Examine the ways in which two of the following agencies may shape the process of socialisation: family; education; mass media; religion. (24 marks)
Socialisation is the process of learning social norms and values, these for example, things like manners and ways to behave around people and what behaviour is suitable for your gender. From birth onwards all individuals go through a process of socialisation during which they learn the norms and values of their society and certain factors influence your interpretation of society and what norms and values you have been taught.
Family socialisation begins the process through which learn and develop to be the adult persons they become. For ...view middle of the document...
In addition to child rearing practices, rewarding, threatening, punishing, bargaining and pleading help to socialize a particular child. Intention of all these methods is to make the child conformed to the society.
As far as sociologists are concerned, early childhood experiences affect the personality development. Both love and affection of parents strongly influence the development of his personality. At the same time, lack of warmth, love and affection form an affectionless figure or personality. When a particular individual has both over-affections, he becomes an unbalanced character. The individual who has the excessive love and affection is not self-confident while who is rejected can be harmful to the society. Research has also shown that middle class families shows more encouragement when it comes down to education. Also from socialisation of the family we learn the correct behaviour for our gender.
Another agency of socialisation would be the mass media. This influences the decisions we make and what opinions we have towards society. The Mass Media are the different processes that facilitate communication between the sender of a message and the receiver of that message. It plays an important role in the socialisation of children. In fact, there are many types of media; these include newspapers, magazines, radio, films, CDs, Internet, and television. These kinds of media, especially television, affect children's and adult's behaviour in different ways.
Having the mass media as one of our major agents of socialisation could be very hard on our society today. When watching different TV shows seeing all those actors and actresses with these great figures hurt many people in the society today. In other ways watching TV could be a...