This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Fall The Tsar 1917 Essay

1468 words - 6 pages

Downfall of Tsar 1917
How far do you agree that it was the misjudgments by Nicholas II after 1911 that caused the collapse of tsardom in 1917? [20]
Many factors contributed to the fall of the Tsar, which led to the end of the Romanov family, who had ruled for three hundred years. Much of this was because of the tsar’s own misjudgments and his personal failings. However, there were many other factors as well, such as the autocracy, the World War I, the military failures once the Tsar took personal command, the role of Rasputin and his poor ministers. Examining all these reasons, it must be noted that each of these reasons resulted because the Tsar was unable to handle them. If he had taken ...view middle of the document...

Nicholas bowed before the pressure and allowed the Duma to reassemble. However, Tsar made his view clear that he should have sole control over the conduct of the war by rejecting the duma’s proposal of replacing his incompetent cabinet with members from the duma. In doing so, he destroyed the last opportunity he would have of retaining the support of the politicaly progressive parties, which formed a ‘Progressive Bloc.’ Initially, this bloc was meant to help the tsar, however, he was not willing to listen to the block. And as a result, the Tsar and his government showed themselves increasingly incapable of running the war, which changed the Block from a supporter to a source of political resistance. Further more, his alienated the key sections of the society he depeded on for support. This could be seen when an aristocratic member of the duma took the lead in 1917 in refusing to disband on the tsar’s orders. Therefore, the Tsar’s limited powers of judgment blind him to the need to make an accommodation with his natural supporters and hence this resulted in a growth of opposition as well as weakening of the support of the tsardom to withstand it. Indeed, the most significant opposition came from those whose had been the tsar’s keenest supporters in 1914. Another mistake he made was to not cooperate fully with the non-government organizations such as Union of Zemstvos and the Union of Municipal Councils, which at the beginning of war had been willing to work with him. Failure to do that, highlighted the government’s own failures, loss the Tsar a source of support and hinted that there might be a workable alternative to tsardom.
The Tsar made a number of crucial errors in his handling of the war, the most significant being his decision in 1915 to take direct command of Russia’s armed forces. This in effect tied the fate of the Romanov Dynasty to the success or otherwise of Russia’s army. This also cut him off from information about the situation in St. Petersburg, now renamed Petrograd. In 1914, there had been very genuine enthusiasm for the tsar – which he hoped would happen; however, within 3 years, this enthusiasm wholly evaporated, even among dedicated tsarists. This was because of the many military failures. After a year, Russian casualties were approaching a staggering 4 million killed, wounded, captured or missing. The problem was no the lack of resources but poor administration and lack of liaison between the government departments responsible for supplies. Rodzianko, the president of the duma, undertook a special fact-finding study in 1916 of conditions in the army. The clear implication in his account was that the strong central leadership, which the war effort desperately needed, was not being provided. This was Nicholas’ II own fault. His decision to become Commander-in-chief made him a hostage to fortune. Now he was personally responsible for Russia’s performance. Lack of success could no longer be blamed on his appointees.
With...

Other Essays Like Fall the Tsar 1917

To What Extent Was the Impact of the First World War Responsible for the Downfall of Tsarism in March 1917?

1720 words - 7 pages the autocracy than simply wanting to obtain food. These strikes only made the situation worse for the Tsar went more than half the workforce of Petrograd went on strike. At first the Tsar relied on the army to keep control, as in the 1905 Revolution, when the Tsarist dynasty has survived because of their support, yet their loyalty was to be short lived. On the 25th February 1917, the Cossack troops, who had traditionally been loyal to the Tsar

February Revolution Essay

2896 words - 12 pages of a costly war, but it also needed a good hard push, from many smaller contributors simultaneously, to bring about the fall of autocracy in Russia. The February revolution was not inevitable as historian Bernard Pares argues that, “…those essential changes which were required in Russia could come without convulsions, and they very nearly did.” The decisions and actions from Tsar Nicholas, the Petrograd protesting masses, the revolutionary

ww1 responsible for downfall of Tsarist regime

1150 words - 5 pages It was Tzar Nicholas 2 political naivete and extreme obstinance that led to the downfall of the Russia It was Tzar Nicholas 2 political naivete and extreme obstinance that led to the downfall of the Russia Certain aspects of Tsar Nicholas 2's behaviour definitely contributed to bringing about the fall of the Russian Empire, however most of these qualities were not weaknesses in character as such, they were qualities we would associate with

problems faced by the Tsar

1148 words - 5 pages How far was Nicolas ll personally responsible for the problems of the Tsarist regime in Russia? It was Tzar Nicholas 2 political naivete and extreme obstinance that led to the downfall of the Russia Certain aspects of Tsar Nicholas 2's behaviour definitely contributed to bringing about the fall of the Russian Empire, however most of these qualities were not weaknesses in character as such, they were qualities we would associate with

Russia Stuff

1901 words - 8 pages Home Learning: Russia and World War 1 Big question – Did World War One bring about the downfall of the Tsar in February 1917? Deadline: Hand this cover sheet in with your Home Learning Date handed in to teacher: Insert date Minimal effort - repeat More effort required for next time Excellent effort Teacher comments if appropriate 1. How well did Russia perform militarily in the war? * Initial patriotism. At the beginning of the war, all

Evaluation of Stolypin's Reforms

2281 words - 10 pages classes Between 1905 to 1917, there was the introduction and dissolving of four Dumas, all of which failed. The leftist majority in the First Duma caused chaos as they were in favor of extensive appropriation of the land. The demands made by Duma representatives would surely have led to the overthrow of the Tsar, thus Nicholas II ended it in July 1906. Following the collapse of the first Duma, Stolypin was appointed Prime Minister. He

Rule Of Lenin Vs The Tsar

989 words - 4 pages when elections were held in 1917 and he did not win he closed down the Assembly and called in his army (red army) to destroy political opposition. He believed this was necessary in order for communism to work and promised that in time there would be no need to have any leader at all. It is clear that under the rule of both Lenin and the Tsar the people were unable to have any political opinions as they were ruled under a

Russian Church

2449 words - 10 pages century. After the civil war and Polish intervention during the Time of Troubles (1598-1613), Mikhail Romanov, as the legend went, was elected by the entire Russian population, therefore reuniting the Holy Russian land behind the Romanov dynasty and saving Orthodox Russia from the Catholics. (Carr 125). The idea of Russia as a holy land contributed to the Tsar s position not as a king ruling with a divine right, but a god on earth. There was, in fact

Tsar Nicholas Ii Downfall

1872 words - 8 pages Asses the extent to which Tsar Nicholas II can be held personally responsible for the collapse of the Russian monarchy. ‘What weakened the Tsarist regime in the period before 1917 was not its tyranny but its incompetence’. A small portion of Tsar Nicholas II’s downfall can be seen as his own accountability; however his autocratic ruling style, mixed with the inevitable disasters that were to come his way was a recipe for failure. Due to

Why Did the 1905 Russian Revolution Fail

550 words - 3 pages 1917, the revolution would have inevitably been successful. A revolution means to forcibly overthrow a government or social order, for a new system. However, this simply cannot be possible if the state authority (controlled by the government) does not collapse. The survival of state authority was fundamentally the reason for the failure of the 1905 revolution. Trotsky once said “although with a few broken ribs, (the Tsarist system) had come

Could Tsarism Have Saved Itself In The Last Decade Of The XIX Century And The First Decade Of The XX Century?

1778 words - 8 pages Tsarism was a arch-conservative government that had problems in fitting itself into the modern world and coping with its changes. Russia was catching up with the European progress and its economy and society was still very primitive. For Tsar Nicholas to change that it would take time and require knowledge a strong leader has, however the Tsar certainly was not a brilliant leader, what would make things difficult for Monarchy to survive but

Related Papers

1917 Russian Rveolution Essay

1032 words - 5 pages mainly caused by the failure of leadership of tsar Nicholas the 2nd. All his traditional supporters lost faith in him and this is how it all started. The revolution however was not the result of a social or political movement but a consequence of war and the Bolsheviks played no part. Using source 2.3: “The fall of the Russian monarchy was accomplished over a ten-day period from 23 February to 4 March 1917. Ten days of popular demonstrations

The Extent To Which The March 1917 Revolution In Russia Was Caused By World War One

1355 words - 6 pages The Extent to Which the March 1917 Revolution in Russia was Caused by World War One In March 1917, a revolution arose in Russia after it had been struggling with social, political and economical problems. Workers began riots in the streets and soon after soldiers joined too. The Tsar had lost all power over Russia, and on the 2nd of March, was forced to abdicate on a train outside of Russia, not able to go back. This

Asses The Nature Of The Opposition To The Tsarist Regime In Russia In The Period 1855 To 1917

1551 words - 7 pages In this essay I am looking at the period 1855 to 1917 saw many changes in the ruling of Russia. In 1855 there was a strong Autocratic leader in charge of the country. This remained to be the case until early 1917 when the Tsar abdicated. So in this essay I am going to look at nature of the opposition to the Tsarist regime. In total there were 3 different leaders during the period I am looking at and in this essay I will be trying to answer

How Far Do You Agree That The Most Important Cause Of The Revolution In February 1917 Was The Great War

1334 words - 6 pages AS History How far do you agree that the most important cause of the revolution in February 1917 was the Great War? The February revolution which occurred in 1917 was the result of several causes, one of which being World War 1; in my opinion, it was the most important trigger. The Great War was the cause of Russia becoming financially dependent on Britain and France, decreasing the prestige the Tsar once held. Russia was unable to sustain its