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Explain The Sequence And Rate Of Each Aspect Of Development That Would Normally Be Expected In Children And Young People From Birth – 19 Years

857 words - 4 pages

Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development that would normally be expected in children and young people from birth – 19 years

Birth – 1 month:
Sleeps 20 hours a day
Crying – main form of communication – fosters early interaction.
Begins to have distinct facial expressions.
Moves around more.
Focuses both eyes together.
Can detect smells.
Sensitive to touch.
Uses reflexes.
Focuses on source of sound.
2 – 3 months:
Visual and oral exploration.
Cries, coos and grunts.
Emotional distress.
Smiles at a face – social smiling.
Imitates some movements and facial expressions.
Begins to realize he/she is a separate person from others.
Can be comforted by a ...view middle of the document...

Begins self-evaluation.
Conscience starts to appear.
Groups objects by category.
Points to common objects when they are named.
Recounts events that happened that day.
Assertive about his/her preferences.
Displays aggressive feelings/behaviours.
Shows awareness of gender identity.
3 – 4 years:
Theory of mind – understanding of how the mind works and how it influences behaviour.
Likes to share.
Plays with other children.
Practices gender role activities.
Curiosity – asks many why and how questions.
Begins dramatic play – acting out whole scenes.
Shows awareness of past and present.
Uses and understands sentences.
Can sing a song.
4 – 5 years:
Dresses himself/herself.
Talks clearly.
Uses adult sounds.
Uses more complex grammar.
Reads a story.
Prefers sex appropriate activities.
Can draw, name and describe pictures.
Shows some understanding of moral reasoning.
Compares himself/herself to others.
Develops friendships.
Expresses more awareness of other people’s feelings.
Retells a story.
Understands the sequencing of events when clearly explained.
Enjoys imaginative play with other children.
6 – 12 years:
Growing independence.
Common fears include the unknown, failure, family problems, rejection and death.
Friends are most commonly the same sex.
Begins to see others’ point of view more clearly.
Defines himself/herself in terms of appearance, possessions and activities.
Are self-conscious.
Tattling – a common way to attract adult attention.
Feelings get easily hurt.
Needs about 10 hours of sleep a night.
Begins to think about his/her own behaviour and see consequences.
Can talk through problems to solve them.
12 – 14 years:
Trying to find his/her identity.
Rapid body changes from puberty (girls mature before boys.
Greater interest in privacy.
Can express himself/herself better.

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