center of the world and what was surrounding them were savages. The term middle kingdom that China had adopted was surrounded by a firm belief. One of the biggest ones was on how they worked together and contributed much to their modern attitude towards the

Assess the Usefulness of the Functionalist View of the Family (24 Marks)

670 words - 3 pages Assess the usefulness of the functionalist view of the family. (24 marks) Functionalists believe that society is based on a value consensus – a set of shared norms and values – into which society socialises its members. This enables them to cooperate harmoniously to meet society’s needs and achieve shared goals. They view the family unit as a construct that fulfils important functions and keeps society running smoothly. Functionalists

Related Papers

Examine The Ways In Which Childhood Can Be Said To Be Socially Constructed (24 Marks)

1196 words - 5 pages and in our culture, many different factors contribute to this construction. One of the most notable things to examine when looking at what causes childhood to be socially constructed is the work of Aries (1960). Aries used secondary sources and paintings to study middle age childhood in Britain. He found that children were essential mini-adults and that the law often made no distinction between children and adults. Children worked, they were

Examine The Ways In Which Two Of The Following Agencies May Shape The Process Of Socialisation: Family; Education; Mass Media; Religion. (24 Marks)

931 words - 4 pages Examine the ways in which two of the following agencies may shape the process of socialisation: family; education; mass media; religion. (24 marks) Socialisation is the process of learning social norms and values, these for example, things like manners and ways to behave around people and what behaviour is suitable for your gender. From birth onwards all individuals go through a process of socialisation during which they learn the norms and

Economic And Social Challenges In The United Kingdom And Their Impact On Business

3729 words - 15 pages . . [ 9 ]. Unemployment in the United Kingdom.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 26 May 2014. Web. 30 May 2014. . [ 10 ]. Bell, David N.F., and David G. Blanchflower. "UK Unemployment in the Great Recession." UK Unemployment In The Great Recession. David N.F.Bell* and David G. Blanchflower** This Paper Considers Some of the Implications of the Increase in UK Unemployment since the Beginning of the Great (2010): R3-R13. Dartmouth

Identify And Outline Briefly Major Trends In Approaches To Organisation And Management Since The Beginning Of The 20th Century

2136 words - 9 pages Identify and Outline Briefly Major Trends in Approaches to Organisation and Management Since the Beginning of the 20th Century | MD2206 Management, Organisation and Strategy | David Forrest | Natalie Louise Jones 20494877 | Word Count: 1938 Pages: 8 | Identify and Outline Briefly Major Trends in Approaches to Organisation and Management Since the Beginning of