Salmonella is a bacterium that is found in an infection known as Salmonellosis. In the United States there are 42,000 reported cases each year, but it is thought that the true number of cases are much higher as many cases of a more mild degree go unreported. Of the 42,000 reported cases each year, it is estimated that there are approximately 400 deaths each year caused by the bacteria. The majorities of these cases is found in young children, and in the elderly, and are more common in the summer months ("Salmonella Homepage", 2010).
Salmonella is a very common bacterium found in food and water. Transmission of the bacteria is caused by contact with fecal matter from animals infected with the bacteria. Care needs to be taken in food preparation as well. In many cases handling raw meat ...view middle of the document...
The USDA stepped in and issued a warning stop anyone from further contracting the bacteria, and were also able to trace the source (Funaro, 2011).
Patients with salmonella poisoning may experience nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. In more severe cases patients may suffer from abdominal cramping as well. The symptoms can be present from 4 to 7 days, and patients need to be very aware of not becoming dehydrated. The treatment for salmonella is somewhat controversial. Some doctors recommend using antibiotics to treat the disease, while others feel that antibiotic use only prolongs the time that the bacteria will be carried ("Salmonella Poisoning", n.d.)
Prevention of salmonella poisoning is relatively easy. Cooking meats, and poultry to proper temperatures, and being careful to handle raw food in a responsible manner will help to prevent the spread of disease greatly. Also, consistent hand washing with warm, soapy water will be very important.
Salmonella, although a mild infection in most cases, can still cause unnecessary illness that is easily preventable for everyone. It is important that people be mindful of this illness, and take precaution, especially when young children who may no know better can be exposed due to irresponsible actions. With a little effort this illness can be avoided very easily.
Salmonella Homepage. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/general/
Salmonella Fact Sheet. (2001). Retrieved from http://www.cdphe.state.co.us/dc/epidemiology/salm_fs.html
Funaro, Vincent. (2011, August 2). Salmonella Outbreak Tied to Ground Turkey Products Infects 76 and Kills One. The Christian Post. Retrieved from http://www.christianpost.com/news/nationwide-salmonella-outbreak-infects-76-and-kills-1-53245/
Salmonella Poisioning. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.medicinenet.com/salmonella/page4.htm#treated