NCFE Level 3 Diploma for Children and Young People’s Workforce
Understand Child and Young Person Development
Task 1. Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth- 19 years.
There are 4 areas of development; Physical, social, intellectual and language development. The milestones in these areas increase, as the person gets older.
Babies are born with many reflexes such as swallowing and sucking reflexes, rooting reflexes, grasping reflexes, startle reflexes and walking and standing reflexes. Most babies are born with these reflexes, if a baby is born before the fortieth week, and are described as premature, then ...view middle of the document...
The baby will have gained the ability to raise their head and turn it from side to side and will now be able to smile.
6-9 months –
Between 6-9 months the baby will be gaining strength and will now be able to sit up if they are supported and will be able to roll over from their backs to their fronts. The baby will appear a lot more alert and will turn their heads to see what is happening around them. Babies will have developed the ability to grab toys and move it from one hand to the other. The baby will be learning about new objects by putting them in their mouths and the baby will be beginning to try to feed itself by grabbing at spoons when being fed. Between 6-9 months the baby will also start getting their first teeth.
9-12 months –
Between 9-12 months the baby will be starting to move around a lot more. They will have developed the ability to sit up unsupported and will be finding ways to be mobile. The ability to crawl will be developed within the ages of 9-12 months. A baby will also be developing their fine motor skills, as they will now have a better physical ability to hold and explore toys. This is usually done by the baby putting the toys or objects in their mouths, the baby will also have better ability to touch objects and feel different textures.
1-2 years -
The baby will have a much greater ability to crawl and will be very mobile between 1-2 years of age. They will have started standing up and holding onto furniture in order to balance themselves. Babies will then start to begin to cruise, by walking while holding onto pieces of furniture. By 18 months the child will have started walking and be called a toddler. The toddler will walk in a side-to-side movement and will start to move very quickly once they have learnt to balance efficiently. The toddler’s eyesight will be developed to the same as an adult, which will help them to explore a lot more. Their fine motor skills will have improved greatly and they will now enjoy touching and moving objects. A toddler will enjoy organising objects into shapes or colours and a strong feature of their play is the way in which they enjoy repeating an action over and over again – such as sorting shapes into a shape sorter box. A toddler will be able to sit up and feed itself using their fingers. Between 18-24 months a toddler will be able to play on outdoor equipment such as sit and ride toys and will be capable of pushing themselves off of the ground and propel themselves forward on their chosen toys.
2-4 years –
Between 2-4 years a child will be a lot more confident in their movements. They will be able to run and climb independently and will try to copy tasks, which they see adults doing. The child will be able to pick up objects from the floor and play with them. They will become more confident doing more complex physical movements such as spinning around and will enjoy playing games such as ‘tag’ with adults and other children. Some 2 year olds will be beginning to...