Four Different Approaches Of Motivation Essay

1943 words - 8 pages

Motivation represents the forces acting on or within a person who causes the person to behave in a specific and goal-directed manner (Locke, E.A., and Latham, et al). Slocum/Hellriegel (2007) stated that there are four different approaches to motivation, satisfying basic human needs, designing motivational jobs, encouraging beliefs that desired rewards can be achieved and equal treatment of people. Although experts have differing views on what motivates employees and how working conditions can affect their careers, they have come to a consensus that it is essential for organizations to attract and retain people, provide a suitable environment for work and motivate them to perform beyond ...view middle of the document...

We can look at how Nucor Corporation operates using a motivation theory to motivate their employees.

At Nucor, the motivation factors for the workers are based on a decentralized management philosophy; they are only four level of organization structure (supervisor, department manager, vise president/general manager and Chairman). Most of their operating decisions are made at the division level or lower. The organization has applied a reinforcement theory which rewards the individual’s performance based on their good work and also will penalize for their bad performances. Employees earn the weekly based pay; on top of that they also received their weekly bonus based in the production. These opportunities reward employees for meeting the goals and targets, with continuation of employment and bonuses. Their bonuses are not base on the individual performances but rather on the group effort. The organization had set a goal, saying ‘a bonus are tied to the production of defect-free steel by an employee’s entire shift can triple the average steelworker’s take home pay’ (Kreitner/Kinicki, 2008). There are other positive reinforcement benefits in Nucor, every year they will publish annual reports with ‘every employee’s name on the cover of the annual report’ [2] to appreciate their effort put in over the year. This will also make every employee proud. A former Auburn employee, whose company was been taken over by Nucor, did not realize that he would earn a much better salary under Nucor’s pay system. Although he started with his previous pay at Auburn, soon after his pay became an attractive pull factor. It was raised 3 times more than what he got when he just joined after 3 years. But if the employee came late for 5 minutes, they will have 1 day bonus deducted, if they were late for 30 minutes, they will lose 1 week bonus. As for the maintenance personnel, there will be no bonus if the plant or equipment is not operating. With this punishment policy, they tried to discourage the employee to having this type of behavior and be committed to the organization.

In Nucor, everyone is treated the same, the employees have the right to appeal when they believe they are treated unfairly. Even the CEO does not take advantage of his position to take business class flight and have exclusive parking lot. There is a fair treatment throughout the whole organization. ‘Their executive pay is geared towards team building, the management’s bonuses depends on the entire corporation’s return and so there is no glory in winning at their own plant if others are falling’ [2], look at the example on Hutchins, he claimed that during his days at Auburn, when the plants are down, they can take a breather and have a coffee. Unlike in Nucor, it is not just the maintenance teams that are anxious when the plants are down, everyone else would also work on it and help each other. Instead of being individualistic, they work as one organization.

Other Essays Like Four Different Approaches of Motivation

Team Summary Essay

880 words - 4 pages evaluating the effectiveness of substitutes for leadership were items that inspired the class discussions in week four. Compare and Contrast Leadership Theories There are five leadership theory approaches that are described by Yuki (2010). The approaches are the trait approach, the behavior approach, the power-influence approach, the situational approach and the integrative approach. The trait approach focuses on personality, skills

Employee Motivation Essay


Emotion and Motivation

574 words - 3 pages violence to name just a few. Psychologists feel that emotion stems from perception, and is then brought about due to a hormonal response to this perception. Emotion involves four factors that are integrated as parts of a syndrome. These four factors are tendency to act, bodily or physical reaction, cognitive appraisals, and expressive movements. Feelings and motivation work in tandem to help us reach our goals. At the same time, there are

Performance Issues

1365 words - 6 pages , various psychologists have developed theories that may explain how employees can be motivated into being productive. Abraham Maslow’s motivation theory is one of the most used theories today. Maslow's hierarchy of needs says that a person's behavior will be dominated by those needs which have the greatest influence (“Motivational approaches”, 2008). This theory, which is known as the hierarchy of needs, divides people’s needs into different

Exam 3 Study G

582 words - 3 pages stages of prenatal development. What is the developmental trend in brain size? When is your brain the largest? When do most changes in the brain occur? ✓ What are the four major steps in prenatal brain development? Which occur(s) after birth? ✓ What are teratogens? What is one example? ✓ Know who Piaget was, what he studied, and how his four stages of development contribute to our knowledge of development. Know the major developmental

Motivation in the Making

704 words - 3 pages scenario one, Caitlin’s lack of motivation seems to stem from the divorce of her parents, in addition to moving to a new area with her mother, which resulted in attending a new school. The lack of motivation to be engaged in the classroom is certainly understood, however, the potential to become motivated can be accomplished through understanding, compassion, and being educated on motivational approaches by Daran Brown. Abraham Maslow’s “Theory of

Motivation in Organizations

2000 words - 8 pages subject, is largely ignored. Even when not ignored, it certainly is not a focal point for strategic thinking.Most organizations don't give it much thought until something starts to go wrong. Four reasons explain this fact of life: 1. Motivation is intangible. 2. Motivation drives all human action. It is the energy source. Those seeking to shape the behavior ultimately wrestle with motivation. 3. With a bit of work, we can intuit our

Motivation and Emotion Worksheet

1036 words - 5 pages University of Phoenix Material Motivation and Emotion Worksheet Resources: Ch. 7 & 8 of Discovering Psychology and Motivation and Emotion – Interactive Tutorial Discuss the following as a team and provide a brief summary of the each discussion. The word count for individual answers may vary but your responses should total 500- to 800-words for the entire worksheet. Describe three approaches to motivation. Explain how each approach

Employee Motivation

923 words - 4 pages purposes, a few of them are mentioned below: 1) Job design: Described as the design of an employee’s job in a way that is both interesting and challenging to keep him/her motivated. Job design has four methods: Job simplification (Standardizing and simplifying tasks), job rotation (the periodical movement of employees into different tasks), job enlargement (greater variety of tasks given to workers), and job enrichment (enhancement of the

Motivational Essay

1173 words - 5 pages individual. A school must examine many different theories of motivation to decide which ones will work best to motivate not only the student body but also the staff to achieve their goals. References Federici, R., & Skaalvik, E. (2012). Principal self-efficacy: relations with burnout, job satisfaction and motivation to quit. Social Psychology Of Education, 15(3), 295- 320.doi:10.1007/s11218-012-9183-5 Razik, T., & Swanson, A. (2010). Fundamental Concepts of Educational Leadership and Management. Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Rowell, L., & Eunsook, H. (2013). ACADEMIC MOTIVATION: CONCEPTS, STRATEGIES, AND COUNSELING APPROACHES. Professional School Counseling, 16(3), 158-171.

Achievement Motivation

2422 words - 10 pages Motivation How each of us develop the will and desire to succeed in certain tasks and activities, or how we concern ourselves with the possibility of failure are both issues surrounding practical and theoretical significance. Motivation is generally defined as the driving force behind all of our actions. It refers to the dynamics of our behavior, while influencing our needs and desires. There are different types of motivation that range from

Related Papers

P1 The Role Of Four Different Compli Therapies

1135 words - 5 pages Describe and explain the role of four different complementary therapies in relation to orthodox treatment. Complementary therapies are any practices that don’t fall in the category of medicine that are given to patients at a doctor surgery. These are given to patients by specialise who each perform a different type of treatment to those who are in need. Orthodox treatment is a treatment given to patients by doctors at a surgery. Most of the

3.1 Discuss The Impact That Different Leadership Styles May Have On Motivation In Organizations In Periods Of Change

2257 words - 10 pages Introduction This report will discuss about the effect of different leadership styles may have on motivation of employees during periods of change, comparing the application of different motivation theories within the workplace and the usefulness of motivation theory for mangers. Nevertheless, also this report will explain the nature of group behavior within organizations and the factors may inhibit the development of effective teamwork in

The Fundamental Accounting Concepts And The Role Of Financial Accounting In Aiding The Decision Making Processes Of Four Different Non Management Stakeholder Groups

2455 words - 10 pages company and there are many groups of people who have an interest in these statements. In other words, financial statements are important a wide range of groups both internal and external to the organization. These different groups are known as stakeholders. They always have different purposes by looking at the company's financial statement.This study is divided into two parts. Part one explains how the fundamental accounting concepts are used in

Motivational Methods Essay

1288 words - 6 pages different characteristics of professional workers and lower-level contingent workers. Also addressed in this paper will be the different motivational approaches that are used by managers today towards these two groups. Finally, by applying a set of motivational theories, this paper will attempt to explain why managers should apply different methods to each of these groups. There are many questions facing managers about motivation; questions