Forced Drug Testing
University Of Phoenix
There has been much debate over the effectiveness of Pretrial drug testing and programs over the years. In the late 90's a directive was enacted by president Bill Clinton to implement a policy that all individuals with felony charges would undergo mandatory drug testing before they could be eligible for release or trial. (Gist, 1999). The reasoning behind this policy was to be able to predict, monitor and control the many individuals who were sent through the system on a regular basis. The goal was to eliminate the reasons that cause an individual to flee after posting bail and skipping his or her court date and ...view middle of the document...
Pretrial programs have been effective in assuring that a person will appear for his or her trial and has been shown to deter pretrial crime. Only defendants that are not deemed serious offenders or a danger to society may participate in pretrial programs. Representatives of the pretrial program keep in contact with the individual to make sure he or she understands where and when to appear for court and the charges they are facing. Pretrial programs work under the assumption that few defendants with community ties will flee after being released on bail. However, this can not apply to all defendants. Other considerations such as criminal and employment history must be taken into consideration. (Goldkamp, Gottfredson & Weiland, 1990)
Overall, Pretrial drug testing programs are ineffective, not because the premise does not work but due to the fact that all individuals with felony charges do not behave the same nor commit the same types of crimes. The program tends to generalize, when there are so many factors that are overlooked such as criminal record, types of crimes committed and occurrences of recidivism. If pretrial drug testing is to be effective it must be used in conjunction with pretrial programs to elicit the most effective response. Combining the two could deter criminals...