Forensic Science In The 21st Century

1813 words - 8 pages

Forensic Science in the 21st Century

AJS/592

Aug 2012

Forensic Science in the 21st Century

Forensic science is regarded as an essential component in the resolution of crimes and law enforcement. Collecting and deciphering evidence properly and preserving crime scenes are two of the most important elements in crime-solving. Consequently, technological advances are relevant to the limited and challenging forensic science field. Also, it is a field wherein technical aptitude is attained only by the amalgamation of various dynamics. For example, supervision, continuing education, proficiency, training, ...view middle of the document...

The truths uncovered by forensic science may persuade a judge, a grand jury, or defense or prosecuting attorneys that a particular issue does not warrant a court hearing. Also forensic science, on occasion, makes connections to a crime or corroborates the existence of a crime. Furthermore, forensic science bestows informational and professional views to judges, attorneys, juries, and investigators that are beneficial in establishing the accused’s guilt or innocence (American Academy of Forensic Science, 2012).
In addition, the rule of law is centered on the principle that legal processes bring about justice. However, this principle has received criticism in recent years. Needless to say, forensic science cannot alter distrust and cynicism alone. Moreover, it can contribute to reestablishing faith in court processes by employing technology and science in the hunt for fairness during criminal, regulatory, and civil adversities (American Academy of Forensic Science, 2012).
Forensic Science Contributions toward Security Efforts at Various Levels

The forensic science principles used to assist investigations, intelligence, and operations in the interdiction, deterrence, and prosecution of terrorism are deemed critical element of homeland security. During the 1980’s and 1990s, many terror campaigns in the United States and overseas persuaded the U.S. government to enhance federal forensic science and investigative agencies’ abilities to react more efficiently.
For example, forensic science performed a significant role in analyzing the Pan Am Flight bombing (1988), the World Trade Center’s first bombing (1993), the Oklahoma City bombing (1995), Trans World Airline Flight 800’s attack (1996), the USS Cole bombing (2000), and U.S. Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania’s bombings (1998) (The National Academic Press, 2012). The disposition of homeland security necessitates the assimilation of forensic science into the investigative protocol sooner than criminal justice’s justification. Furthermore, forensic science executes not only its customary role of surmising what transpired at a crime scene criminal involvement, but also gives exhaustively to spawning investigative clues and directing, testing, and redirecting investigative lines.
In this function, forensic science adds to the assembly of timely and applicable investigative and intelligence information on terrorist groups and clandestine cells. Additionally, this warrants enhanced and specialized forensic analysis, information sharing, and traditional forensic science tools. These innovative tools are being created predominantly by the United States’ defense and intelligence communities, with every community altering the innovative tools to its specialized missions and needs (The National Academy Press, 2012).
Another homeland security forensic science component is located in the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, which organizes the Intelligence...

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