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Food N Nutrition Essay

1553 words - 7 pages

Human Nutrition
A term that is used to encompass nutrient recommendations produced by the National Academy of Sciences and the Food and Nutrition Board is called Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI). DRI is also a common term for a guideline of reference values used to assess and plan a healthy individual’s nutrient intake (Wardlaw et. al., 2011, p. 60-61). During a consecutive three-day period, protein intakes, carbohydrate intakes, lipid intakes, macronutrient intake ranges, fiber intake ranges, and dietary modifications are recorded and analyzed in iProfile. Recorded Protein, Carbohydrate, and Lipid Intakes.
Macronutrients are substances needed for growth, metabolism, and for other body ...view middle of the document...

The only food that provided the lipids was the macaroni and cheese. Recorded Intake Compared to Dietary Reference Intakes.
In comparison to the Dietary Reference Intakes, my protein intake was below recommended range (too low). One way to achieve the recommended DRI protein range goal is by either increasing the portion size of fish fillet or servings of baked chicken. My carbohydrate intake was below the recommended range (too low). One way to achieve the recommended carbohydrate range goal is by increasing the amount of grain, such as toast or biscuits, to eat for break-fast. Another way is by increasing the amount of dairy products; drinking 2% milk gives better results than consuming low-fat 1% milk. My total lipid intake is also below recommended range (too low). One way to achieve the recommended total lipid intake goal is by occasionally consuming small portions of fried foods such as fried green tomatoes, bacon or sausage, and scram-bled eggs with cheese. Complementary Proteins
Complete vs. Incomplete
Complementary proteins require the combination of two or more proteins to compensate for absence in vital amino acid content. Combining to become complementary, a majority of the foods consumed consisted of incomplete proteins because they are considered lower-quality in-dividable plant sources of protein, except for soy beans. Incomplete proteins are essentially important because a single plant protein source cannot simply support body maintenance and growth (Wardlaw, 2011, p. 216). Achieved Protein, Carbohydrate, & Lipid
The daily-recommended amount of protein, carbohydrate, and lipid intake was recorded respectively at 23 g, 214 g, and 23 g. Each of the recommended intakes was below the recommended range. The carbohydrate and lipid intake numbers were not surprising to me because my dietary regimen prohibits the consumption of meats, fried foods, pastas, or breads produced with yeast. However, the protein intake number was very surprising because my dietary regimen also requires plenty of water, fruits, vegetables, and juices.
Macronutrient Recommendations. According to Boyers (2014), if a person’s macronutrient intake was insufficient, the Food and Nutrition Board, which is a subgroup of the Institute of Medicine, can provide recommendations for macronutrient dietary consumptions. For example, if people consume 2500 calories daily, their carbohydrate intake should vary from 282 g to 406 g. Next, they should consume 0.8 g of protein for each kg of body weight. Finally, their lipid intake should vary from 56 g to 97 g while their fiber consumption is 35 g (Boyers, 2014). Macronutrient Intake Ranges
In order for the body to properly function, it needs large amounts of compounds called macronutrients. According to Cespedes (2014), macronutrient intake within the recommended range is important because a serious absence in these kinds of nutrients (too much or too little) can compromise the body’s ability to survive,...

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