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Foreign Affairs Essay

1652 words - 7 pages

April 5
Williams on Clinton
1. Engagement and enlargement of the international institutions-maintain American dominance but in a self-restrained way
2. Globalization-interdependence, joint objectives in solving global issues, economical welfare rather than military security, China
Walt-unprecedented dominance, unipolar international system, very little constrains, US the half-hearted hegemony, reluctant to use power; US becomes the status quo power, 21% public don’t know international problems and satisfied;
Engagement-NATO to keep US pacify Europe and Asia, US would keep this role and not isolationism; press allies in getting involved (troops and money) because of public pressure: why ...view middle of the document...

Economic recovery and expansion
8. Diplomatic achievements: Uruguay rounds, NAFTA
9. Efforts to promote human rights-Bosnia, Kosovo; but uneven performance-withdrew from Somalia, Rwanda (very weary because of the local conditions and little interest) and goes against rule of sovereignty
10. US as a benie superpower
Mastanduno-US also restrained in 1990s
1. Balance of power theory by Kenneth Waltz-disequilibrium after the Cold War (unipolar systems, others fear and balance US) US to recognize this is inevitable, lead to mutipolar international system; Steven Walt-balance of threat theory-states balance not against material capabilities but threats (distance, perceptions of power); US still perceived by others as benie hegemonic power, maintained military advantage but also use diplomacy to communicate and engage in self-restrain, so others bandwagon rather than balance. Security domain: Walt’s prediction applicable; economic domain: Waltz’s prediction more applicable.
2. Mastanduno-increasing economic disputes with Japan; growing concern over China’s growing surplus; agriculture
1. Long distance
2. Benign hegemon
3. US maintained preponderance
4. Statecraft/diplomacy
5. Bandwagoning rather than balancing
6. In economic domain, balance of power domain prevails: Japan; growing concern about China; EU-agricultural agreements and subsidies
7. Mixed strategy: economic hardball but security softball: multilateralism
8. Pg 169: economic danger doesn’t spill to the military domain; maintain domestic support for global engagement, avoid excessive commitment; avoid acting unilaterally, arrogance of power
Article: Obama tariff on Chinese tires, mixed balancing, absence of military balancing
Ikenberry: different, from liberal perspective
1. Waltz-America will be challenged and balanced-wrong
2. America is a liberal hegemon: not more power but qualitatively different than previous hegemons
3. Basis: 1. Alliances and markets-Germany and Japan 2. Geographic history: states worry about more about isolation rather than intervention 3. Democracy and international institutions: reluctant, open, and highly institutionalized, seek to instruct international order; penetrative hegemony: listen to criticisms
4. These characteristic restrained American power
Cox: failure of all scholars, dominated by realism views, only looked at balance of power but ignored change of society and economy; Globalization, norms, culture, ethics, scientific methodology; 313 as a result, scholars got 1990s wrong just as 1980s; key trend 60s, 70s:
1. Vietnam War
2. USSR starts to catch up, achieves parity
3. New economic challenges: Japan, Germany
3 things to change decline: Paul Kennedy
1. Soviet collapse
2. Clinton economics, elimination of budget deficit
3. Europe and Japan economic suffers
4. America thus becomes more dominant, no foreseeable challenges
April 12

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